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SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES №  11 (78) 2014 -1




 
EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Bekyashev K. A.
EAEU: international (interstate) organization or international (interstate) integration union?
These theses touch the legal status of Eurasian economic integration. They provide answers to the following questions: whether the EAEU intergovernmental organization or interstate integration union?; whether the EAEU supranational organization?; what is the structure of EAEU law?; what are the sources of EAEU law?
Keywords: Eurasian Economic Union, supranationality, regional integration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azanov B. K. Dogovor o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. —2014. — # 9.
2. Volova L. I. Pravovoj status regional'nyh integracionnyh ob"edinenij // Rossijskij ezhegodnik mezhdunarodnogo prava. — 2012. SPb. 2013.
3. Dogovor o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze. —M., 2014.
4. Lando D. D., Samarin V. I. Evropejskoe publichnoe pravo. — M., 2005.
5. Ryzhov V. Ponjatie prava regional'nogo integracionnogo ob"edinenija // Pravo i zhizn'. — 2006. — # 97.
6. Svinarev V. V. Mezhdunarodnaja integracija: pravovoj opyt Evropejskogo Sojuza i perspektivy ego primenenija na Evrazijskom prostranstve // Rossijskij ezhegodnik mezhdunarodnogo prava. — 2012. SPb. 2013.
7. Sultanov I. R. Vlijanie integracionnyh ob"edinenij na formy mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva // Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i gosudarstvo. — 2009. —# 10 (58).
8. Shumilov V. M. Mezhdunarodnoe jekonomicheskoe pravo:Ucheb. dlja magistrov. — M., 2011.
9. Klabbers J. Treaty conflict and the European Union. — Cambridge University Press., 2009.



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Hanov T. A.alt
Fetkulov A. H.
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Nurpeisova A. K.

EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Hanov T. A., Fetkulov A. H., Nurpeisova A. K.
Harmonization and unification of national legislations on formation of contract and legal base of the Сustoms Union and the Common Economic Space
Article is devoted to regional cooperation in development of legal regulation of the economic sphere of the Customs Union and the Common Economic Space member states. Procedure of formation of decisions on each integration association for the purpose of development of uniform
economic policy in the former Soviet Union and creation of conditions for stable and effective development of economies of the member states and increase of a standard of living of the population is considered step by step. It is offered to strengthen the work of the Eurasian Economic Commission on harmonization and standardization of national legislations.
Keywords: The Eurasian Economic Community, the Customs Union, the Common Economic
Space, the Eurasian Economic Union, integration, unification, cooperation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azanov B. K. Dogovor o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze: kompleksnyj pravovoj analiz (Razdel I. Obshhie polozhenija. Razdel II. Osnovnye principy, celi, kompetencija i pravo sojuza) // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. — 2014. — # 8 (75).
2. Bozhko L. L Algoritm transformacii prigranichnoj ideologii v realijah prakticheskih meroprija-tij [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://vestnik.uapa.ru/ru-ru/issue/2011/03/10/ (data obrashhenija:09.10.14).
3. Bugubaeva R. O. Tamozhennyj sojuz i problemy vstuplenija vo vsemirnuju torgovuju organizaciju // Zhurnal Vestnik KJeU: jekonomika, filosofija, pedagogika, jurisprudencija. — Karaganda. — 2011. — # 4 (23).
4. Glaz'ev S. Ju. Navstrechu Evrazijskomu jekonomicheskomu sojuzu // Evrazijskaja integracija: jekonomika, pravo,politika. — 2014. — # 1 (15).
5. EvrAzJes pri sushhestvovanii Tamozhennogo sojuza —lishnee zveno: jekspert. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://kazakhstan.news-city.info/index.htm(data obrashhenija: 06.10.14).
6. Ivin V. V. Napravlenija razvitija tamozhennogo administrirovanija v kontekste sozdanija Tamozhennogo sojuza // Rossijskij vneshnejekonomicheskij vestnik. —2010. — # 6 (ijun').
7. Informacionno-spravochnye materialy. Tamozhennyj sojuz. Edinoe jekonomicheskoe prostranstvo [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://centrasia.ruschamber.net/Logos/Articles/456805/YAnvar_2012.doc (data obrashhenija:10.10.14).
8. Komendantov S. V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye posledstvija sozdanija Tamozhennogo sojuza v ramkah EvrAzJes // Rossijskij vneshnejekonomicheskij vestnik. — 2010. — # 1.
9. Moiseev E. G. Dogovor o evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze — ocherednoj jetap integracii na postsovetskom prostranstve // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. —2014. — # 7.
10. Novye gorizonty integracii // Kazahstanskaja pravda. — 2013. — 25 oktjabrja.
11. Normy VTO stanut prioritetnymi po otnosheniju k Tamozhennomu sojuzu («Nezavisimaja Gazeta», 12.10.2011) — WTO.RU. Tamozhennyj sojuz EvrAzJeS [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/ (data obrashhenija:01.10.14).
12. Osnovnye principy i kratkaja istorija formirovanija tamozhennogo sojuza [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://regfortrade.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=110:2010–02–15–16–01–29&catid=58: documents&Itemid=134 (data obrashhenija:03.10.14).
13. Rahmatulina G. G. Vperjod, v sojuz? [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://camonitor.com/archives/2395 (data obrashhenija:05.10.14).
14. Farhutdinov I. Z. EvrAzJeC… Da zdravstvuet EAJeS! Evrazijskij jekonomicheskij sojuz nachinaet dejstvovat' v 2015 godu // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2014. —# 9 (76) — S.8–9.



