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SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES №  2  (93) 2016 - 2




 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
THE 15TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF ENERGY POLICY AND DIPLOMACY OF MOSCOW STATE INSTITUTE OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Guliyev I. A.
The anniversary of the MGIMO MIEP: 15 years at the forefront of training in the field of energy diplomacy
The article is devoted to the 15th anniversary of the International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy (IIEPD) within MGIMO under the MFA of Russia. The author highlighted the key events that led to the need to establish such a unique educational and research center, as well as focused on the main achievements of the Institute.
IIEPD of MGIMO is one of the leading educational centers in Russia and in the world, carrying out in-depth training of specialists studying the processes occurring in modern geopolitics, energy diplomacy and international relations in the energy field. Graduates of the Institute are unique high quality professionals with language qualifications, including rare and are in demand in the labor market. Currently IIEPD is not only a major educational and methodical but also a scientific center, which provides high-quality basic and vocational training and is based on the best practices of the national educational system and experience of leading educational institutions of higher education.
Keywords: IIEPD, MGIMO, energy policy, diplomacy, education in the sphere of fuel and energy complex.
Work bibliographic list
1. Salygin V. I. 100 % nashih vypusknikov trudoustroeny // Truboprovodnyj transport nefti. 2015. # 9.S. 58–64.
2. Salygin V. I. Mezhdunarodnoe jenergeticheskoe sotrudnichestvo i jenergeticheskaja diplomatija // Neft'
Rossii. 2003. # 1. S. 38–39.
3. Salygin V. I. MITJeK MGIMO (U) MID Rossii – kadrovyj potencial rossijskoj jenergeticheskoj diplomatii // Diplomaticheskij vestnik. 2003. # 2. S. 196–199.
4. Salygin V. Rossijsko-amerikanskij jenergodialog:novyj jetap // Mirovaja jenergeticheskaja politika.
2002. # 10. S. 60–61.
5. Salygin V., Voroncov B. Dialog na jenergeticheskuju temu:o razvitii rossijsko-ital'janskogo partnerstva // Mi-rovaja jenergeticheskaja politika. 2003. # 6. S. 40–41.
6. Salygin V.I. MIJeP – shkola jenergeticheskoj politiki i diplomatii // Vestnik MGIMO Universite-
ta. 2015. # 4 (43). S. 9–17.
7. Salygin V.I. MIJeP MGIMO – 10 let // Akademija jenergetiki. 2011. # 2 (40). S. 89.
8. Salygin V. I. MIJeP: kuznica specialistov v oblasti jenergeticheskoj diplomatii // Jenergopolis.
2009. # 1–2 (17-18). S. 30–35.
9. Salygin V. I. Pervoe mesto na jenergeticheskom p'edestale? // Jekonomika i TJeK segodnja. 2006. # 2. S. 107–108.
10. Salygin V. I. Podgotovka diplomatov dlja rossijskogo TJeK // Diplomaticheskij vestnik. 2001. # 12.
S. 175–177.
11. Salygin V. I. Rossijsko-francuzskij institut jenergeticheskoj diplomatii // Mirovaja jenergeticheskaja politika. 2002. # 7. S. 74–75.
12. Salygin V. I. Jenergeticheskij proryv v rossijsko-amerikanskih otnoshenijah // Mirovaja jenergeticheskaja politika. 2002. # 9. S. 52–53.
13. Bourmistrov A., Gudmestad O., Zolotukhin A., Salygin V. Norwegian-Russian cooperation on oil and gas education // V knige: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation:Barents Sea Scenarios 2015. R. 111–124.

  
 
