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SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES № 7 (86) 2015 - 4

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HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kryuchkov R. A.
From sin and taboo to Roman law: the history of the development of risk phenomena
The author explores the history of the formation of the institute of risk in law, refers to the ancient
methods of fixation of the risk phenomena in the legal monuments and development of this institution in Roman law, and later in medieval jurisprudence. Three ways of regulating risks in the norms of the Roman law developed in the following centuries are addressed with more detail, such as рericulum, aleatory transactions and praesumtio existing in modern legal practice.
Keywords: рericulum, aleatory transactions, praesumtio, case, risk, risk management.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baron Ju. Sistema rimskogo grazhdanskogo prava. Kn.IV. – SPb., 1910.
2. Beznosova Ja. V. «Greh» i «prestuplenie» kak peresekajushhiesja ponjatija v normativnyh istochnikah drevnej Indii // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. – 2015.– # 3. – Ch. 1.
3. Beznosova Ja. V., Kondrat'eva A. N., Romanovskaja V. B., Fedjushkina A. I. Religioznoe pravo i lichnaja zhizn' cheloveka v zapadnoj i vostochnoj tradicijah (na primere kanonicheskogo prava katolicheskoj cerkvi i indusskih dharmashastr) // Juridicheskaja nauka i praktika: Vestnik Nizhegorodskoj akademii MVD Rossii. – 2015. – # 1.
4. Braginskij M. I., Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Obshhie polozhenija. – 3-e izd., stereotipnoe. – M.: Statut, 2001. – Kn. 1.
5. Braginskij M. I., Vitrjanskij V. V. Dogovornoe pravo. Dogovory o vypolnenii rabot i okazanii uslug. Izd. ispr. i dop. – M.: Statut, 2002. – Kn. 3.
6. Digesty Justiniana / Otv. red. L. L. Kofanov. — M.: Statut, 2006.
7. Dormidontov G. F. Klassifikacija javlenij juridicheskogo byta, otnosimyh k sluchajam primenenija fikcij. – Kazan': Tipo-litografija Imperatorskogo Universiteta, 1895.
8. Duglas M. Risk kak sudebnyj mehanizm / Per. A. D. Kovaleva // THESIS. – 1994. – # 5.
9. Dydynskij F. M. Latinsko-russkij slovar' k istochnikam rimskogo prava: Po izd. 1896 g. – M.: Spark, 1998.
10. Kondrat'eva A. N. Sootnoshenie ponjatij «greh» i «prestuplenie» v srednevekovom kanonicheskom prave Zapadnoj Evrope // Vestnik Kostromskogo Gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. N.A. Nekrasova. –2014. – # 6.
11. Krjuchkov R. A., Sal'nikov V. P., Romanovskaja V. B., Sal'nikov M. V. Ponjatie riska v filosofsko-pravovom izmerenii v period Novogo i Novejshego vremeni // Mir politiki i sociologii. – 2014. – # 10.
12. Krjuchkov R. A., Sal'nikov V. P., Romanovskaja V. B., Sal'nikov M. V. Rok, risk, pravo i jekonomika: nachalo istorii otnoshenij // Pravovoe pole sovremennoj jekonomiki. – 2013.– # 11.
13. Louvi T. Risk i pravo v istorii amerikanskogo gosudarstva // THESIS. – 1994. – Vyp. 5.
14. Luman N. Ponjatie riska // THESIS. – 1994. – Vyp. 5.
15. Rajzberg B. A., Lozovskij L. Sh., Starodubceva E. B. Sovremennyj jekonomicheskij slovar'. — 2-e izd., ispr. – M.: INFRA-M. – 1999.
16. Rajher V. K. Obshhestvenno-istoricheskie tipy strahovanija / Otv. red.: Agarkov M. M. – M., L.: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1947.
17. Romanovskaja V. B., Kvachadze O. B. Regulirovanie torgovyh otnoshenij v gorodskom prave Zapadnoj Evropy XI-XII vv. // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N. I. Lobachevskogo. – 2010. – # 2-1.
18. Romanovskaja V. B., Romanovskaja L. R. Jevoljucija prava ot sakralizacii k sekuljarizacii // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo. – 2014.
– # 3-2.
19. Hudjakov A. I. Teorija strahovanija. – M.: Statut, 2010.
20. Shershenevich G. F. Kurs torgovogo prava. T. II: Tovar. Torgovye sdelki. – M.: Statut, 2003.