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EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Kochiev A. K.
International transport corridors and international legal personality of the Republic of South Ossetia
The article deals with the legal aspects of a possible strengthening of the international legal personality of the Republic of South Ossetia by opening the transit through its territory and accession to international transport corridors.
Keywords: South Ossetia, international legal personality, Georgia, transport corridors, Transcaucasian Highway, Eurasian integration, Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, Eurasian Economic Union, TRACECA.
Work bibliographic list
1. Zaharov V. A., Areshev A. G. Priznanie Juzhnoj Osetii i Abhazii: politiko-pravovye aspekty — M.: MGOF «Znanie», 2008.
2. Kurdjukov G. I. Gosudarstva v sisteme mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovanija. — Kazan': Izdatel'stvo kazanskogo universiteta, 1979.
3. Anan'eva E. V., Ashavskij B. M. Problema priznanija gosudarstv. Diskussija // Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn'. —2009. — # 11.
4. Sm.: Ashavskij B. M. Ponjatija «pravoporjadok», «mezhdunarodnyj pravoporjadok» i «mezhdunarodnyj jekonomicheskij pravoporjadok»: obshhee i osobennoe //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. — 2014. — # 9. (76). — C. 52–64.
5. Semenov D. V. Pravovye rezhimy evrazijskih transportnyh koridorov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. — 2013. — # 1 (56).
6. Skakov A. Ju. Politika: Rossija v Zakavkaz'evyzovy i perspektivy / Juzhnyj flang SNG. Central'naja Azija — Kaspij — Kavkaz: jenergetika i politika / Pod red. A. V. Mal'gina, M. M. Narinskogo. — Vyp. 2. — M.:Navona, 2005.
7. Fel'dman D. I. Priznanie gosudarstv v sovremennom mezhdunarodnom prave. — Kazan': Izdatel'stvo Kazanskogo universiteta, 1960.
8. Fel'dman D. I., Kurdjukov G. I. Osnovnye tendencii razvitija mezhdunarodnoj pravosub"ektnosti. — Kazan': Izdatel'stvo Kazanskogo universiteta, 1974.
9. Cooley A., Mitchell A. L. Engagement without Recognition: a New Strategy toward Abkhazia and Eurasia’s Unrecognized States // The Washington Quarterly. — October, 2010.
10. Cox N. The Acquisition of Sovereignty by Quasi- States:The case of the Order of Malta // Mountbatten Journal of Legal Studies. Southampton SOLENT University. Solent Electronic Archive [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://ssudl.solent.ac.uk/976/1/2002_6_1%262.pdf
11. Wilde R. Recognition in International Law // Meeting Summary. Recognition of States: the Consequences of Recognition or Non-Recognition in UK and International Law. Summary of International Law Discussion Group meeting held at Chatam House on 4 February 2010.



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EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Yakovleva E. N.
Current problems of CIS model regulatory acts on the protection of the rights of persons with disabilities
The article analyzes the practice of modeling rulemaking CIS in the sphere of the rights protection
of persons with disabilities. The paper examines in detail the model law «On social protection of
the persons with disabilities’ and the model law «On education of persons with disabilities (special
education)». Based on the results of the legal analysis the disadvantages of the model acts are revealed and suggestions for the improvement of the acts are made.
Keywords: CIS, model law, persons with disabilities, rights of persons with disabilities, the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Work bibliographic list

