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SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES №  2  (93) 2016 - 1



Snetkov V. N.

Veshkelsky A. S.

Ponomarenko A. V.
 
EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Snetkov V. N.,Veshkelsky A. S., Ponomarenko A. V.
About the tendency of development of the information space of Eurasian Economic Union (on example of Russia)
The article reveals the questions, based on emergence of collision of legal systems at the origin
and evolution of new economic systems in Europe and Asia, development of new economic union – Eurasian Economic Union, regional and global regulation, occasionally at information views and space. Russian Federation describes this solution as analog solution to such problems for example like new laws of information in Russia, adopted at 2010-2015.
Keywords: information space, law, media, sustainability, development, system, regulation,
Work bibliographic list
Eurasian Economic Union, EAEU.
1. Zakon RF ot 27.12.1991 N 2124-1 (red. ot 30.12.2015) «O sredstvah massovoj informacii» / Oficial'nyj internet-portal pravovoj informacii. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.gov.ru (data poseshhenija: 20.01.2016 g.).
2. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 N 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 # 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 N 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 # 11-FKZ) // «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF». – 2014. – # 31. – St. 4398.
3. Postanovlenie Pravitel'stva RF ot 12.01.1996 # 11 «Ob uluchshenii informacionnogo obespechenija naselenija Rossijskoj Federacii» // «Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF». – 1996. – # 3. – St. 188.

  
 
EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Ilyin A.V.
Eurasian semi-federation: to the issue of political entity of Russia
The article is based on the historical and legal and theoretical legal analysis and explores the mixed nature of the territorial-political entity of Russia in the last century. Particulary attention is paid to
the combination of imperial and federal-territorial nature in the state entity of Russia and the consequent legal policy.
Keywords: history of the state, Russia, territorial and political entity, the federation, the empire.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dekrety Sovetskoj vlasti / In-t marksizma-leninizma pri CK KPSS, In-t istorii SSSR AN SSSR.
T. 1: 25 oktjabrja 1917 – 16 marta 1918 g. – M.: Gospolitizdat, 1957. – XIV; 626 s.
2. Istorija Sovetskoj Konstitucii (V dokumentah).1917–1956 / sost.: A. A. Lipatov, N. T. Savenkov. – M.:Gosjurizdat, 1957. – 1046 s.
3. Konstitucija (Osnovnoj Zakon) Rossijskoj Sovetskoj Federativnoj Socialisticheskoj Respubliki
Prinjata na vneocherednoj sed'moj sessii Verhovnogo Soveta RSFSR devjatogo sozyva 12 apr. 1978 g. – M.:Sov. Rossija, 1981. – 46 s.
4. Konstitucija (Osnovnoj Zakon) Sojuza Sovetskih Socialisticheskih Respublik Prinjata na vneochered-
noj sed'moj sessii Verhovnogo Soveta SSSR devjatogo sozyva 7 okt. 1977 g. – M.: Jurid. lit., 1980. – 47 s.
5. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii. Prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12 dek. 1993 g. – M.: Jurid. lit.,1993. – 61 s.
6. Obshhestvoznanie. Uchebnyj kurs dlja postupajushhih v vuzy / Pod red. D.I. Lukovskoj, E.B. Hohlova. 5-e izd., pererab. i dop. – SPb.: Izd-vo SPbGU, 2004. – 752 s.
7. Pushkin A. S. Sobr. soch. V 10 t. T. 2: Stihotvorenija. 1823–1836. M.: Gosudarstv. izd-vo hudozh. literatury, 1959. S. 64.
8. [Fatkudinov Z.M.] Aforizmy ot professora Z.M. Fatkudinova // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –
2009. – # 4 (11). – S. 137-138.
9. Juridicheskaja jenciklopedija / Otv. red. B.N. Topornin. – M.: Jurist", 2001. – 1272 s.




EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Trunina E. V.
Topical issues of implementation of the Eurasian Economic Commission’s powers on pre-trial settlement of disputes
The article is devoted to the practice of implementation of the procedure of pre-trial dispute settlement by Eurasian Economic Commission initiated by economic entities of member states of the Eurasian Economic Union, which is an obligatory stage of consideration of dispute in the Court of the Eurasian Economic Union. A number of problematic issues that require, in the opinion of the author, an early resolution for the purpose of improving the efficiency and relevance of this procedure are revealed.
Keywords: the Eurasian Economic Commission, Court of Eurasian Economic Union, economic entity, protection, procedure, decision, dispute.
Work bibliographic list
1. Dogovor o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze (Podpisan v g. Astane 29.05.2014) [Jelektronnyj resurs].
Rezhim dostupa: http://www.eurasiancommission.org(05.06.2014)
2. Ispolinov A. S. Sud EAJeS: pervye reshenija, pervye voprosy [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostu-
pa: http://zakon.ru/blog/2015/05/21/sud_eaes_pervye_resheniya_pervye_voprosy
3. Reshenie Kollegii EJeK ot 19.03.2013 # 46 «O Porjadke rassmotrenija obrashhenij hozjajstvujushhih sub"ektov ob osparivanii reshenij (aktov) Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissii, Komissii Tamozhennogo sojuza, ih otdel'nyh polozhenij ili dejstvij (bezdejstvija) Evrazijskoj jekonomicheskoj komissii»//Bjulleten' Suda Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo soobshhestva. 2013. # 2.
4. Neshataeva T. N. Edinoobraznoe pravoprimenenie– cel' Suda evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo Sojuza //Mezhdunarodnoe pravosudie. 2015. # 2.