 
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HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Abdulazizova P. G.
The Law Code of 1497 as the main source of Russian law in the XV century
The main content of the research is the analysis of materials of the law code of 1497, which is the
main source of Russian law in ХV century. The characteristics of Russian law of XV century interpretation are analyzed.
Keywords: the law code of 1497, the formation of Russian law, forms, laws, private acts, forms of land ownership barony, patrimony.
Work bibliographic list
1. Azizova P. M. Mesto discipliny «istorija gosudarstva i prava Rossii» v sisteme juridicheskih nauk // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2015. # 5 (84). S. 128.
2. Azizova P. M., Musaeva A.G. Struktura sovremennoj pravovoj sistemy rossijskoj federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2015. # 6 (85). S. 148.
3. Isaev I. A. Istorija gosudarstva i prava Rossii. —M., 2006.
4. Kljuchevskij V. O. Russkaja istorija. Polnyj kurs lekcij. — M., 1993.
5. Rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo X-XX vekov. — M., 1985. — T. 2. (tekst sudebnika s kommentarijami).

 
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HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Azizov
а P. M.
Historical aspects of the development and adoption of the Bill of Rights
The article considers historical aspects of the development and adoption of the Bill of Rights —
first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which enshrine the fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen.
Keywords: bill of rights, U.S. Constitution, amendments, civil law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vseobshhaja istorija gosudarstva i prava / Pod red. K.I. Batyra. – M., 1995.
2. Isaev I.A. Istorija gosudarstva i prava Rossii: Uchebnik. – M. – Jurist", 1999. – 608s.
3. Istorija gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnyh stran: Uchebnik dlja vuzov. Chast' 2/Pod obshh. red. Krasheninnikovoj N.A., Zhidkova O.A. – M.: NORMA-INFRA • M, 1998.

 
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HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Altunin V. S.
Legal background of administrative and legal activities of police in the Russian Empire at low level during the XVIII–XIX centuries
This paper discusses the development of the Russian police in different areas. The main focus of research is made on the legal basis of this development. Initially, the function of the police were extensive: from assistance in obtaining loans to fight fires in the villages and at the same time the direction of law enforcement was considered a major, but personnel of the unit was small and could not fully perform their functions. To compensate for this shortcoming it was decided to use the free citizens on an elective basis to perform police duties.
Keywords: police, a district police captain, prison warden, a district police, the police captain, district superintendent of police, constable.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borisov A. V., Sizikov M. I., Skripilev A. E. Istorija policii Rossii (1718–1917 gg.). – M., 1992.
2. Vremennye pravila ob ustrojstve policii v gorodah i uezdah gubernij, po obshhemu uchrezhdeniju upravljaemyh. 25 dekabrja 1862 g. // PSZ. Sobr.2. – T. XXXVII.– Otd. 2. – # 39087.
3. Derjuzhinskij V. F. Policejskoe pravo. – SPb., 1903.
4. Evseev I. V. Pravoohranitel'nye organy i ih vzaimootnoshenija s grazhdanami Rossii // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie: Rossijskaja Federacija v sovremennom mire. HII Mezhdunarodnaja konferencija fakul'teta gosudarstvennogo upravlenija MGU imeni M. V. Lomonosova, 29–31 maja 2014 g.: Materialy. – M.:Infra-M, 2015.
5. Elistratov A. I. Osnovnye nachala administrativnogo prava. – M., 1917.
6. Eroshkin N. P. Ocherki istorii gosudarstvennyh uchrezhdenij v dorevoljucionnoj Rossii. – M., 1960.
7. Instrukcii ili nakaz voevodam, Instrukcija ili nakaz zemskim komissaram v gubernijah i provincijah. // PSZ. Sobr. 1. – T. V. – # 3294, # 3295.
8. Loranskij A. M. Kratkij istoricheskij ocherk administrativnyh uchrezhdenij gornogo vedomstva v Rossii. 1700–1900 gg. – SPb., 1900.
9. Masalimov A. S. Organizacionno-pravovaja struktura gorodskoj policii Ufimskoj gubernii // Vestnik VJeGU. – 2012. – # 1 (57).
10. Mulukaev R. S. Policija V Rossii (IX – nach. XX vv.). –N. Novgorod, 1993.
11. Organy i vojska MVD Rossii: kratkij istoricheskij ocherk. – M, 1996.
12. Osnovnye nachala administrativnogo prava / Elistratov A. I., prof. Mosk. un-ta. – 2-e izd., ispr. I dop. – M.: G. A. Leman i S. I. Saharov, 1917.
13. PSZ. – T. XXIX. – # 22102.
14. PSZ. – T. XXVII. – # 20406.
15. Sbornik uzakonenij i rasporjazhenij pravitel'stva, kasajushhihsja objazannostej policii. – M.: [b. i.], 1880.
16. Solovej Ju. L. Pravovoe regulirovanie dejatel'nosti milicii v Rossijskoj Federacii. – Omsk, 1993.
17. Trockij K. M. Tret'e otdelenie pri Nikolae I. – L., 1990.
18. Shelkopljas V. A. Policejskaja reforma v Rossii v 60-h gg. XIX v. – Minsk, 1981.
19. Shtof A. Gornoe pravo. Sravnitel'noe izlozhenie gornyh zakonov, dejstvujushhih v Rossii i glavnyh gornopromyshlennyh gosudarstv. – SPb., 1896;
20. Jenciklopedicheskij slovar' F. A. Brokgauza i I. A. Efrona. — SPb.: Brokgauz-Efron, 1890—1907.
21. Janovskij A. E. Gornaja policija: Jencikl. slov. Brok-gauza-Jefrona, 1898.