1. Konvencija OON o pravah invalidov (rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON 61/106 ot 13 dekabrja 2006 g.) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/disability.shtml
2. Postanovlenie Mezhparlamentskoj Assamblei gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG ot 14 aprelja 2005 g. # 25–8 «O model'nom zakonotvorchestve v Sodruzhestve Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv» / Edinyj reestr pravovyh aktov i inyh dokumentov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.e-cis.info/
3. Postanovlenie Mezhparlamentskoj Assamblei gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG ot 25 nojabrja 2008 g. # 31–19 «O model'nom zakone «O social'noj zashhite invalidov» / Edinyj reestr pravovyh aktov i inyh dokumentov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.e-cis.info/
4. Postanovlenie Mezhparlamentskoj Assamblei gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG ot 7 dekabrja 2002 g. # 20–5 «O model'nom zakone «Ob obrazovanii lic s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostjami zdorov'ja (special'nom obrazovanii)» / Edinyj reestr pravovyh aktov i inyh dokumentov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.e-cis.info/
5. Postanovlenie Mezhparlamentskoj Assamblei gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG ot 29 nojabrja 2013 g. # 39–9 «O Rekomendacijah po sblizheniju zakonodatel'stva gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG v oblasti obrazovanija lic s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostjami zdorov'ja» /Edinyj reestr pravovyh aktov i inyh dokumentov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv [Jelektronnyj resurs]. —Rezhim dostupa: http://www.e-cis.info/
6. Postanovlenie Mezhparlamentskoj Assamblei gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG ot 29 nojabrja 2013 g. # 39– «O model'nom Obrazovatel'nom kodekse (Obshhaja chast') dlja gosudarstv-uchastnikov SNG» / Edinyj reestr pravovyh aktov i inyh dokumentov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv [Jelektronnyj resurs]. —Rezhim dostupa: http://www.e-cis.info/
7. Gorovoj V. A., Chernjavskij S. I. Sodruzhestvo Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv —realii i perspektivy. —M.:Navona, 2008. —192 s.



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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Klemin A. V.
About the right of self-defense
Russian parliamentarians set to work on the law of self-defense. There are two drafts laws preparing the modernization of this institute. One of them in October 2014 was already submit for the consideration of State Duma. The presented article considers the bounds of the self-defense.
Keywords: self-defense, criminal law, bounds of the self-defense.
Work bibliographic list

1. Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda SSSR. — 1970. — # 1.
2. Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda SSSR. — 1971. — # 2.
3. Kaburneev Je. V. O nekotoryh problemah kvalifikacii faktov prichinenija smerti pri prevyshenii predelov neobhodimoj oborony // Rossijskij sledovatel'. —2007. — # 1.
4. Kapinus O. S. Neobhodimaja oborona i krajnjaja neobhodimost' po ugolovnomu zakonodatel'stvu zarubezhnyh stran // Vestnik Akademii General'noj prokuratury Rossijskoj Federacii. Nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. — 2008. — # 3 (5).
5. Postanovlenie Plenuma Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 27.09.2012 # 19 «O primenenii sudami zakonodatel'stva o neobhodimoj oborone i prichinenii vreda pri zaderzhanii lica, sovershivshego prestuplenie».



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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Miroshnichenko Yu. V.
Summit G20 and relations between Russia and the West
The article is about the problem of relations between Russia and the West, the progress and results
of the summit G20. Special attention is given to current issues and problems, such as: incorporation
of the Crimea, the relationship with China, Western sanctions and others.
Keywords: Summit G20, President of the Russian Federation, the international arena, the political
situation.
Work bibliographic list

1. Novostnoj istochnik «Rusnovosti24» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://rusnovosti24.ru/putinamerika-hochet-nas-podchinit-no-za-vsyu-istoriyu-rossiie-to-ni-u-kogo-ne-poluchalos/
2. Novostnoj istochnik «RIAnovosti» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://ria.ru/world/20141116/1033505582.html




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Kuteynikov A.
Е.
An institutional basis of participation of non-state actors in the activities of the United Nations
United Nations has intergovernmental status, however some non-state actors are participating in its functioning, including: staff, members of special organs, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations. UN's organs, juridical norms on conditions and order of creation, as well as rules of procedure, and stable patterns of conducting form together an institutional basis for non-state actors participation. The non-state actors, on the one hand, are involved in realization of the general and current aims of the UN. On the other hand, realizing their own tasks they bring some new practices in the UN functioning. So, UN's family is a result of interaction of states and non-state actors. Their real and potential power has been changing over the time. The main tendency is the growing of the influence of non-states actors, correlating to growing and complication of the organizations.
Keywords: United Nations, social institution, international law, international actor, organ of international organization, international civil service, non-governmental organization.
Work bibliographic list