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Litvinyuk I. I.
Economic preconditions for future global oil refining industry development
Oil refining industry, as an integral part of the whole oil industry value chain, is a set of physical and chemical processes aimed to obtain commercial types of petroleum products to meet the demand of end users. From the economic point of view, the refining industry is represented by a number of business entities, which are aimed at maximizing profits, and carry on their production and business activities within the constraints arising from the supply of raw material (crude oil) and from the final demand for the goods that are being produced (oil products).
The current state of discovered fossil fuel resources does not act as a limiting factor to meet growing global energy needs. However, it can be argued that even with adequate provision of oil refining volumes with raw materials, the depletion of the major producing fields will lead to oil degradation (growth of sulfur content). The majority of the investment in the oil refining industry is expected to be directed at into existing facilities improvement in order to meet the growing requirements for environmental protection.
Keywords: international economics, global crude oil market, oil product markets, investments, oil production, oil refining industry, scenarios, forecasting.
Work bibliographic list
1. Braginskiĭ O. B. Neftegazovyĭ kompleks mira. M.:Izd-vo «Neft' i gaz» RGU nefti i gaza im. I. M. Gubkina, 2006.
2. Braginskiĭ O. B., Shlihter Je. B. Mirovaja neftepererabotka: jekologicheskoe izmerenie. M.: Academia,
2002.
3. Guliev I., Litvinjuk I. Rol' Rossii v razvitii mirovoj neftepererabatyvajushhej promyshlennosti //
Mirovoe i nacional'noe hozjajstvo. 2015. # 2 (33).
4. Guliev I. A., Mustafinov R. K. Obzor prognozov dolgosrochnogo izmenenija srednevzveshennoj ceny
na neft' // Uchenye zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Obshhestvennye i gumanitarnye nauki. 2015. # 7 (152).
5. Manolov D. D., Braginskij O. B., Milovidov K. N.Rynok dizel'nogo topliva v stranah Balkanskogo regiona, strategicheskoe mesto Burgasskogo NPZ[Jelektronnyj resurs] // Neft', Gaz i Biznes, 2013.Rezhim dostupa: http://evropris.ru/wp-content/uploads/Manolov-D.D.-Neft'gaz-i-biznes.pdf
6. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. Problemy sovremennoj jenergetiki v kontekste ustojchivogo razvitija // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve Materialy VII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii n.-i. c. «Akademicheskij». North Charleston, SC, USA, 2015.
7. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A. O., Litvinjuk I. I. Analiz __________perspektiv potreblenija dizel'nogo topliva v stranah, v kotorye osushhestvljaetsja postavka nefteproduktov cherez porty Chernomorskogo i Baltijskogo bassejnov // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve Materialy V mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, 2015.
8. Salygin V. I., Litvinjuk I. I. Obzor scenariev razvitija jenergetiki mira // Vestnik MGIMO-Univer-
siteta. 2016. # 2 (47).
9. Bondarenko A. V., Lukijanov M. Ju. Persona grata. Znachenie neftegazovoj politiki Rossii dlja global'-
noj jekonomiki. Interv'ju s Ramilem Nazifovichem Bahtizinym, prezidentom Akademii nauk Respubliki Bashkortostan, i. o. rektora Ufimskogo gosudarstvennogo neftjanogo tehnicheskogo universiteta, dok-
torom fiziko-matematicheskih nauk, professorom //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2014. # 11 (78).
10. Best policy practices for promoting energy efficiency. A structured framework of best practices in policies to promote energy efficiency for climate change mitigation and sustainable development / Tromop R., Badaker V., Dzioubinski O., Foster S., Held S., Litvinyuk I. // New York, Geneva, 2015. Ser. 43 UNECE Energy Series.
11. Development of global refinery capacity for crude oil from 1970 to 2014 (in 1,000 barrels per day) [Jelektronnyj resurs] // STATISTA.COM, 2016. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.statista.com/statistics/264333/global-refinery-capacity-for-crude-oil/
12. Global trends in oil & gas markets to 2025 [Jelektronnyj resurs] / Global Trends in Refining // Lukoil, 2013. S. 26. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.lukoil.com/materials/doc/documents/Global_trends_to_2025.pdf




Guliyev I. A.

Litvinyuk I. I.

Markin A. S.

