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SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES №  12 (91) 2015 - 2




 
INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Kudinov
 A.S.
Is there a future for the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission?
The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission is a permanent international body, which is responsible for enquiries of serious violations of international humanitarian law and good offices to conflicting parties. In spite of high potential and more than twenty-years history of this organ it remains inactive. The author is of opinion, that the reason of the inactivity is the contradiction between the Commission’s aim and its legal characteristics. The future of the Commission as an effective mechanism of international humanitarian law enforcement is possible to the extent that the contradiction is resolved.
Keywords: fact-finding, International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission, international enquiry, enforcement of international law, international humanitarian law, settlement of international disputes.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dopolnitel'nyj protokol k Zhenevskim konvencijam ot 12 avgusta 1949 goda, kasajushhijsja zashhity zhertv mezhdunarodnyh vooruzhennyh konfliktov (podpisan v g. Zheneve 08.06.1977) // Dejstvujushhee mezhdunarodnoe pravo. T. 2. M.: Moskovskij nezavisimyj institut mezhdunarodnogo prava, 1997.
2. Lukashuk I. I. Funkcionirovanie mezhdunarodnogo prava. M.: Nauka, 1992.
3. Reglament Mezhdunarodnoj gumanitarnoj komissii po ustanovleniju faktov (Rules of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission) [Jelektronnyj resurs] // The International humanitarian fact-fi nding commission [Offi cial website]. Rezhim dostupa: htt p://
www.ihff c.org/index.asp?page=rules_of_commission
4. Cassesse A. Fostering increased conformity with international standards: monitoring and institutional factfinding// Realizing Utopia: The Future of International Law / ed. A. Cassese, Oxford University Press, 2012.
5. Compliance with International Humanitarian Law: The International Humanitarian Fact-finding Commission //Criminal Law Forum. 1996. Vol. 7. # 2.
6. de Preux J. Article 90 International Fact-Finding Commission // Commentary on the Additional Protocols of 8 June 1977 to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 / ed. Y. Sandoz, C. Swinarski, B. Zimmermann, International Committee of the Red Cross and Martinus Nijhoff, 1987.
7. Garraway C. Fact-finding and the International humanitarian fact-finding commission // Quality
Control in Fact-Finding / ed. M. Bergsmo, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2013.
8. Kalshoven F. The International humanitarian factfinding commission: a sleeping beauty? // Humanitäresn Völkerrecht – Informationsschriften. 2002. Vol. 4.
9. Kussbach E. The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission // International and Comparative Law Quarterly. 1994. Vol. 43. # 1.
10. Mokhtar A. Will this mummification saga come to an end? The International humanitarian fact-finding commission: article 90 of Protocol 1 // Pennsylvania State International Law Review. 2003. Vol. 22. # 2.

  
 
INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Teplyakov
D.O.
The role of the volunteer movement in international humanitarian cooperation in the framework of implementation of foreign policy concept of the Russian Federation
This article was prepared at the expense of the RGNF grant No. 15-03-00626 "The access of citizens and organizations to the implementation of Russian foreign policy towards the Northern countries." The article describes the role of the Olympic volunteer movement in the implementation of foreign policy of the Russian Federation. A special place is given to consideration of the involvement of volunteers in creating a positive image of Russia, as well as volunteering as a tool of public diplomacy.
Keywords: the volunteerism, public participation in international relations, the right to take part in the conduct of public affairs.
Work bibliographic list
1. Koncepcija vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii (utverzhdena Prezidentom Rossijskoj Federacii 12 fevralja 2013 g.) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/news/785
2. Medvedeva N. N. Vneshnepoliticheskij imidzh Rossii v kontekste razvitija otnoshenij s Evropejskim Sojuzom: diss. … kand. polit. nauk // [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: //dlib.rsl.ru/rsl01003000000/rsl01003504000/rsl01003504107/rsl01003504107.pdf
3. Rudakova A. Je. Reputacionnyj kapital rossijskogo gosudarstva – olimpijskij vklad. // Vestnik Universiteta (Gosudarstvennyj universitet upravlenija).2014. # 16.
4. Navojceva L. V. Volontjorstvo v olimpijskom dvizhenii //Aktual'nye voprosy fizicheskogo vospitanija studentov: materialy Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem (10 marta 2015 g.). SPb.: SPbGIKiT; Izdatel'stvo «Art-Jekspress», 2015.
5. Zarubezhnaja i rossijskaja praktika instituta volonterstva [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: URL://ru.convdocs.org/docs/index-143517.html
6. Putin v Sochi obsudil s korolem i korolevoj Niderlandov organizaciju OI [Jelektronnyj resurs] // RIA Novosti. Rezhim dostupa: http://ria.ru/sochi2014/20140209/993997619.html#ixzz3umDAUjUs