1. Abashidze A. H., Solncev A. M. Mirnoe razreshenie mezhdunarodnyh sporov: sovremennye problemy. — 2-e izd: Monografija. — M: RUDN, 2012.
2. Voenno-shtabnoj komitet. Dok. S/RES/1 (1946) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/russian/documen/scresol/1946/res1.pdf (data obrashhenija:20.01.2012).
3. Mezhdunarodnye organizacii. — M., 1994.
4. Pravo mezhdunarodnyh organizacij. — M.: Jurajt, 2014.
5. Sistema Mezhdunarodnoj grazhdanskoj sluzhby OON. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/aboutun/civilservice/system (data obrashhenija 04.05.2013).
6. Solncev A. M. Sovremennoe mezhdunarodnoe pravo ob okruzhajushhej srede i jekologicheskih pravah cheloveka. — M.: URSS, 2013.
7. Udenko E. I. Konsul'tativnyj status NPO pri JeKOSOS: sociologicheskie osobennosti juridicheskogo fenomena // Aktual'nye problemy mezhdunarodnogo prava: materialy XI ezhegodnoj mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj pamjati professora I. P. Blishhenko. T. 1. — M.: RUDN, 2014.
8. Fedorov V. N. Organizac ija Ob"edinennyh Nacij, drugie mezhdunarodnye organizacii i ih rol' v XXI veke. — M., 2007.
9. CHAPTER III: Privileges and Immunities, Diplomatic and Consular Relations, etc [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://treaties.un.org/pages/ Treaties.aspx?id=3&subid=A&lang=en



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Bekyashev D. K.alt
Yerzinkyan K. V.

INTERNATIONAL LAW
Bekyashev D. K., Yerzinkyan K. V.
Legal status of OECD and perspectives of Russian Federation’s cooperation with this organization in the field of fisheries
This article touches upon history of establishing and legal status of OECD, the competence and main areas of activities of the OECD Committee on Fisheries at the current moment. Special attention is paid to recommendations on the cooperation of the Russian Federation with this Organization in different aspects of fisheries.
Keywords: OECD, legal status, Russian Federation, cooperation in the field of fisheries, OECD
Committee on Fisheries.
Work bibliographic list

1. Komitet po rybolovstvu OJeSR podderzhal vstuplenie Rossii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://fishnews.ru/news/21046
2. Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe pravo: Uchebnik. 5-e izd. /Otv. red. K. A. Bekjashev. — M.: Prospekt, 2011.
3. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Uchebnik dlja bakalavrov / Pod red. A. N. Vylegzhanina. — 2-e izd., pererab. i dop. —M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2012.
4. Green Growth and Fisheries, OECD Publishing, 2014.
5. OECD budget [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa:http://www.oecd.org/about/budget/
6. OECD Members and partners [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.oecd.org/about/membersandpartners/




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Koneva A. E.
Cooperation between human rights treaty bodies and regional human rights mechanisms
Today substantial efforts at international level are being made in order to strengthen the cooperation between mechanisms of universal and regional human rights systems. This interaction acquires a particular importance in frames of the initiative to strengthen the human rights treaty body system as well as initiatives to strengthen regional human rights systems. The author comes to the conclusion that cooperation between human rights treaty bodies and regional human rights mechanisms provides an effective tool to promote strengthening and development of consistent international standards of human rights and improving the efficiency of their work which ultimately improves human rights protection at the national level.
Keywords: international human rights law, UN, human rights treaty bodies, regional human rights systems, strengthening the human rights treaty body system.
Work bibliographic list

1. Abashidze A. H. Dogovornye organy po pravam cheloveka. — M., 2012.
2. Abashidze A. H., Alisievich E. S., Solncev A. M. Regional'nye sistemy zashhity prav cheloveka: Ucheb. posobie/ Otv. red. A. H. Abashidze. — M.: RUDN, 2012.
3. Abashidze A. H., Koneva A. E. Ukreplenie sistemy dogovornyh organov po pravam cheloveka // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. — M: Nekommercheskoe partnerstvo «Sodejstvie redakcionnoj dejatel'nosti „MZhMP“». — 2013. — # 4.
4. Kartashkin V. A. Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij i mezhdunarodnaja zashhita prav cheloveka v XXI veke:Monografija — M: Norma: Infra-M, 2015.
5. Egan S. Strengthening the United Nations Human Rights Treaty Body System // Human Rights Law Review. —2013. — Vol. 13. — # 2.
6. Keller H., Ulfstein G. (eds.). UN human rights treaty bodies: law and legitimacy. — Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
7. Koneva A. Challenges facing the human rights treaty body system // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Serija: juridicheskie nauki. — M: RUDN. – 2014. – # 1.
8. Morijn J. Reforming United Nations Human Rights Treaty Monitoring Reform // Netherlands International Law Review. — 2011. — LVIII.
9. O’Flaherty M. Reform of the UN Human Rights Treaty Body System: Locating the Dublin Statement // Human Rights Law Review. — 2010. — Vol. 10. — # 2.