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Guliyev I. A., Litvinyuk I. I., Markin A. S.
Dispute settlement mechanisms in development and operation of transboundary field the framework agreement between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Kingdom of Norway concerning Cross-Boundary Petroleum Cooperation
The article is devoted to the analysis of existing dispute settlement mechanisms under the Framework Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway concerning Cross-Boundary Petroleum Cooperation, 2005.
Keywords: transboundary fields, Framework Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway concerning Cross-Boundary Petroleum Co-operation, dispute settlement mechanism.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ramochnoe soglashenie mezhdu Velikobritaniej i Korolevstvom Norvegija o transgranichnom sotrudnichestve v sfere dobychi nefti 2005 g. (Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Government of the Kingdom of Norway concerning Cross-Boundary Petroleum Co-operation, dated 4 April 2005.)
2. Bondarenko A. V., Lukijanov M. Ju. Persona grata. Znachenie neftegazovoj politiki Rossii dlja global'noj jekonomiki. Interv'ju s Ramilem Nazifovichem Bahtizinym, prezidentom Akademii nauk Respubliki Bashkortostan, i. o. rektora Ufimskogo gosudarstvennogo neftjanogo tehnicheskogo universiteta, doktorom fiziko-matematicheskih nauk, professorom //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2014. # 11 (78).
3. Vylegzhanin A. N. Morskie prirodnye resursy (Mezhdunarodno-pravovoj rezhim). M.: SOPS Minje-
konomrazvitija RF i RAN, 2001.
4. Vylegzhanin A. N. Prava na morskie prirodnye resursy // Hozjajstvo i pravo. 1997. # 5.
5. Guliev I. A. Problemy i perspektivy nefteprovodnyh setej Evropy // Vestnik MGIMO. 2014. # 4 (37).
6. Guliev I. A., Gulieva P. V. Aktual'nye voprosy nefteprovodov Evropy // Nauchnoe obozrenie. 2015. # 13.
7. Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. Jekonomicheskie aspekty osvoenija jenergeticheskih resursov Arktiki v
kontekcte ustojchivogo razvitija // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 21: Upravlenie (gosudarstvo i obshhestvo). 2015. # 3.
8. Guliev I. A., Mustafinov R. K. Obzor prognozov dolgosrochnogo izmenenija srednevzveshennoj ceny na neft' // Uchenye zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Obshhestvennye i gumanitarnye nauki. 2015. # 7 (152).
9. Guliev I. A., Mustafinov R. K. Jenergeticheskaja diplomatija v Chernomorskom regione // Neft', gaz i
biznes. 2015. # 8.
10. Guliev I. A., Ruzakova V. I. Znachenie uglevodorodnyh resursov Arktiki dlja jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti Rossii // Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. Jelektronnyj vestnik. 2015. # 49.
11. Zakirjahodzhaev L. D. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoj rezhim transgranichnyh mineral'nyh resursov: Avto-
ref. diss. … kand. jurid. nauk. Special'nost' 12.00.10 Mezhdunarodnoe pravo; Evropejskoe pravo. M., 2006.
12. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy nedropol'zovanija.\Ucheb. posobie / Avt.: Vylegzhanin A. N., Golicyn V. V., Kolosov Ju. M. i dr.; Otv. red. prof. A. N. Vylegzhanin. M.: MGIMO (U) MID Rossii, 2007.
13. MID RF [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa:http://www.mid.ru
14. Sajt organov gosudarstvennoj vlasti Velikobritanii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: https://
www.gov.uk/
15. Salygin V. I. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo kak instrument obespechenija global'noj i regional'noj jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti // Jenergeticheskaja politika. 2008. # 6.
16. Salygin V. I. Mezhdunarodnoe jenergeticheskoe sotrudnichestvo i jenergeticheskaja diplomatija // Neft'
Rossii. 2003. # 1.
17. Salygin V. I. Rossija v mezhdunarodnom jenergeticheskom prostranstve // Burenie i neft'. 2004. # 1.
18. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A. O., Hubaeva A. O. Zarubezhnyj opyt primenenija principa «kachaj ili
plati» v sfere truboprovodnogo transporta // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2015. # 4 (43).
19. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Hubaeva A. O. Osobennosti osvoenija arkticheskih neftegazovyh resursov
v kontekste ustojchivogo razvitija // Science in the modern information society V. Vol. 3. North Charleston,
SC, USA. 2015.
20. Jelektronnaja baza zakonodatel'stva Velikobritanii[Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/
21. Bourmistrov A., Gudmestad O., Zolotukhin A., Salygin V. Norwegian-Russian Cooperation on Oil And Gas Education// V knige: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation:Barents Sea Scenarios 2015.




INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Sarycheva O. A.
Economic preconditions and initial results of the Mexico’s oil sector reform: new markets, new opportunities
The changes occurring in the fuel and energy complex of Mexico since December 2013 as a result of the oil industry reform, attract considerable attention from stakeholders interested in the development of Mexico's oil resources. The essence of the reform is to provide opportunities for foreign companies to invest in the country’s oil sector and operate in partnership with state-owned Mexico's Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex) oil company in order to develop new oil fields.
Energy reform is seen as the most important Mexico’s step to open its energy market to outside investors since its accession to NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement). The reform, on the one hand, is designed to ensure the inflow of modern technology and investment in the mining sector of the country, as well as to de-monopolize the sector of power generation, which is expected to lead to the emergence of a number of new independent power producers, to increase competition and reduce the cost of electricity for end consumers.
At the same time, concerns that the government overestimates the possible prospects of the implementation of the energy reform remain: current situation in oil prices, the opacity of auctions providing licenses for the development of deposits, and difficult operation conditions in the sectors in which oil reserves are concentrated, can become a cause to gradual decline of foreign investors’ interest to conduct business in Mexico, which itself, because of the technological limitations of the Pemex, objectively requires new technologies to maintain and increase oil production levels.
The article provides an overview of Mexico's energy sector, the analysis of economic and technological preconditions for the implementation of energy reforms and the consequences of changes in the structure of the country's energy sector, as well as the study of the prospects for development of Russian oil companies in Mexico. Due to a broad range of issues, the author, in spite of the high socioeconomic importance of the issue, bypasses the changes in the Mexico’s electricity sector.
Keywords: oil, petroleum products, fuel and energy complex, government regulation, energy reform, Mexico, Russia.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bondarenko A. V., Lukijanov M. Ju. Persona grata. Znachenie neftegazovoj politiki Rossii dlja global'-
noj jekonomiki. Interv'ju s Ramilem Nazifovichem Bahtizinym, prezidentom Akademii nauk Respubliki Bashkortostan, i. o. rektora Ufimskogo gosudarstvennogo neftjanogo tehnicheskogo universiteta, doktorom fiziko-matematicheskih nauk, professorom //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2014. # 11 (78).
2. Guliev I. Rol' Rossii v razvitii mirovoj neftepererabatyvajushhej promyshlennosti / Guliev I., Lit-
vinjuk I. // Mirovoe i nacional'noe hozjajstvo. 2015.# 2 (33).
3. Guliev I. A. O. Jenergeticheskaja politika neftegazovyh kompanij Rossii v novejshih uslovijah vvedenija sankcij // Vestnik NGUJeU. 2015. # 2.
4. Guliev I. A. Obzor prognozov dolgosrochnogo izmenenija srednevzveshennoj ceny na neft' / Guliev I. A.,Mustafinov R. K. // Uchenye zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Obshhestvennye i gumanitarnye nauki. 2015. # 7 (152).
5. Guliev I. A. Ocenka vlijanija sankcij na neftegazovye kompanii Rossii / Guliev I. A., Mustafinov R.K. // Problemy jekonomiki i upravlenija neftegazovym kompleksom. 2015. # 5.
6. Guliev I. A. Ocenka vnutristrukturnyh i vneshnejekonomicheskih preobrazovanij strategicheskih predprijatij v uslovijah finansovo-jekonomicheskoj nestabil'nosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Serija 21: Upravlenie (gosudarstvo i obshhestvo).2012. # 1.
7. Mehdiev Je. T. Sovremennaja diplomatija: novye vyzovy // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki.
2009. # 5 (49).
8. Salygin V. I. Zarubezhnyj opyt primenenija principa «kachaj ili plati» v sfere truboprovodnogo
transporta / Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A. O., Hubaeva A. O. // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2015. # 4 (43).
9. Salygin V. I. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo kak instrument obespechenija global'noj i regional'noj jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti // Jenergeticheskaja politika. 2008. # 6.
10. Salygin V. I. Problemy sovremennoj jenergetiki v kontekste ustojchivogo razvitija / Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve Materialy
VII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii n.-i. c. «Akademicheskij». North Charleston, SC,
USA, 2015.__
11. Salygin V. I. Rol' standartov v tehnicheskom regulirovanii dejatel'nosti po transportirovke nefti i nefteproduktov / Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom
informacionnom obshhestve Materialy VII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii n.-i.c. «Akademicheskij». North Charleston, SC, USA, 2015.
12. Salygin V. I. Upravlenie razvitiem korporativnyh sistem / Baranov V. V., Salygin V. I. // V sbornike: XII vserossijskoe soveshhanie po problemam upravlenija VSPU-2014 Institut problem upravlenija im. V. A. Trapeznikova RAN. 2014.
13. Salygin V. I., Litvinjuk I. I. Obzor scenariev razvitija jenergetiki mira // Vestnik MGIMO-Universiteta. 2016. # 2 (47).
14. Starinskaja G. «Lukojl» poboretsja za neft' Meksiki [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Jelektronnoe periodicheskoe izdanie «Vedomosti». # 3951. 2015. Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/business/articles/2015/11/02/615157-lukoil-poboretsya-neft-meksiki
15. Atlantic Council Fact Sheet [Jelektronnyj resurs] //Atlantic Council. – 2014. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.atlanticcouncil.org/images/files/Energy_Reform_Fact_Sheet.pdf
16. BP Statistical Review of World Energy // BP. 2015.
17. Clare R. S., Ratner M., Villarreal M. A., Brown P. Mexico’sOil and Gas Sector: Background, Reform Efforts, and Implications for the United States // Congressional Research Service, 2015.
18. Energy Reform Could Increase Mexico’s Long-Term Oil Production by 75 % [Jelektronnyj resurs] // EIA,
press-reliz, 2014.
19. Fausset R. Tons of Thousands Protest Mexican Oil Reforms // Los Angeles Times, 2013.
20. HSIP Gold // Platts, 2012.
21. Iliff L., Harrup A. Mexico Awards Three Areas in Oil Auction // The Wall Street Journal, 2015.
22. Krauze E. Mexico’s Theology of Oil // New York Times, 2013.
23. Petraeus D. H., Zoellick R. B., O’Neil S. K. North America: Time for a New Focus [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Council on Foreign Relations, Independent Task Force Report No. 71. 2014. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.cfr.org/northamerica/north-america/p33536
24. Tunstall T., Oyakawa J., Bueno A. Economic Impact and Legal Analysis of the Shale Oil and Gas Activities in Mexico (Preliminary Report) // Wilson Center, 2015.