Abakarova R.Sh.

Zalibekova D.Z.

INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Abakarova R.Sh.,Zalibekova D.Z.
Avoidance of double taxation in international cooperation
Agreements on avoidance of double taxation are an integral part of the system of regulation of interstate economic relations.
The article explores the role of agreements on avoidance of double taxation, which they play in the elimination of international double taxation and prevention of tax evasion.
The cause of international double taxation is the difference between tax legislations of two or more countries. Its presence is a major challenge for organizations operating abroad. It is proposed to develop international law in order to minimize the negative impact of the international double taxation.
Keywords: agreement on avoidance of double taxation, tax jurisdiction, avoidance of taxation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Grigor'ev A. S. Konstrukcija nalogovogo objazatel'stvennogo pravootnoshenija i problemy ustranenija mezhdunarodnogo dvojnogo nalogooblozhenija // Rossijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2011. # 5.
2. Zalibekova D. Z. Aspekty mezhdunarodnogo dvojnogo nalogooblozhenija // Nauka i biznes: Puti razvitija.2014. # 11(41).
3. Veremeeva O. V. Pravovoe regulirovanie dvojnogo nalogooblozhenija: osnovnye problemy i podhody k ih resheniju // Gosudarstvennyj audit. Pravo. Jekonomika. 2014. # 4.
4. Kastanova E. D. Pravovye sposoby ustranenija mezhdunarodnogo dvojnogo nalogooblozhenija i bor'by s ukloneniem ot uplaty nalogov // Pravo i upravlenie. XXI vek. 2013. # 1(26).




Valikaramov D.D.

Konovalova E.A.

INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Valikaramov
 D.D.,Konovalova E.A.
To the question of custom characteristics as a source of private international law
The article reveals the connection between the two interrelated phenomena: the rules of normal behavior and legal behavior. Also the conditions under which the practice is able to regulate private legal relationships are discussed. The authors determine the main characteristics of private law practice, including: authorization, unwritten form, anonymity and others.
Keywords: legal custom, form of law, private law, public law, branch of law, law enforcement, the rule of law, legal system, trade custom.
Work bibliographic list
1. Rovnyj V. V. Obychaj v chastnom prave: nauchnoe izdanie. Irkutsk: Irkutskij universitet, 2004.
2. Postanovlenie Plenuma VS RF i Plenuma VAS RF # 6/8 ot 1.07.1996 g. «O nekotoryh voprosah, svjazannyh s primeneniem chasti pervoj Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii».
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii. Pervaja chast': federal'nyj zakon ot 30 nojabrja 1994 g. #51-FZ (red. ot 02.11.2013) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz SPS «Konsul'tantPljus» (data obrashhenija:14.12.2015).
4. Problema kodifikacii evropejskogo chastnogo prava // Aktual'nye problemy grazhdanskogo prava, grazhdanskogo i arbitrazhnogo processa. Ch. 1: Grazhdanskoe pravo: Materialy nauch. konf. Voronezh, 15–16 marta 2002 g. // Pod red. E. I. Nosyrevoj, T. N. Safronovoj. Voronezh: Izd-vo VGU, 2002.
5. Principy mezhdunarodnyh kommercheskih dogovorov (Principy UNIDRUA) (1994 god). «Bibliotechka Rossijskoj gazety», vyp. 13, 2001; Reshenie MKAS pri TPP RF ot 27.07.1999 po delu # 302/1996. M.: «Statut», 2002.
6. Mezhdunarodnye pravila tolkovanija torgovyh terminov «Inkoterms 2010». Publikacija Mezhdunarodnoj torgovoj palaty # 560.
7. Valikaramov D. D., Konovalova E. A. K voprosu o nekotoryh kollizionnyh momentah v processe zakljuchenija i izmenenija mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2015. # 11(90).
8. Rozenberg M. G. Kontrakt mezhdunarodnoj kupli-prodazhi. Sovremennaja praktika zakljuchenija. Razreshenie sporov. M.: Mezhdunarodnyj centr finansovo-jekonomicheskogo razvitija, 1996.