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Farkhutdinov I. Z.
International law and the US doctrine of preventive self-defense
This article, which is the fourth copyrighted material in a given cycle (Maintenance of peace and security: the international legal assessment of the events in Syria №10 (89) 2015; International law on the principle of non-use or threat of force: History and Modernity № 11. (90) 2015); The international law of self-defense States. №1 (92) 2016) are analyzed problems of the US doctrine of preventive defense in the light of the "National Security Strategy" from 2006. The preventive war in the light of the Bush Doctrine in 2003 against Iraq was the egregious blunder in American history foreign policy. Overall, Obama's foreign policy, especially no different from going from Bush's foreign policy, skillfully manipulating the doctrine of preventive self-defense, to impose a unipolar world in the international community contrary to the basic principles and norms of international law. What can cause consequences of revision of the 51st article of the UN Charter?
Keywords: international law, the Bush doctrine, the doctrine of Schultz, global terrorism, attack, aggression, pre-emptive self-defense, preventive self-defense
Work bibliographic list
1. Bahtijar Tuzmuhamedov. Uprezhdenie siloj: «Karolina i sovremennost'» // Rossija v global'noj politike.6 maja 2002.
2. Kotljar V. S. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i sovremennye strategicheskie koncepcii SShA i NATO. Avtoref.
... diss. dokt. jurid. nauk. M., 2007.
3. Marchenko M. N. Gosudarstvo i pravo v uslovijah globalizacii. M.: Prospekt, 2009.
4. Farhutdinov I. Z. Obespechenie mira i bezopasnosti v Evrazii (Mezhdunarodno-pravovaja ocenka sobytij v Sirii). Interv'ju P. N. Birjukova, S. A. Bur'janova// Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2015. # 10(78).
5. Agora: Future Implications of the Iraq Conflict // American Journal of International Law. Vol. 9.7 (2003).
6. Bert V. A. Roling. The Ban on the Use of Force and the U. N. Charter, in The Current Legal Regulation of the Use of Force 3 (A. Cassese ed., 1986.
7. Greenwood C. “International Law and the Pre-emptive Use of Force” in 4 San Diego International Law Journal
7 (2004); D. Bowett, Self-Defense in International Law(1958) at 185-86; T. Franck, Recourse to Force (2002), 97
et seq.; and Waldock, “De Regulation of the Use of Force by Individual States in International Law” in 81 RCADI
(1952).
8. Cohan John Alan. The Bush Doctrine and the Emerging Norm of Anticipatory Self-Defense in Customary International Law Pace International Law Review Volume 15. Issue 2. Fall 2003. Article 1.
9. Franck Thomas M. Recourse to Force: State Action Against Threats and Armed Attacks. Cambridge, 2002.
10. Hakimi Monica. Defensive Force against Non-State Actors:TheState of Play. International Law Studies 1 (2015).
11. Brownlie I. International Law and the Use of Force Between States (1963), 275¬78; Bothe, “Terrorism and the Legality of Pre-emptive Force” in 14 EJIL (2003) no. 3, 227 and Randelzhofer, “Article 51” in B. Simma (ed.) F>e Charter of the United Nations: A Commentary (2nd ed. 2002).
12. Inis Claude, Jr. Theoretical Approaches to National Security and World Order, in National Security Law 31, 36 (Mooreetal. eds., 1990).
13. International Law and Armed Conflict: Exploring the Fault lines Essays in Honour of Yoram Dinstein. Edited
by Michael Schmitt and Jelena Pejic. International Humanitarian Law Series. Nith off Publishers Leiden. Boston, 2007.
14. Kritsiotis Dino. Argument of Mass Confusion // European Journal of International Law. Vol. 15 (2004).
15. Lasswell Harold D., The Garrison State, 46 Am. J. Soc. 455 (1941), reprinted in Harold D. Lasswell on Political Sociology 165. (Dwayne Marvicked, 1977).
16. Mary Ellen O’Connell The Myth of Preemptive Self-Defense. The American Society of International Law. 2002
17. Mathews A. S., Albino R. C., The Permanence of the Temporary - An Examination of the 90- and 180-Day Detention Laws, 83 S. Afr. L. J. 16, 37 - 38 (1966).
18. Mc Dougal M. S. The Soviet-Cuban Quarantine and Self- Defense // American Journal of International Law. Vol. 57 (1933).
19. Nagan Winston. Hammer Craig. The New Bush National Security Doctrine and the Rule of Law // Berkeley Journal of International Law. Volume 22. Issue 3. Article 3. 2004. President George W. Bush. Address to the United Nations General Assembly in New York City, 38 Weekly Comp. Pres. Doc. 1529, 1531-32 (Sept. 12, 2002).
20. Sapiro Miriam. Iraq: The Shifting Sands of Preemtive Self-Defense // American Journal of International Law.
Vol. 97 (2003).
21. Terry D. Gill. Chapter 5 The Temporal Dimension of Self-Defense: Anticipation, Pre-emption, Prevention and Immediacy//International Law and Armed Conflict: Exploring the Faultlines Essays in Honour of Yoram Dinstein Edited by Michael Schmitt and Jelena Pejic. International Humanitarian Law Series Ninth off Publishers Leiden. Boston, 2007.
22. Tony Karon, The U. S. Says the Afghanistan War Is Over. The Taliban Aren’t So Sure, Time Online Edition, May 6, 2003. [Jelektronnyjresurs]. – Rezhimdostupa: http://www.time. com/time/world/article/0,8599, 449942,00.html? cnn=yes).
23. Wedgwood Ruth. The Fall of Saddam Hussein: Security Council Mandates and Preemtive Self-Defense // American Journal of International Law. Vol. 97 (2003). P. 583.
24. Yoo John. International Law and the War in Iraq //American Journal of International Law. Vol. 97 (2003).