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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Anyanova E. S.
Legitimation of the maritime security measures in the international law after the attacks of September 11, 2001
In aftermath of the terrorist attacks in the USA of September 11, 2001 the concerns have been raised that the next time the terrorists could use the maritime transport facilities, especially in exclusive economic zone and in zone of high seas, where the vessels are under the exclusive jurisdiction of the flag state. However, in the international law there was no clear legal basis for the implementation of the counter-terrorism measures on these maritime spaces.
As basing documents for the carried out measures the resolutions of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) were named. One also mentioned certain provisions of such international conventions as UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, 1982, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 1968 etc. The Protocols 2005 to the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Maritime Navigation, 1988 and the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf, 1988 are often mentioned as a legitimizing basis for the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI) regarding the weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The Protocols were adopted after the launching of the PSI, however, these documents were ratified by a small amount of states. One also mentions in this regard the general concept of self-defense in accordance with Art. 51 UN Charter.
Keywords: terrorism at sea, resolutions of the UN Security Council, legitimacy, navigation, right of self-defense.
Work bibliographic list
1. Antipenko V. F. Mehanizm mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovanija bor'by s terrorizmom: Diss. d-ra jurid. nauk. — M., 2004.
2. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Uchebnik / Otv. red. E. T. Usenko, G. G. Shinkareckaja. — M.: Jurist", 2003.
3. Ádány T. V. Humanitarian intervention against states supporting terrorism // European Integration Studies. —2002. — # 11.
4. Cassese A. International law. — Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
5. Delvolvé P. Droit public de l’économie. — Paris: Dalloz, 1998.
6. Fassbender B. Die Vereinten Nationen und der internationale Terrorismus // MenschenRechtsZentrum der Universitaet Potsdam (Hrsg.) Die Vereinten Nationen und Regional organizationen vor aktuellen Herausforderungen, Potsdamer UNO-Konferenzen. Band 3. — Potsdam:Menschenrechtszentrum der Universitaet Potsdam, 2002.
7. Jacobsson M. Terrorism at sea // Mukherjee P. K. et al. (eds.) Maritime violence and other security issues at sea: the proceedings of the symposium on maritime violence and other security issues at sea. — Malmö: WMU, 2002. — X.
8. Looks V. Der Internationale Code für die Gefahrenabwehr auf Schiffen und in Hafenanlagen (ISPS Code) — rechtliche Fragestellungen. Die Schifffahrt im Visier des Terrors. Statement at the meeting of the Seerechtsverein. — 25 May 2004, Hamburg.
9. M e i s e r C . , B u t t l a r C . v o n . M i l i t a e r i s c h e Terrorismusbekaempfung unter dem Regime der UNCharta. — Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2005.



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INTERNATIONAL LAW
Borgoyakov A. S.
Standard of full protection and security in investment treaties
A host state’s obligation to guarantee protection and security of aliens and property of aliens appeared in treaties in the mid of 19th century. Now, the standard of full protection and security (FPS) has become a widespread standard of protection of the rights of foreign investors under the treaties for promotion and mutual protection of foreign investments. This article will focus on topical problems of interpretation of the FPS standard that cause a debate among scholars and practitioners, including relation of the FPS standard to the minimum standard of treatment of aliens under customary international law.
Keywords: foreign investor, investment treaty, standard of full protection and security.
Work bibliographic list

1. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Ucheb. dlja bakalavrov / Pod red. A. N. Vylegzhanina. — M.: Izd-vo Jurajt, 2012.
2. Dolzer R., Schreuer C. Principles of International Investment Law. — Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
3. Dugan C. F., Wallace Jr. D., Rubins N. D., Sabahi B. Investor-State Arbitration. — Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
4. Rubins N., Kinsella N. S. International Investment, Political Risk, and Dispute Resolution: A Practitioner's Guide. —New York: Oceana Publications, 2005.
5. Kläger R. «Fair and Equitable Treatment» in International Investment Law. — Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
6. Malik M. The Full Protection and Security Standard Comes of Age: Yet another challenge for states in investment treaty arbitration? // International Institute for Sustainable Development, 2011 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2011/full_protection.pdf
7. Mann F. A. British Treaties for the Promotion and Protection of Investments // The British Yearbook of International Law. — 1981. — Vol. 52 (1).
8. Schreuer C. Full Protection and Security // Journal of International Dispute Settlement. — 2010.
9. Schwebel S. M. The Influence of Bilateral Investment Treaties on Customary International Law // Proceedings of the 98th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law. — 2004. — Vol. 98.
10. Shihata I. F. I. The Treaty as a Law-Declaring and Custom Making Instrument // Revue Egyptienne de Droit International. — 1966. — Vol. 22.
11. Thomas J. C. Reflections on Article 1105 of NAFTA: History, State Practice and the Influence of Commentators // ICSID Review — Foreign Investment Law Journal. — 2002. — Vol. 17 (1),
12. Wälde T. W. Energy Charter Treaty-based Investment Arbitration // Journal of World Investment & Trade. — 2004. — Vol. 5.
13. Yannaca-Small C. Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard in International Investment Law // OECD Working Papers on International Investment. — 2004. — Vol. 2004/3 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.oecd.org/daf/inv/investment-policy/WP-2004_3.pdf
14. ADF Group Inc. v. United States of America, ICSID Case No. ARB (AF) /00/1 (Award of January 9, 2003) // ICSID Review — Foreign Investment Law Journal. — 2003. —Vol. 18.
15. American Manufacturing & Trading, Inc. v. Republic of Zaire, ICSID Case No. ARB/93/1 (Award of February 21, 1997) // ICSID Reports. — 2002. — Vol. 5.
16. Asian Agricultural Products Limited v. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, ICSID Case No. ARB/87/3 (Award of June 27, 1990) // ICSID Review — Foreign Investment Law Journal. — 1990. — Vol. 6.
17. Azurix Corp. v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/12 (Award of July 14, 2006) // ICSID Reports. — 2009. — Vol. 14.
18. CME Czech Republic B. V. (The Netherlands) v. The Czech Republic, UNCITRAL (Partial Award of September 13, 2001) // ICSID Reports, Vol. 9.
19. Elettronica Sicula SpA (ELSI) (United States of America v. Italy) (Judgment of July 20, 1989) // ICJ Reports, 1989.
20. Enron Creditors Recovery Corporation (formerly Enron Corporation) and Ponderosa Assets, LP v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/3 (Award of May 22, 2007) // Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.italaw.com/sites/ default/files/case-documents/ita0293.pdf
21. National Grid plc. v. The Argentine Republic, UNCITRAL (Award of November 3, 2008) // Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa:http://www.italaw.com/sites/default/files/case-documents/ita0555.pdf
22. Noble Ventures, Inc. v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/11 (Award of October 12, 2005) // Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.italaw.com/sites/default/files/casedocuments/ita0565.pdf
23. North Sea Continental Shelf (Federal Republic of Germany/ Denmark; Federal Republic of Germany/Netherlands) (Judgment of February 20, 1969) // ICJ Reports, 1969.
24. PSEG Global Inc. and Konya Ilgin Elektrik Üretim ve Ticaret Limited Sirketi v. Republic of Turkey, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/5 (Award of January 19, 2007) // Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://italaw.com/documents/PSEGGlobal-Turkey-
Award.pdf
25. Rumeli Telekom A. S. and Telsim Mobil Telekomunikasyon Hizmetleri A. S. v. Republic of Kazakhstan, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/16 (Award of July 29, 2008) // Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://italaw.com/sites/default/files/case-documents/ita0728.pdf
26. Neer & Neer v. Mexico (Opinion of October 15, 1926) //American Journal of International Law. — 1927. — Vol. 21 (3).
27. Saluka Investments B. V. (The Netherlands) v. The Czech Republic, UNCITRAL (Partial Award of March 17, 2006) //Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://italaw.com/sites/default/files/casedocuments/ita0740.pdf
28. Sempra Energy International v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/16 (Award of September 28, 2007) //Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. —Rezhim dostupa: http://www.italaw.com/sites/default/files/case-documents/ita0770.pdf
29. Técnicas Medioambientales Tecmed, S.A. v. United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB (AF) /00/2 (Award of May 29, 2003) // Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://italaw.com/documents/Tecnicas_001.pdf
30. Wena Hotels Limited v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/98/4 (Award of December 8, 2000) //International Legal Materials. — 2002. — Vol. 41. — P. 896.
31. Dogovor k Jenergeticheskoj hartii // Jenergeticheskaja hartija [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www. encharter.org/fileadmin/user_upload/document/RU.pdf
32. Soglashenie mezhdu Pravitel'stvom Rossijskoj Federacii i Pravitel'stvom Respubliki Indii o pooshhrenii i vzaimnoj zashhite kapitalovlozhenij (N'ju Deli, 23 dekabrja 1994 g.) // Ministry of Finance, Government of India [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://finmin.nic.in/bipa/Russian%20Federation.pdf
33. Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (February 13, 1980) [Jelektronnyj resurs] / UNCTAD. —Rezhimdostupa: http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/ Download/TreatyFile/2293
34. Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (August 1, 2002)// Asean Briefing (18.11.2014).
35. Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Republic of Argentina for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (December 11, 1990) // Arbitration Law [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://arbitrationlaw.com/files/free_pdfs/uk-argentina_bit.pdf
36. Agreement on encouragement and reciprocal protection of investments between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (April 29, 1991) [Jelektronnyj resurs] / UNCTAD. — Rezhim dostupa: http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/Download/TreatyFile/968
37. Canadian Model Treaty for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (2004) // Investment Treaty Arbitration [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://italaw.com/documents/Canadian2004-FIPA-model-en.pdf
38. North American Free Trade Agreement, International Legal Materials. — 1993. — Vol. 32.
39. Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation between Argentina and the United States (July 27, 1853) // Yale Law School [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http:// avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/argen02.asp
40. US Model Bilateral Investment Treaty (2012) // Office of the United States Trade Representative [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ustr.gov/sites/default/files/BIT%20text%20for%20ACIEP%20Meeting.pdf
41. International Law Commission, Yearbook of the International Law Commission 1960: Documents of the twelfth session including the report of the Commission to the General Assembly. — New York: United Nations, 1961. — Vol. II [Jelektronnyj resurs] / United Nations. — Rezhim dostupa:



alt
INTERNATIONAL LAW
Ignatiev V. V.
Political and legal bases of peacekeeping operation on the Dniester
This article analyzes the political and legal grounds of trilateral peacekeeping operation on the Dniester, functioning from July 1992 to the present time. Special attention is paid to the review of the background of the peacekeeping mission. The contents and specifics of contract and legal base of operation, including in comparison to the international bases and practice of carrying out similar missions is investigated. The author comes to conclusion on accordance of the peacekeeping mission on the Dniester to the universal principles of international peacekeeping operations.
Keywords: armed conflict, peacekeeping operation, agreement, Joint Control Commission (JCC), the Security Zone (SZ), Joint Peacekeeping Forces (JPF).
Work bibliographic list
1. Aktual'nye voprosy vneshnej politiki Pridnestrov'ja (Mirotvorcheskaja operacija na Dnestre) / Pod red. V. V. Ignat'eva. — Tiraspol': B. i. (GUIPP «Bender. tip. «Poligrafist»). — Vyp. 2. — 2014.
2. Sm.: Bondarenko A. V. Interv'ju s E. V. Shevchukom «Sil'naja Rossija — zalog regional'noj stabil'nosti i bezopasnosti» // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. — 2014. — # 7 (74). — S. 8–10.
3. Brjuno P. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i nezavisimost' Pridnestrov'ja. — g. Bendery: Poligrafist, 2007.
4. Zaemskij V. F. OON i mirotvorchestvo. Kurs lekcij. — M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2008.
5. Ignat'ev V. V. Mirotvorcheskij potencial OON i vozmozhnosti ego ispol'zovanija na postsovetskom prostranstve // «Diplomaticheskij vestnik Pridnestrov'ja». — Sentjabr' 2010 g. — # 1 [Jelektronnyj resurs] Rezhim dostupa: http://vestnik.mfa-pmr.org/index.php?newsid=22
6. Ignat'ev V. V. Pridnestrovskaja gosudarstvennost': sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy / Postsovetskaja transformacija politicheskih sistem novyh nezavisimyh gosudarstv: materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauch-prakt. konf. (Moskva, 25 nojabrja 2011 g.) / Red. V. G. Egorov. — M.: Izd-vo MGOU, 2012.
7. Istorija Pridnestrovskoj Moldavskoj Respubliki. —T. 2, ch. II. — Tiraspol': RIO PGU, 2001.
8. Oficial'nyj sajt delegacii Pridnestrov'ja v OKK [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.okk-pridnestrovie.org/p0251.htm
9. Peregovornyj process mezhdu Pridnestrovskoj Moldavskoj Respublikoj i Respublikoj Moldova v dokumentah. Izd. 2-e, pererab. i dopoln. / Pod red. N. V. Shtanski — g. Bendery: Poligrafist, 2014.
10. Farhutdinov I.Z Interv'ju s Shtanski N. V. Pridnestrov'e — forpost russkogo mira // // Evra-zijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. — 2014. — # 10 (77). — S. 8–11.
11. Ignatiev V. The Moldo-Pridnestrovian Region as an Area of Constructive International Cooperation, Policy Brief, 2012 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: https://cens. ceu.hu/publications/ignatiev/2012/31538




INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Kutafin D. O.
Legal aspects of execution of the trans-Saharan pipeline project
This article examines the prospects for the development of gas supply system for the European Union, including through the use of energy resources of the African continent. The current situation of energy transit in Africa is considered. Particular attention the author pays to the analysis of topical issues related to execution of the Trans-Saharan pipeline project, reveals its economic feasibility and the legal aspects of activity; comes to the conclusion that it is the policy of the governments of African countries related to resolution of potential problems concerning transit, MEND terrorist activities, corruption, lack of legal framework in the oil and gas industry, as well as lack of compliance with international standards for the extractive industries, that the implementation of this project depends on.
Keywords: transit of energy sources, gas conflict, power, pipeline, energy sources, gas crisis, FEC, Trans-Saharan pipeline, transit problems.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gudkov A. V Evrope zapreshhajut dorogoj gaz // Kommersant. — 2010. — # 52 (4352). — 26 marta.
2. Petrova N. Gazprom i molnii // Kommersant-den'gi. —2012. — # 36 (893). — 10 sentjabrja.
3. Abdalla, Muna. Understanding of the natural resource conflict dynamics: The case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel // ISS Paper 194. — August 2009.
4. Auge B. Le Trans Saharan Gas Pipeline. Mirage ou réelle opportunité? // 2010, Ifri.
5. Bilgin, Mert. Scenarios on European energy security: Outcomes of natural gas strategy in 2020 // Futures. —2011. — Vol. 43. — No. 10.
6. Darbouche H. Russian-Algerian cooperation and the «gas OPEC”: What’s in the pipeline? // CEPS Policy Briefs. —2007. — Vol. 112. — # 1.
7. Keenan J. Uranium Goes Critical in Niger: Tuareg Rebellions Threaten Sahelian Conflagration // Review of African Political Economy. — 2008. — Vol. 35. — # 117.
8. Odumugbo Ch. Natural gas utilisation in Nigeria: Challenges and opportunities // Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. — 2010. — Vol. 2. — # 6.
9. Onyeukwu, Humphrey. Nigerian gas master plan and policy: Is it a constrained energy policy? — London:Routledge, 2009.
10. Reymond, Mathias. European key issues concerning natural gas: Dependence and vulnerability // Energy Policy. — 2007. — Vol. 35. — # 8.
11. Yousfi, Mohamed. Trans-Saharan Gas Pipeline Project (TSGP) — Road Map For Success. 18th World Petroleum Congress, 25–29 September, 2013 Johannesburg, South Africa.
12. Bertelsmann Stiftung Niger Country Report 2010 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.btiproject.org



alt
INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Kashaev N. H.
Legal aspects of implementing the innovative potential of Russian enterprises in conditions of WTO
The article considers the problems of legal protection of intellectual property under WTO rules being especially important for the formation in Russia of a system of competitive, cost-effective, innovative and socially responsible enterprises capable of sustainable economic growth and modernization of the Russian economy. Special attention is paid to the complex nature of the legal protection of innovation in the framework of WTO rules including multilateral and multilevel patent is a legal protection that significantly reduces the possibility of potential violators.
Keywords: innovative economy, intellectual property, Agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights.
Work bibliographic list

1. Djumulen I. I. Mezhdunarodnaja torgovlja. Jekonomika, politika, praktika. — M.: VAVT, 2010.
2. Djumulen I. I. Vsemirnaja torgovaja organizacija. Jekonomika, politika, pravo. — M.: VAVT, 2012.
3. Karpuhina S. I. Zashhita intellektual'noj sobstvennosti i patentovedenie. — M.: Centr jekonomiki i marketinga, 2002.
4. Kashaev N. H., Ahmetov A. A. Vlijanie patentnyh trollej na jekonomicheskoe razvitie // Jekonomika i upravlenie: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. — 2010. — # 6 (98).
5. Krymova S. Avtory v avtoritete // Poisk. — 2012. — # 18 (1196). — 4 maja.
6. Prilozhenie 1S k Soglasheniju ob utverzhdenii VTO:Soglashenie po torgovym aspektam prav intellektual'noj sobstvennosti [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa: http://www.wto.ru/documents.asp?f=sogl&t=13 (data poseshhenija: 15.11.2014 g.).
7. Sajt Vsemirnoj Torgovoj Organizacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. — Rezhim dostupa:
8. Sajt Vsemirnoj Torgovoj Organizacii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. —Rezhim dostupa: http://www.wto.org/english/docs_e/legal_e/27-trips_01_e.htm (data poseshhenija: 15.11.2014 g.).
   

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Ирина Анатольевна Умнова (Конюхова) Зав. отделом конституционно-правовых исследований Российского государственного университета правосудия


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