Travnikov A.I.

Grigoryan P.A.

INTERNATIONAL PRIVATE LAW
Travnikov
A.I.,Grigoryan P.A.
International law of aviation security as an institute of international air law
The article deals with the questions of acts of unlawful interference with civil aviation.
Keywords: civil aviation, illegal actions, terrorism, international fight.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abashidze A.H., Solncev A.M., Travnikov A.I. Ukreplenie mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva v sfere bor'by s nezakonnymi aktami v otnoshenii mezhdunarodnoj grazhdanskoj aviacii // Protivodejstvie terrorizmu. Problemy HHI veka – Sounter-Terrorism.2011. # 1. S. 55-57.
2. Blishhenko I.P., Doria Zh. Precedenty v mezhdunarodnom publichnom i chastnom prave. Izdanie 2-e. –M., 1999.
3. Maleev Ju.N. Mezhdunarodnoe vozdushnoe pravo: Voprosy teorii i praktiki. – M., 1986. S. 240.
4. Travnikov A.I. Mezhdunarodnoe vozdushnoe pravo //Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Osobennaja chast' / Otv. red.Abashidze A.H., Abajdel'dinov E.M. – Voronezh, 2013.




LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Nguyen T.T.
Implementation of presumption of innocence principle in Vietnam criminal proceedings
This article discusses the implementation of presumption of innocence principle in Vietnam criminal proceedings. The author also examines structural constituents determining the mechanism of implementation of this principle.
Keywords: Vietnam, mechanism, accused, principle, presumption of innocence, suspect, criminal procedure.
Work bibliographic list
1. Balandin V. N. Principy juridicheskogo processa / V.N. Balandin, A. A. Pavlushina. Tol'jatti: VuiT,2001.
2. Erashov S. S. Sistema principov sovremennogo otechestvennogo ugolovnogo processa; teoretiko-pravovye aspekty i praktika primenenija: dis. … kand.jurid. nauk. N. Novgorod, 2001.
3. Kudrjavceva A. V. O ponjatii principa v ugolovnom processe / A. V. Kudrjavceva, Ju. D. Livshic // Pravovedenie. 2001. # 4.
4. Tomin V. T. O ponjatii principa sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa // Tr. Vyssh.shk. MOOP RSFSR. Vyp. 12/ redkol.: N. I. Zagorodnikov (gl. red.). M.: NI i RIO VSh MOOP RSFSR, 1965.
5. Tyrichev I. V. Principy sovetskogo ugolovnogo processa. M., 1983.
6. Ugolovnyj process: Uchebnik dlja studentov vuzov, obuchajushhihsja po special'nosti «Jurisprudencija»/ Pod red. V. P. Bozh'eva. 3-e izd., ispr. i dop. M.:Spark, 2002.
7. Bộ luật tố tụng hình sự Cộng hoà xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam số 19/2003/QH11 ngày 26 tháng 11 năm 2003.





LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Kurbanov
 D.A.
Institute of court costs and penalties in Great Britain
The article is devoted to research of institute of court costs and penalties in Great Britain, to the analysis of the last changes of the procedural legislation of England which are directed on acceleration of trial due to application of the simplified procedures, active use of orders on distribution of expenses in the disciplinary purposes.
The author reveals one of the features of English civil process at the solution of a question of compensation of court costs which is the right of court to adopt the order on payment of expenses by the third party.
The right of court to apply responsibility measures to lawyers and lawful representatives who made, according to court, inadequate, unreasonable or negligent actions or showed inaction in consideration of a civil case is of special interest in the studied sphere.
Keywords: court costs and penalties in Great Britain, collecting court costs, procedural legislation of England, pre-judicial actions, claimant, respondent, payment of expenses by the third party.
Work bibliographic list
1. Aliev A., Bazedov Ju., Bardina M. P. i dr. Sovremennoe mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo v Rossii i Evrosojuze: monografija / pod red. M. M. Boguslavskogo, A.G. Lisicyna-Svetlanova, A. Trunka. M.: Norma, 2013.Kn. 1.
2. Arutjunjan M. S., Ulimaev R. Ju. O fenomene vlasti.Vestnik VJeGU. 2011. # 3.
3. Vahtinskaja E. M. Reformirovanie sudebnyh rashodov v Avstralii // Arbitrazhnyj i grazhdanskij process. 2013. # 10.
4. Igbaeva G. R., Shakirova Z. R. Dosudebnye nejurisdikcionnye procedury uregulirovanija sporov i mediacija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.2015. # 1 (80).
5. Hodykin R. M. Recenzija na knigu «Andrews on Civil Processes» // Vestnik grazhdanskogo processa. 2014. # 4.
6. Neil Andrews. The Modern Civil Process (Mohr & Siebeck, Germany, 2008), para’s 9.09 ff . // SPS «Konsul'tant Pljus».
7. Willis v. Nicolson. 2007. EWCA Civ 199.





LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Ragimov
 T.S.
International legal aspects of the protection of intellectual property law in the PRC
The article deals with some peculiarities in the field of intellectual property governed by the Patent Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in force as of 12 March, 1984 with triply amendments.
Keywords: patent law, intellectual property law, inventive achievement, parallel imports, inventions, utility models.
Work bibliographic list
1. Eremenko V. I. Zakonodatel'stvo Kitaja ob intellektual'noj sobstvennosti // Advokat. 2012. # 10.
2. Zaharova Ju. V. Institut intellektual'noj sobstvennosti i ee rol' v innovacionnom razvitii sovremennoj jekonomiki: avtoreferat. diss. ... kand. jekon.nauk. N. Novgorod, 2009.
3. Lapteva A. M. Sistema patentnogo zakonodatel'stva Kitaja // Sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz v issledovanijah pravovyh institutov i javlenij v otraslevom, stranovedcheskom i vremennom aspektah. Trudy laboratorii sravnitel'no-pravovyh issledovanij. Chast' 2. SPb: Izdatel'stvo Politehnicheskogo universiteta, 2012.
4. Sudarikov S. A. Pravo intellektual'noj sobstvennosti: Uchebnik. Moskva: Prospekt, 2013.
5. Hurtin D. O. Mezhdunarodnyj opyt gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija v sfere intellektual'noj dejatel'nosti // Kul'tura: upravlenie, jekonomika, pravo. #1. M.: Jurist, 2014.





LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Ragimov
 T.S.,Menshikh A.A.
Migration in the legislation of France
In the article we are talking about the actual topic of combating and prevention of illegal migration to foreign countries, particularly in France. In many host countries there are different groups of migrants: migrant workers, migrants, asylum seekers, refugees from civil wars and riots, immigrants, etc., finally everywhere, including in France, there are legal migrants (legal) and illegal. Examines the role of the state in granting legal refugee status in France, as well as in regulation of employment and family immigration.
Keywords: migration; migration situation; immigration; irregular migration; family immigration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Borgulev M. Immigracionnaja politika Francii:vyvody i uroki dlja Rossii. http://www.archipelag.ru/geoculture/new_ident/geocultwold/resume/.
2. Migracija i prestupnost': sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz: monografija/otv. red. I.S. Vlasov, N.A. Golovanova. – M.: Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravniel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii; Juridicheskaja firma «Kontrakt»,2012.
3. Pohlebaeva A.V. Ponjatie migracii ee klassifikacija. Zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. # 3. 2005. http://www.evolutio.info/content/view/765/113/
4. Solncev A.M. Sovremennoe mezhdunarodnoe pravo ob okruzhajushhej srede i jekologicheskih pravah cheloveka. M. URSS, 2013.