Abashidze A. Kh.

Melshina K. Yu.

INTERNATIONAL LAW
Abashidze A. Kh., Melshina K. Yu.
Fighting against extremism: current issues on the agenda of the UN
This article attempts to trace the emergence and modification of international legal instruments and documents adopted by the main and functional bodies of the United Nations and other international organizations against extremism, as a threat to international security, and to find out
its meaning through an analysis of national legislation and doc trine.
Keywords: terrorism, extremism, violent extremism, human rights, United Nations, United Nations General Assembly, the UN Security Council, the Council of Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Russian Federation, United States of America.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abashidze A.H., Solncev A.M., Travnikov A.I. Ukreplenie mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva v sfere
bor'by s nezakonnymi aktami v otnoshenii mezhdunarodnoj grazhdanskoj aviacii // Protivodejstvie
terrorizmu. Problemy HHI veka – Sounter-Terrorism.2011. # 1. S. 55-57.
2. Abashidze A.H. Rol' mezhdunarodnogo prava i OON v sfere protivodejstvija terrorizmu i sozdanija bolee bezopasnogo, ustojchivogo i spravedlivogo miroustrojstva // Protivodejstvie terrorizmu. Problemy XXI veka - Counter-Terrorism. 2012. N 1. S. 2-13
3. Abashidze A.H., Blishhenko V.I. Bor'ba s mezhdunarodnym terrorizmom v sovremennyh uslovijah // Problemy mezhdunarodnoj bezopasnosti i mezhdunarodnoe pravo: Materialy mezhvuzovskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii / Otv. red. A.Ja. Kapustin, A.H.Abashidze. - M: RUDN, 2002. - S. 24-29
4. Pan Gi Mun predstavil General'noj Assamblee OON «Plan dejstvij po preduprezhdeniju voinstvujushhego jekstremizma»
5. http://www.un.org/russian/news/story.asp?NewsID=25249#.Vq5A7hbkhY0




Valeev R. M.

Shushayeva T. А.