 
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HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Evseev I. V.
Historical development of Magnitogorsk prison in the period of Soviet industrialization
The article deals with the issue of forming a single institution of criminal punishment – Magnitogorsk prison, which was the epitome of Soviet industrialization. It turned out that the local prison was built according to the plans and the desire of the authorities at the construction site of the future Magnitogorsk plant. Magnitogorsk prison was designed by the Chief prison administration as early as 1905, but was completed only under the Soviet regime on 23 October 1935. The prison became the center of the Southern branch of corrective labor institutions of the UNKVD and later the Ministry of Internal Affairs on the basis of which there were camps and trips, and later correctional labor colony, pretrial detention center and special hospital.
Keywords: detention room, prison, detention facility, the Southern bush corrective labor institution.
Work bibliographic list
1. Prikaz UNKVD Cheljabinskoj oblasti # 417 ot 13.10.1935g. Arhiv uchrezhdenija GUFSIN Rossii po Cheljabinskoj oblasti SIZO # 2. F. 1., Op. 1, D. 3, L. 7.
2. Plan jelektrifikacii RSFSR. – Gospolitizdat, Izd. 2-e, 1955.
3. Torgovo-promyshlennaja gazeta. – 1926. – 19 janvarja.
4. Cheljabinska oblast' 1917– 1945 gg.: sb. dok. i materialov.– Cheljabinsk, 1988.
5. Gosudarstvennyj arhiv Sverdlovskoj oblasti (GASO). F. 88, Op. 1, D. 2942, L. 188.
6. GASO. F. 88, Op. 1, D. 2942, L. 188.
7. Goncharov G. A. Trudovaja armija na Urale v gody Velikoj Otechestvennoj vojny. – Cheljabinsk: Izd-vo Cheljab. gos. un-ta, 2006.
8. GASO. F. 88, Op.1, D. 51, L. 91.
9. RGAJe. F. 9414. Op. 1, D. 1944, L. 17-25.
10. CGAOR, F. 1235, Op. 1, D. 8, L. 109-111.
11. Prikaz nachal'nika Magnitogorskoj tjur'my # 203 ot 27.07 1936. Arhiv uchrezhdenija GUFSIN Rossii po Cheljabinskoj oblasti SIZO #2. F.1., Op.1, D.3, L.23.
12. Prikaz nachal'nika UNKVD po Cheljabinskoj oblasti #110 ot 01 ijulja 1936g. Arhiv uchrezhdenija GUFSIN Rossii po Cheljabinskoj oblasti SIZO-2. F.1, Op.1, D.4, L.21.
13. Prikaz nachal'nika UNKVD po Cheljabinskoj oblasti # 36.06.1936g. ob organizacii Sinarskoj ITK s limitom 1000 chelovek. Arhiv uchrezhdenija SI– 2, F. 1, Op. 1, D. 4, L. 11.
14. Skott D. Za Uralom. Amerikanskij rabochij v russkom gorode stali. – M.: Iz-vo Moskovskogo universiteta, 1991.