COMPARATIVE LAW
Gumerova R.R.
Principles of organization of regional authorities in Russia and Europe
In order to study legal status of regions the questions of Russian and European states structure, the
principles of organization of their regional authorities and scope of their power are studied in the article.
Keywords: federal system, autonomy, regional authority, legislative body, parliament, government, judicial power
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ) // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF.
14.04.2014. # 15.
2. Federal'nyj zakon «Ob obshhih principah organizacii zakonodatel'nyh (predstavitel'nyh) i ispolnitel'nyh organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti sub"ektov Rossijskoj Federacii» [Jelektronnyj resurs]: Prinjat GD FS RF 22.09.1999g. (red. ot 03.02.2015). # 184-FZ [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_173450/(data obrashhenija 30.03.2015)
3. Engibarjan R. V., Tadevosjan Je. V. Konstitucionnoe pravo. Uchebnik. M.: Jurist, 2000. – 492 s.
4. Konstitucionnoe pravo zarubezhnyh stran: ucheb.posobie / A. M. Arbuzkin. – 2-e izd., pererab. i dop.– M.: Norma: INFRA-M, 2010. – 704s. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.irbis.vegu.ru/repos/11204/HTML/60.htm
5. Melehin A. V. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: ucheb. /A. V. Melehin. — M.: Market DS, 2007. — 640 s.
6. Romanov A. K. Pravovaja sistema Anglii: ucheb. posobie. – 2 izd. i pr. – M.: Delo, 2002. – 344 s.
7. Savickij P. I. Sistema vysshih organov gosudarstva i organov sub"ektov federacii v Bel'gii. // Pravovedenie. # 4. – 2000. – 234 s.
8. Turovskij R. F. Politicheskaja regionalistika: ucheb.posobie dlja vuzov. – M.: Izd. dom GU VShJe, 2006. – 780.




Kozulina A.V.

Teplyakova A.V.

THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kozulina A.V.,Teplyakova A.V.
On the issue of legal defence in the structure of legal right
The article considers various theoretical viewpoints on the right of defence concept from the perspective of an integrated approach. A scientific controversy over the issue whether the right of defence is an element of legal right or an independent legal right itself is taken as the basis of further discussion. Moreover, the understanding of the right of defence depends on the person who implements it and the situation of implementation itself. Either persons whose rights are violated or offenders are entitled to be defended. The authors emphasize that the right of defence is just an element of the legal right regardless of the person who implements it because it is used only for the purpose of the most efficient implementation of legal right as a whole. Any particular legal right is subject to legal defence. Before the right is actually breached or a threat of such breach arises, the right of defence exists only as a guarantee of the legal right implementation.
Keywords: law, legal right, right of defence, legal defence, legal protection, self-defence.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bondarenko S. S. Zashhita grazhdanskih prav pri vozniknovenii ugrozy ih narushenija: avtoref. dis. …kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.03. Sankt-Peterburg, 2011.
2. Vedjahin V. M. Shubina T. B. Zashhita prava kak pravovaja kategorija // Pravovedenie. 1998. # 1.
3. Vlasova A. V. Struktura sub"ektivnogo grazhdanskogo prava: avtoreferat dis. kandidata juridicheskih nauk: 12.00.03. Spb., 1998.
4. Gorbacheva S. V. Samozashhita prav po rossijskomu zakonodatel'stvu: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.00. Nizhnij Novgorod, 2005.
5. Gribanov V. P. Osushhestvlenie i zashhita grazhdanskih prav. M.: «Statut», 2000.
6. Kurbatov A. Ja. Zashhita prav i zakonnyh interesov v uslovijah «modernizacii» pravovoj sistemy Rossii [jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz sprav.-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant Pljus».
7. Larin A. M. Rassledovanie po ugolovnomu delu: processual'nye funkcii. M., 1986.
8. Matuzov N. I. Pravovaja sistema i lichnost'. Saratov:Izdatel'stvo Saratovskogo universiteta, 1987.
9. Mikulin A. I. Pravo na zashhitu v proizvodstve po delam ob administrativnyh pravonarushenijah: avtoref. dis. … kand. jurid. nauk: 12.00.14. Omsk, 2009.
10. Padun R. V. Pravovaja priroda i ponjatie prava na zashhitu v grazhdanskom prave Ukrainy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2013. # 5.
11. Protasov V. N. Chto i kak reguliruet pravo. M.:Jurist", 1995.
12. Tepljakova A. V. K voprosu o ponjatii ugrozy narushenii prav cheloveka: teoretiko-pravovoj aspekt //Pravovye problemy ukreplenija rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti: sb. statej po itogam Vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii (g. Tomsk, 31 janvarja – 2 fevralja 2013goda) Ch. 57. Tomsk: Izd-vo Tom.un-ta, 2013.
13. Hanaj G. Socialisticheskoe pravo i lichnost'. M.:Progress, 1971.
14. Hodilina M. V. Soderzhanie i znachenie realizacii prava na zashhitu // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2011. # 3.
15. Shafirov V. M. Estestvenno-pozitivnoe pravo: Vvedenie v teoriju: Monografija. Krasnojarsk: IC KrasGU,2004.




THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Kukhnina
 L.Yu.
About the definition of “non-typical sources of law” in the Russian legal science
The author analyzes the ruling in the domestic legal science approach to the definition, of "non-typical sources of law." The author notes the difference in the terminology in relation to the designation of the same legal phenomenon: the term "non-typical sources of law" or "non-traditional sources of law" are used to refer to sources that are not specific to a particular legal system and are applied in it subsidiarily.
Despite the existence of certain legal issues, the author concludes that these terms do not contradict each other and are mutually complementary, and in fact synonymous.
Keywords: source of law, non-typical source of law, non-traditional source of law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 # 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 #7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 # 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ)[Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_28399/54dd4e1f61e0b8fa47bff695f0c08b192a95f7a3/ (data obrashhenija:23.12.2015 g.).
2. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon ot 31.12.1996 # 1-FKZ (red. ot 05.02.2014) «O sudebnoj sisteme Rossijskoj Federacii» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhimdostupa: https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_12834/68e773d7dd403ad52ca17b683f6135fdfeb63e60/ (data obrashhenija: 23.12.2015 g.).
3. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii ot 18.12.2001 # 174-FZ (red. ot 13.07.2015) (s izm. I dop., vstup. v silu s 15.09.2015) [Jelektronnyj resurs].Rezhim dostupa:https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_34481/d21f7d8bcd265f8bab478d023a8a698f459d7018/ (data obrashhenija 23.12.2015 g.).
4. Federal'nyj zakon ot 15.07.1995 # 101-FZ (red. ot12.03.2014) «O mezhdunarodnyh dogovorah Rossijskoj Federacii» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_7258/b87803f6ea2f7bfe28efbfd387cd18bea27eace9/(data obrashhenija: 23.12.2015 g.).
5. Federal'nyj zakon ot 30 marta 1998 g. # 54-FZ «O ratifikacii Konvencii o zashhite prav cheloveka i osnovnyh svobod i Protokolov k nej» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/12111157/(data obrashhenija: 10.06.2015 g.).
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THEORY OF STATE AND LAW
Matveev
 S.A.
The concept, essence, nature and content of punishment: a new understanding
The article reflects an attempt to redefine and understand the notion of punishment, to consider and to define its essence, nature and content, since the concepts established in legal science do not
fully correspond to modern realities.
Key words: criminal penalties, essence, nature, content.
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