INTERNATIONAL LAW
Valeev R. M., Shushayeva T.
А.
Forecasting in national and international law making and its relationship with legal forecasting
This article differentiates between the categories of legal forecasting, and forecasting in lawmaking (both national and international). Applying the method of comparative analysis to the elements of each category the conclusions are drawn regarding the qualitative differences between subject, object, and methods. This article also presents the definitions of «forecasting in law-making» and «legal forecasting».
Keywords: international law-making, forecasting in law-making, legal forecasting, the subject of forecasting in law, the object of forecasting in law.
Work bibliographic list
1. Lukashuk I. I. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Osobennaja chast': uchebnik dlja studentov juridicheskih fakul'te-
tov i vuzov. Izd. 3-e, pererab. i dop. M.: Volters Kluver, 2005.
2. Teorija gosudarstva i prava: Uchebnik dlja juridicheskih vuzov i fakul'tetov / pod red. prof. S. S. Alek-
seeva. Norma; Moskva; 2004.
3. Safarov R. A. Prognozirovanie i juridicheskaja nauka // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1969. # 3.
4. Gavrilov O. A. Nauchnye osnovy sovetskogo pravotvorchestva / Otv. red. dok. jur. nauk, prof. Halfina R.O. Izd-vo «Nauka», 1981.
5. Syryh V. M. Logicheskie osnovanija obshhej teorii prava: V 2 t. T. 1: Jelementnyj sostav. M.: Juridicheskij dom «Justicinform», 2000.
6. Stegnij V. N. Osnovnye sfery social'nogo prognozirovanija: Ucheb. posobie / Perm. Gos. Tehn. Un-t.
Perm', 2005.
7. Ivanjuk O. A., Chernobel' G. T. Juridicheskaja tehnika:Ucheb. posobie po podgotovke zakonoproektov i inyh normativnyh pravovyh aktov organami ispolnitel'noj vlasti / In-t zakonodatel'stva i sravn. pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Ros. Federacii; Pod red.chlen-korr. T. Ja. Habrievoj, prof. N. A. Vlasenko. M.:Jeksmo, 2009.
8. Zakomornyj I. V. Juridicheskoe prognozirovanie. Otdel'nye teoreticheskie i prakticheskie aspekty
juridicheskogo prognozirovanija (chast' 1) // Predstavitel'naja vlast' – XXI vek: zakonodatel'stvo, kommentarii, problemy. 2004. # 4 (58).
9. Tihomirov Ju. A. Cikly pravovogo razvitija // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2008. # 10.
10. Valeev R. M. Problemy juridicheskoj tehniki v mezhdunarodnom prave // Uchenye zapiski. Serija Pravo, T.154. Kazan', 2004.
11. Predvaritel'nyj doklad o zashhite ljudej v sluchae bedstvij. Komissija mezhdunarodnogo prava OON.
Shestidesjataja sessija, Zheneva, 5 maja — 6 ijunja i 7 ijulja — 8 avgusta 2008 goda. A/CN.4/598.
12. Pervyj doklad ob ohrane atmosfery. Komissija mezhdunarodnogo prava. Shest'desjat shestaja sessija,
Zheneva, 5 maja — 6 ijunja i 7 ijulja — 8 avgusta 2014 goda. A/CN.4/667.
13. Radchenko V. I., Ivanjuk O. A., Pljugina I. V., Cirin A. M., Chernobel' G. T. Prakticheskie aspekty prognozirovanija zakonodatel'stva i jeffektivnosti primenenija prognoziruemyh norm // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. 2008. # 8.
14. Koncepcija po sovershenstvovaniju zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2016 g. / Pod redakciej Vice-prezidenta TPP Rossii, d.ju.n. Chubarova V. V. M., 2012.
15. O sovershenstvovanii Grazhdanskogo kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii. Ukaz Prezidenta RF ot 18 ijulja 2008 g. # 1108.
16. Koncepcii razvitija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva /pod red. L. A. Okun'kova, Ju. A. Tihomirova, Ju. P.Orlovskogo; Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii. M., 1994.
17. Koncepcii razvitija rossijskogo zakonodatel'stva /pod red. T. Ja. Habrievoj, Ju. A. Tihomirova, Ju. P.Orlovskogo; Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossij-
skoj Federacii. M., 2004.
18. Ovlashhenko A. V. Prognozirovanie mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovanija mezhgosudarstvennyh morskih otnoshenij: problemy teorii obosnovanija //Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo, 2008. # 2.
19. Rudashevskij V. D. Pravo i modelirovanie. // Metodologicheskie problemy sovetskoj juridicheskoj
nauki / Otv. redaktor Kudrjavcev V. N. Izdatel'stvo «Nauka», 1980 g.
20. Gatilova A. S. K voprosu o tehnologii i pravovogo prognozirovanija // Vestnik OGU. 2012. # 3 (139),
mart.
21. Pravovye modeli i real'nost': monografija / O. A.Akopjan, N. V. Vlasova, S. A. Gracheva i dr.; otv. red.
Ju. A. Tihomirov, E. E. Rafaljuk, N. I. Hludeneva. M.:Institut zakonodatel'stva i sravnitel'nogo pravovedenija pri Pravitel'stve Rossijskoj Federacii:INFRA-M, 2014. XIV.