 
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HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Saidova M. Z.
Andian adats and system of punishments according to them
An attempt to appeal to adats (to the customs) of one of ancient people of Daghestan – Andians
and show that many ages ago established customary law of highlanders occupied an important place in resolvation of educative, moral and legal tasks is undertaken in the article. During the long time there adats, as an aggregate customs and folk legal practice in various spheres of property, domestic relations etc., along with the laws of Sharia played the structural role in Daghestan society.
Keywords: adat, shariat, Andians, dzhamaat, maslaat, blood feud, punishments.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aglarov M.A. Andijcy. Mahachkala, 2002.
2. Tarih Andi // Rukopisnyj fond IIAJe DNC RAN. F.5. Op 1. # 365.
3. Hrestomatija po istorii prava i gosudarstva Dagestana v XVIII-XIX vv. Mahachkala, 1999.

 
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Khanmurzaev R. B.


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Ibaev R. K.
 
HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW
Khanmurzaev R. B., Ibaev R. K.
Stages of development of the Soviet legislation
The article is devoted to problems of formation of the Soviet legislation. The peculiarities of the
Soviet legal system of the twentieth century are outlined. The characteristic of each stage of the formation of this legislation is given.
Keywords: USSR, legal norm, legal framework, political system, public administration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Istorija gosudarstva i prava Rossii. Uchebnik/ Podred. Ju. P. Titova. M., 1999.
2. Istorija gosudarstva i prava SSSR / Pod red. G.S. Kalinina, G. V. Shvekova. M., 1981.
3. Musaeva A. G. Stanovlenie instituta sudebnoj vlasti v Dagestane vo vtoroj polovine HIH– nachala HH v.// Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. 2015. # 1. S. 1907.
4. Musaeva A. G. Osobennosti obshhestvennogo razvitija Dagestana v HH-nachale HH vekov // Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovanija. 2015. # 1. S. 1639.
5. Azizova P. M. Disciplina «istorija otechestvennogo gosudarstva i prava» v sisteme obshhestvennyh i juridicheskih disciplin // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2015. # 6 (85). S. 172.
6. Azizova P. M., Musaeva A. G. Struktura sovremennoj pravovoj sistemy Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2015. # 6 (85). S. 148.

 
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Zaytseva E. R.
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Panchenko V. Yu.
 
CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Zaytseva E. R., Panchenko V. Yu.
Formation of legal space for unobstructed implementation of constitutional rights
The article investigates the question of identification of the normative legal barriers to the implementation of rights and legitimate interests, which are caused by the establishment of defective, deformed models of behavior, set in formal sources of law. The authors come to conclusions that the normative legal barriers are represented by: extreme uncertainty (ambiguity) of the legal rules content, violating the fundamental basis of the legal system, i.e. the principal of legal certainty; clear legal rules, which do not meet particular criteria; both absolute and relative gaps in law, existing due to the absence of legal rules that regulate the process of implementation of rights, freedoms, legitimate interests, etc. The normative legal barriers, being the groundless difficulties in the implementation of constitutional rights and legitimate interests, included in law itself, have exceptionally legal nature. The reasons of their occurrence are hidden in law, so that they could be removed only with the help of legal instruments, particularly with the legal guarantees, which are the paired legal category to the normative legal barriers themselves. The dealing with the legal barriers should cover the whole process of lawmaking, implementation of rights as well as law enforcement, and lead to the formation of the legal space of unobstructed implementation of constitutional rights and freedoms. The process of the formation of such legal space must be considered as the system of connected and successive stages: forecasting, which is possible and necessary during the lawmaking activity and implies the analysis of all the reasons causing the normative legal barriers occurrence; prevention, also taking place during lawmaking and requiring maximal detailed description of the whole process of the implementation of constitutional rights; neutralization that basically means correcting of lawmaker`s mistakes, needed to minimize the negative influence of legal barriers to the implementation of constitutional rights and freedoms; elimination, which supposes amending of the laws. Each stage of such dealing with the normative legal barriers may have different forms and methods.
Keywords: legal barriers to implementation of rights and legitimate interests, constitutional rights, legal guarantees, paired legal categories, legal space, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vlasenko N. A. Kollizionnye normy v sovetskom prave. – Irkutsk: Izd-vo Irkut. un-ta, 1984.
2. Voevodin L. D. Juridicheskij status lichnosti v Rossii: Ucheb. posobie. – M.: Izd-vo MGU, INFRA-M-NORMA, 1997.
3. Zajceva E. R., Panchenko V. Ju. Prichiny vozniknovenija normativnyh juridicheskih prepjatstvij v realizacii konstitucionnyh prav i svobod lichnosti v Rossijskoj Federacii // Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie. Voprosy teorii i praktiki. – 2014. – # 12-2 (50).
4. Kolesnichenko A. Nomer ne projdet // Novye izvestija. – 2013. – 8 janvarja.
5. O vosstanovlenii i zashhite sberezhenij grazhdan Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon ot 10 maja 1995 g. # 73-FZ // Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
6. Ob obshhih principah organizacii zakonodatel'nyh (predstavitel'nyh) i ispolnitel'nyh organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon ot 6 oktjabrja 1999 g.# 184-FZ // Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy
«Konsul'tantPljus».
7. Ob obshhih principah organizacii i dejatel'nosti kontrol'no-schetnyh organov sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii i municipal'nyh obrazovanij: federal'nyj zakon ot 7 fevralja 2011 g. # 6-FZ // Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
8. Ob obshhih principah organizacii mestnogo samo- upravlenija v Rossijskoj Federacii: federal'nyj zakon ot 6 oktjabrja 2003 g. # 131-FZ // Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tantPljus».
9. Panchenko V. Ju. O ponjatii juridicheskih prepjatstvij v realizacii i zashhite prav i zakonnyh interesov // Akademicheskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2013. –# 3.
10. Panchenko V. Ju. Principy pravovogo regulirovanija kak sredstvo obespechenija besprobel'nosti prava // Probely v rossijskom zakonodatel'stve. –2012. –# 1.
11. Tihonravov E. Ju. Sposoby vospolnenija probelov v zakonodatel'stve: voprosy teorii i istorii: Avto-ref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. –M., 2013.
12. Fuller L. Moral' prava. –M.: IRISJeN, 2008.
13. Shafirov V. M. Problema probelov v prave i sovremennoe (integrativnoe) pravoponimanie // Rossijskoe pravosudie. –2012. –# 10.
14. Shmagin A. Osnovy nemeckoj metodiki tolkovanija prava // Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava. –2012. –# 4.
   