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Bekyashev D. K.
International legal principle of precautionary approach to fisheries managemen
In the article the stages of the principle of the precautionary approach to fisheries management, its international legal content and meaning are considered. The author analyzes the global international treaties and voluntary acts, regional agreements and practices of regional fisheries management organizations, bilateral agreements and legislation of a number of states on the application of the precautionary approach to fisheries management. The recommendations on the consolidation of the principle of the precautionary approach to fisheries management in international treaties and legislation of the Russian Federation are developed.
Ключевые слова: the precautionary approach, principle, fisheries management, international agreements, regional fisheries management organizations, legislation of states.
Work bibliographic list
1. Babajan V. K. Konceptual'nye osnovy racional'nogo rybolovstva // Aktual'nye voprosy racional'nogo ispol'zovanija vodnyh biologicheskih resursov: materialy Pervoj nauchnoj shkoly molodyh uchenyh i specialistov po rybnomu hozjajstvu i jekologii, posvjashhennoj 100-letiju so dnja rozhdenija prof. P. A.Moiseeva. Zvenigorod, 15–19 aprelja 2013 g. M.: Izd-vo VNIRO, 2013.
2. Babajan V. K. Predostorozhnyj podhod k ocenke obshhego dopustimogo ulova (ODU): Analiz i rekomendacii po primeneniju. M.: Izd-vo VNIRO, 2000.
3. Bekjashev D. K. Rol' OON v formirovanii i razvitii mezhdunarodno-pravovoj koncepcii ustojchivogo rybolovstva v Mirovom okeane // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. 2015. # 5 (86).
4. Bekjashev D. K., Bekjashev K. A. Kodeks vedenija otvetstvennogo rybolovstva i vozmozhnosti ego prime-
nenija v Rossijskoj Federacii // Rybnoe hozjajstvo.2009. # 4.
5. Bekjashev K. A. Morskoe rybolovnoe pravo: Ucheb. M.:TK Velbi, Izd-vo Prospekt, 2007.
6. Vylegzhanin A. N., Zilanov V. K. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy upravlenija morskimi zhivymi resursami: (teorija i dokumenty). M.: OAO «NPO «Izdatel'stvo «Jekonomika», 2000.
7. Kopylov M. N., Kopylov S. M., Mishlanova V. A. Chego ne hvataet mezhdunarodnomu jekologicheskomu pravu v god svoego 175-letija? // Vestnik Volgogr. gos. un-ta Serija 5, Jurisprud. 2014. # 3 (24).
8. Cambell M., Thomas V. G. Implementing the Precautionary approach: Towards enabling legislation for marine mammal conservation in Canada. P. 321 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ifaw.org/sites/default/files/gaining-ground/ifaw-gainingground-chapter-22.pdf (data obrashhenija: 04.02.2016).
9. Churchill R. R., Lowe A. V. The law of the sea. Third edition. Manchester University Press, 2010.
10. Cooney R. From Promise to Practicalities: The Precautionary Principle in Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Use // Biodiversity and the Precautionary Principle Risk and Uncertainty in Conservation and Sustainable Use / Ed. by Rosie Cooney and Barney Dickson. New York. Earthscan, 2005.
11. Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea Office of Legal Affairs Digest of International Cases on the Law of the Sea. United Nations. New York, 2006.
12. Garcia S. M. The precautionary approach to fisheries and its implications for fishery research, technology and
management: and updated review [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/W1238E/W1238E01.htm (data obrashhenija: 29.01.2016).
13. Hønneland G. Norway and Russia: Bargaining Precautionary Fisheries Management in the Barents Sea// Arctic Review on Law and Politics. 2014. Vol. 5, 1.
14. Marr S. The Precautionary Principle in the Law of the Sea:Modern Decision Making in International Law. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Kluwer Law International, 2003.
15. Precautionary Approach – Chronology [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.nafo.int/fisheries/frames/fishery.html (data obrashhenija: 04.02.2016).
16. Precautionary Approach Agreement [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.nasco.int/pa_agreement.html (data obrashhenija: 03.02.2016).
17. Precautionary approach to fisheries management [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fao.org/fishery/topic/13302/en (data obrashhenija: 04.02.2016).
18. Restrepo V. R., Powers J. E. Precautionary control rules in US fisheries management: specification and performance // ICES Journal of Marine Science. 1999. # 56.
19. Sands Ph. Principles of International Environmental Law. Second edition. Cambridge University Press, 2003.
20. Tanaka Y. The Changing Approaches to Conservation of Marine Living Resources in International Law [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.zaoerv.de/71_2011/71_2011_2_a_291_330.pdf. (data obrashhenija: 29.01.2016).
21. Whaling in the Antarctic (Australia v. Japan). Memorial of Australia. Vol. 1 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.icj-cij.org/docket/files/148/17382.pdf (data obrashhenija: 04.02.2016).