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по проблемам глобальной и региональной безопасности и общественного мнения в рамках международной конференции в Дипломатической академии МИД России

ЕВРОПЕЙСКОЕ ПРАВО

ЛУКА Элли - доктор юридических наук, президент Альфабэтикс Дивелопмент энд Инвестмент, Принстон (США). Афины (Греция).



№ 1 (92) 2016
Глубокая деформация Европы: легитимность Европейского Союза после еврокризиса (перевод Должикова А.В.)
Элли Лука – основатель Альфабетикс (www.alphabetics.info), консалтинговой компании, расположенной в Принстоне, Нью-Джерси, работала со странами и компаниями по проблемам международного права. Лука была стипендиатом программы им. Марии Кюри, степендиатом фонда Форда и старшим научным сотрудником в Центре международного права прав человека им. Орвилла Х. Шелла, младшего в Йельской школе права. Тематика публикаций:ядерное оружие, справедливость и право; водное право и политика: управление без границ и международное экологическое право: справедливость, эффективность и мировой порядок.

The Deep Deformation of Europe. The Legitimacy of the European Union after the Euro Crisis by Elli Louka

The Deep Deformation of Europe. Economic Conflict in the European Union by Elli Louka

ЕС Трансформация. Элли Лука. Перевод Должикова

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МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЕ ПРАВО
«Нескончаемая дискуссия о международной правосубъектности индивидов»
Выходит в №1 (92) 2016 Евразийского юридического журнала

Можно отметить, что среди российских специалистов в области международного права чаще появляются сторонники точки зрения, что индивид становится субъектом международного права. Есть мнение, что индивид является субъектом международного права, имеющим «специфический» характер. Существует взгляд, что международное право может регулировать отношения между частными лицами, но это почему-то не превращает их в субъектов международного права. Сформулирована концепция о том, что индивид может быть субъектом только трансграничных отношений, но это не препятствует прямому действию норм международного договора на индивидов. Эти взгляды противоречат тому, что международное право объективно регулирует только межгосударственные отношения.
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Дорога мира Вьетнама и России

Ирина Анатольевна Умнова (Конюхова) Зав. отделом конституционно-правовых исследований Российского государственного университета правосудия


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Образ жизни Вьетнама
Лицом к народу
Красота по-вьетнамски
Справедливость и патриотизм Вьетнама
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