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Mustafayeva N. I.
The 70th anniversary of the United Nations: modern challenges and need for reforming
UN, stepped 70th milestone of its existence as a universal international organization, currently has faced with new challenges and threats in the face of international conflicts and the expanding geography of international terrorism. These alarming developments have actualized the importance of the reform of UN like never before, considering its adaptation to a serious change in the international political situation. Taking into account the recent worrying processes in the world it is high time to reform the UN, on which depends the future effectiveness and vitality of the Organization as well as peace and security in the world as a whole. The reform should cover all areas of the organization`s activity, especially the activity of the Security Council, as a main body responsible for maintaining peace and security in the world, UN human rights bodies and coordination activity with other international (regional, interregional) intergovernmental organizations.
Keywords: reform of the UN, modern challenges, peace and security, terrorism, human rights
Work bibliographic list
1. Doklad General'nogo sekretarja o rabote Organizacii. N'ju-Jork, 19 avgusta 2013 g. // Doc. UN A/68/1.
2. Zaemskij V.F. Komu nuzhna reforma OON: v interesah vseh i kazhdogo. Moskva, 2011. – 294 s.
3. Luk'jancev G.E. K voprosu o sovremennyh tendencijah razvitija mezhdunarodnogo sotrudnichestva i mezhdunarodnogo kontrolja v oblasti prav cheloveka (problemy i perspektivy) // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. 2004. # 2.
4. Luk'jancev G.E. Mezhdunarodnyj kontrol' v oblasti prav cheloveka. M., 2005. S. 23-115;
5. Mustafaeva N. Institut prava veto v Sovete Bezopasnosti OON: sovremennoe polozhenie i perspektivy reformy. // Strategicheskij Analiz. #2(13), 2015. S. 85-101.
6. Mustafaeva N. I. Komu nuzhna reforma OON? / Dvizhenie za vozrozhdenie otechestvennoj nauki. 30.03.2015. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.za-nauku.ru/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9482(poslednee poseshhenie: 02.12.2015)
7. Mustafaeva N. Pravo veto v Sovete Bezopasnosti OON: byt' ili ne byt'? //Jelektronnyj istochnik.
[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.1news.az/authors/oped/20151002112203098.html(poslednee poseshhenie: 23.11.2015).
8. Mustafaeva N. Problemy reformirovanija Soveta Bezopasnosti OON. // Evrazijskij Juridicheskij
Zhurnal. # 10 (77) 2014. S. 57-58.
9. Mustafaeva N. Sovet Bezopasnosti OON: «relikvija» ili politika dvojnyh standartov // Materialy VIII Konventa Rossijskoj Associacii Mezhdunarodnyh Issledovanij (RAMI) na temu «Metamorfozy post-krizisnogo mira: novyj regionalizm i scenarii global'nogo upravlenija». – Moskva, 2014. [Jelek-
tronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://risa.ru/ru/2011-05-25-10-23-32/28-viii/238-metamorfozy-postkrizisnogo-mira-novyj-regionalizm-i-stsenarii-globalnogo-upravleniya (poslednee obrashhenie: 23.11.2015).
10. Bossugt M. The New Human Rights Council: A First Appraisal. Netherlands. Human Rights Quarterly. 2006.
P. 551-555; Le Conseil des droits de L`home: Une reform Pouteuse? Droit du pouvoir du droit. Broussels, 2007. P. 1089.




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Po
сk M. V.
International legal framework for sustainable forest management: statement of a question
In the article the questions of rational and sustainable forest management in the context of globalization and the liberal-democratic reforms are analyzed. The leading role of the UN in this process is proved and the ways to improve it are suggested.
Keywords: forest management, sustainable development, international cooperation, the UN, the
assessment.
Work bibliographic list
1. Global'naja ocenka lesnyh resursov 2010 goda. Osnovnoj otchet FAO [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/i1757r/i1757r.pdf
2. Ispol'zovanie i ohrana lesov: problema realizacii zakonodatel'stva: Sbornik statej / otv. red. E. L.
Minina. M.: Jurisprudencija, 2012.
3. Itogovyj dokument Vsemirnogo sammita 2005 goda. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON 60/1 ot 16 sentjabrja 2005 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/outcome2005_ch3.shtml
4. Kapustin A. Ja. Mezhdunarodnye organizacii v globalizirujushhemsja mire. M.: RUDN, 2010.
5. Solncev A. M., Milovidov O. D. 15-letnij itog dejatel'nosti OON v sfere sohranenija lesnyh resursov // Jurist-mezhdunarodnik. 2007. # 3.
6. Steiner M. The journey from Rio to Johannesburg: ten years of forest negotiations, ten years of successes and
failures // Golden Gate University Law Review. Spring, 2002.




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Rozhdestvenskaya M. K.
Functions of classification societies: correlation of public and private interests
This article is dedicated to the analysis of legal nature of classification and statutory functions performed by classification societies. Special attention is given to the question whether the classification society acts in the public or private interests and whether classification and statutory functions can be separated.
Keywords: classification societies, statutory functions, classification functions, public interest, private interest.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij po morskomu pravu ot 10 dekabrja 1982 g. // BMD. 1998. # 1.
2. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea(SOLAS) dated November 1, 1974 [Electronic resource].
URL: https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%201184/volume-1184-I-18961-English.pdf (data obrashhenija: 9.03.2016).
3. International Convention on Load Lines dated April 5, 1966 [Electronic resource]. URL: http://www.jus.uio.no/
english/services/library/treaties/08/8-03/load-lines.xml(data obrashhenija: 9.03.2016).
4. Doc. IMO − Resolution MSC.349 (92) Code for Recognized Organizations (RO Code) (Adopted on 21 June
2013) [Electronic resource]. URL: http://www.uscg.mil /imo/msc/docs/msc-92-report-add-1.pdf (data obrashhe-
nija: 9.03. 2016).
5. Doc. EU − Regulation (EC) No 391/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on
common rules and standards for ship inspection and survey organizations [Electronic resource] // Offic. J. of
the Europ. Union. Ser. L. 131, 28.05.2009, P. 11. URL:http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=
1409825984933&uri =CELEX:02009R0391-20090617 (data obrashhenija: 8.03.2016).
6. Doc. EU − Directive 2009/15/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on common
rules and standards for ship inspection and survey organizations and for the relevant activities of maritime administrations [Electronic resource] // Offic. J. of the Europ. Union. Ser. L. 131, 28.05.2009, P.47. URL: http://
eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=140982 5822250&uri=CELEX:32009L0015 (data obrashhenija:
08.03.2016).
7. IACS Procedural Requirement No.3 «Transparency of classification and statutory information» Rev. July 2009.
[Electronic resource]. URL: http://www.iacs.org.uk /document/public/Publications/Procedural_requirements/
PDF/PR_03_pdf90.PDF (data obrashhenija: 10.03.2016).
8. Kodeks torgovogo moreplavanija Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30 aprelja 1999 g. # 81-FZ // SZ RF. 1999. # 18.St.2207. (v red. ot 13 ijulja 2015).
9. Kodeks vnutrennego vodnogo transporta Rossijskoj Federacii ot 07.03.2001, #24-FZ // RG. 2001. # 50-51.(v red. ot 13 ijulja 2015).
10. Abel K., Grimmer J. Classification societies, negligence liability and pure economic loss – a rebuttal [Electronicresource]. URL: http://www.lawgazette.com.sg/2011-
05/102.htm (data obrashhenija: 23.02.2016).
11. Antapassis A. Liability of classification societies // Electronic Journal of Comparative Law. 2007. Vol. 11.3.
[Electronic resource]. URL: http://www.ejcl.org/113/article113-22.pdf (data obrashhenija: 10.03.2016). 12. Honka H. The classification system and its problems with special reference to the liability of classification societies // Tulane Maritime Law Journal. 1994. Vol. 19.
13. Lagoni N. The liability of classification societies, Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs, Vol. 9. Berlin, Heidelberg. 2007.
14. Pulido Begines J. The EU law on Classification Societies: Scope and Liability Issues // Journal of Maritime Lawand Commerce. 2005. Vol. 36.
15. Bahin S. V. Investicionnoe pravo i investicionnaja politika // Rechtslage von Auslandsinvestitionen in Transformationsstaaten. Berlin, 2006.
16. Kosarenko N. N. Kategorija «interes» v sisteme publichnogo i chastnogo prava // Gosudarstvo i grazhdanskoe obshhestvo. 2007. # 3.
17. Taranovskij F. V. Uchebnik jenciklopedii prava. Jur'ev: Tipografija K. Mattisena, 1917.
18. Fedorov A. K. Strahovanie sudov i klassifikacionnye obshhestva. 2012 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. URL: http://www.marine-insur.info/journal/favorites/479-2012-01-31-16-28-28.html (data obrashhenija: 13.02.2016).




Romashev Yu. S.

Yaryshev S. N.

INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Romashev Yu. S., Yaryshev S. N.
Armed attack against persons parachuting in the air and international humanitarian law
The article deals with the question of how the case of an armed attack on the pilot of the Russian
aircraft shot down by Turkish air force in Syria refers to the norms of international humanitarian law, and which of them specifically are applicable. The provisions of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their Protocols, international customs, the legal practice of states are analysed.
Keywords: international law, international humanitarian law, customary law, armed conflict, protection of war victims, aviation, parachutist, the use of weapons.
Work bibliographic list
1. Batyr' V. A. Mezhdunarodnoe gumanitarnoe pravo:Uchebnik dlja vuzov. M.: ZAO Justicinform, 2006.
2. Kal'shoven F. Ogranichenija sredstv i metodov vedenija vojny. 2-e izd., ispr. M.: MKKK, 1999.
3. Obychnoe mezhdunarodnoe gumanitarnoe pravo. Tom 1, Normy: Per. s angl. /Zh.-M. Henkerts, L. Dosval'd-Bek, K. Alverman, K. Derman, B. Roll. M.: Mezhdunarodnyj Komitet Krasnogo Kresta, 2006.
4. Frederik de Mulinen. Pravo vojny. Rukovodstvo dlja vooruzhennyh sil. M.: Mezhdunarodnyj Komitet
Krasnogo Kresta, 1993.
5. Argentina, Law of War Manual (1989), § 1.06(5), 8.03.
6. Belgium, Teaching Manual for Officers (1994), Part I, Title II.
7. Benin, Military Manual (1995), Fascicule II.
8. Customary International Humanitarian Law. Volume II. Practice. Edited by Jean-Marie Henckaerts and Louise
Doswald-Beck. With contributions by Carolin Alvermann, Angela Cotroneo, Antoine Grand and Baptiste Rolle. Cambridge University Press, 2005.
9. Dominican Republic, Military Manual (1980).
10. ICRC, Report on the Reaffirmation and Development of Laws and Customs Applicable in Armed Conflicts, May 1969, submitted to the 21st International Conference of the Red Cross, Istanbul, 6-13 September 1969.
11. Italy, IHL Manual (1991), Vol. I, § 85.
12. Netherlands, Military Manual (1993).
13. Yves Sandoz, Christophe Swinarski, Bruno Zimmermann (eds.), Commentary on the Additional Protocols, ICRC, Geneva, 1987.




INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
Lyapina E.
Czech Republic at ECHR in the issue of treatment of non-European Union nationals
В данной статье изучается режим обращения с не-гражданами Европейского союза в рамках
законодательства Европейского союза, с одной стороны, и подхода Европейского суда по
правам человека, с другой стороны. Рассматривается современное состояние международных правовых стандартов обращения с не-гражданами Европейского союза, в частности, в Чешской Республике.
Ключевые слова: миграция, мигранты, Евросоюз, граждане третьих стран, Чешское миграционное законодательство, Европейский суд по правам человека.
Work bibliographic list
1. Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, 2000.
2. European Convention on Human Rights, 1950.
3. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees 1951.
4. Treaty on Functioning the European Union, 1992.
5. Directive 2004/38 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.
6. Directive 2003/109 on the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents.
7. Directive of the European Parliament and Council Directive 2011/95/EU.
8. Regulation of the European Parliament and Council Regulation 604/2013.
9. Europe Council Decision 2015/1523 and Decision 2015/1601.
10. European Pact on Immigration and Asylum 2008.
11. Act on the Residence of Foreign nationals in the Czech Republic No 326/1999.
12. Asylum Act of the Czech Republic No 325/1999.
13. Administrative Code of the Czech Republic.
14. Antidiscrimination legislation implemented by the Czech Republic from the EU Race Equality Directive (Council Directive 2000/43/EC) and the Employment Equality Directive (Council Directive 2000/78/EC) - Zákon č. 198/2009 Sb., o rovném zacházení a o právních prostředcích ochrany před diskriminací a o změně některých zákonů (antidiskriminační zákon), ve znění pozdějších předpisů.




INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Danelyan А. А.
The Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) and the principle of «performance requirements»
Developing countries are not only interested in the inflow of foreign investment, but also in their efficient use in the economy. To achieve this, the states – importers of investments set in their national legislation trade-related investment measures, which are usually called «performance requirements» (requirements to achieve certain nationally and economically useful results). The Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures (TRIMs) concluded during the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations in 1994, limited the ability of states to use «performance requirements», which, according to the author, does not meet the interests of developing countries and promote their progressive development.
Keywords: foreign investor, investments, «performance requirements», WTO, TRIMS.
Work bibliographic list
1. Soglashenie po svjazannym s torgovlej investicionnym meram (TRIMs/TRIMs) [rus., angl.] (g. Marrakesh, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) // Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 2012. #37 (prilozhenie VI). St. 2650–2653.
2. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii ot 30.12.1995 # 225-FZ (red. ot 19.07.2011) «O soglashenijah o razdele produkcii» // Sobranie Zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii. 1996. # 1. St. 18; 2011. # 30 (ch. 1). St. 4596.
3. Vel'jaminov G. M. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: opyty. M.:Statut, 2015.
4. Vitctum V. G. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo / V. G. Vitctum [i dr.]; per. s nem., 2-e izd. / [V. Bergmann, sost.]. M.:Infotropik Media, 2015.
5. Danel'jan A. A., Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnyj investicionnyj arbitrazh: Uchebnoe posobie. M.;
SPb., Centr gumanitarnyh iniciativ, 2013.