Guliyev I. A.

Akieva L. B.

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Guliyev I. A., Akieva L. B.
Liquefied natural gas (LNG) market prospects for Russia
During the 2015 the world energy markets have undergone significant changes caused by excess
of supply of crude oil and the subsequent significant reduction in the price of this resource. The decline in oil prices has led to a variety of consequences for the market development of liquefied natural gas, especially for countries in the process of increasing its export potential, including Russia.
Keywords: LNG, natural gas, import, export, energy markets, energy, hydrocarbon resources.
Work bibliographic list
1. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. Vostochnyj vektor jenergeticheskoj diplomatii Rossii:
truboprovodnye proekty s Kitaem // Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve VII Vol. I. North Charleston, SC, USA. 2015.
2. Salygin V. I. Problemy sovremennoj jenergetiki v kontekste ustojchivogo razvitija / V. I. Salygin, I. A. Guliev, I. I. Litvinjuk // Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve VII Vol. I. North Charleston, SC, USA. 2015.
3. Salygin V. I., Litvinjuk I. I. Obzor scenariev razvitija jenergetiki mira // Vestnik MGIMO-Univer-siteta. 2016. # 2 (47).
4. Guliev I. A. Jenergeticheskaja diplomatija v Chernomorskom regione / I. A. Guliev, R. K. Mustafinov //Neft', gaz i biznes. 2015. # 8.
5. Guliev I. A. Jenergeticheskaja politika neftegazovyh kompanij Rossii v novejshih uslovijah vvedenijasankcij // Vestnik NGUJeU. 2015. # 2.
6. Guliev I. A. Ocenka vlijanija sankcij na neftegazovye kompanii Rossii / I. A. Guliev, R. K. Mustafi-nov // Problemy jekonomiki i upravlenija neftegazovym kompleksom. 2015. # 5.
7. Guliev I. A. Sovremennoe sostojanie gazovoj otrasli Rossii: rol' sosednih stran i Turcii vo vneshnej jenergeticheskoj politike / I. A. Guliev, V. Ozdemir// Problemy jekonomiki. 2012. # 1.
8. Guliev I. A. Nekotorye aspekty razvitija strategicheskih predprijatij stran SNG (na primere gazovojotrasli) // Neft', Gaz i Biznes. 2011. # 10.
9. Guliev I. A. Ocenka vnutristrukturnyh i vneshneje-konomicheskih preobrazovanij strategicheskih predprijatij v uslovijah finansovo-jekonomicheskoj nestabil'nosti // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta.Ser. 21, Upravlenie (gosudarstvo i obshhestvo). 2012. # 1.
10. Guliev I. A. Rol' Rossii v razvitii mirovoj neftepererabatyvajushhej promyshlennosti / I. A. Guliev, I. I. Litvinjuk // Mirovoe i nacional'noe hozjajstvo. 2015. # 2(33).
11. Statistical review of world energy, 64th edition. London: BP, 2015.
12. Mehdiev Je. T. Sovremennaja diplomatija: novye vyzovy // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki.
2009. # 5 (49).
13. Mehdiev Je. T. Rol' mnogostoronnej diplomatii v uslovijah globalizacii na primere OBSE // Vestnik
Permskogo universiteta. Serii: Istorija i Politologija. 2009. # 3.
14. Technically recoverable shale oil and shale gas resources. Washington, D.C.: EIA, 2013.
15. Statisticheskij ezhegodnik mirovoj jenergetiki 2015 [Jelektronnyj resurs] // https://yearbook.enerdata.ru/natural-gas-consumption-in-the-world.html
16. Fisher J. Prices Expected to Take Beating in Coming Gas-on-Gas War // NGI weekly gas market report. – November, 2014.
17. Natural Gas Weekly Update. Washington, D.C.: IEA, 2016.




LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Samadov B. O.
About some problems of the implementation of responsibility in business under the laws of Tajikistan
The article deals with some legal issues of responsibility in implementation of free business activity under the current legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan. Measures of the businessmen's responsibility for the improper performance of their duties established by legislation have a significant impact on the legal status of businessmen, which is limited to certain principles and objectives of responsibility establishment and application.
Keywords: responsibility, state regulation, business activity, branches of power, constitutional principles, professionalism, cultural values.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Respubliki Tadzhikistan (prinjata 6 nojabrja 1994g.). Dushanbe: Konunijat, 2014. 2. Zakon
Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O Gosudarstvennoj zashhite i podderzhke predprinimatel'stva v Respublike
Tadzhikistan» // Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan. 2002. # 4, ch. 1. St. 293; 2005. # 7. St.
400; 2007. # 5. St. 364; 2008. # 12, ch. 2. St. 997.
2. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite i podderzhke predprinimatel'stva» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: www.mmk.tj
3. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O proverkah dejatel'nosti hozjajstvujushhih sub"ektov v Respublike
Tadzhikistan» / Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan. 2006. # 7. St. 342; 2008. # 3. St. 196.
4. Zakona Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O proverkah dejatel'nosti hozjajstvujushhih sub"ektov» [Jelektronnyj
resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: www.mmk.tj
5. Bratus' S. N. Juridicheskaja otvetstvennost' i zakonnost'. M., 1976.
6. Zhilinskij S. Je. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo (pravovaja osnova predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti).
M.: Norma, 2007.
7. Predprinimatel'skoe (hozjajstvennoe) pravo. T. 1./ Otv. red. d.ju.n., prof. O. M. Olejnik. M., Jurist',
1999.
8. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo: Uchebnik / Pod red. E.P. Gubina, P. G. Lahno. M., 2003.
9. Predprinimatel'skoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii// Pod red. prof. E. P. Gubin, P. G. Lahno. M., NOR-MA–INFRA-M, 2010.
10. Strogovich M. S. Sushhnost' juridicheskoj otvetstvennosti // Sovetskoe gosudarstvo i pravo. 1979. # 5.




LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Gabdrakhmanov F. V.
Retroactive effect of criminal law in post-soviet countries
The article on the basis of analysis of international and criminal law, judicial practice reveals the features of the application retroactivity principle of the criminal law in post-Soviet countries. It is noted the similarity of approaches in the legal regulation and its implementation in judicial practice. The specific content of this constitutional principle is reflected in all criminal codes. Retroactive effect of criminal law is applicable to persons who had committed relevant acts before the entry of this law into force, including persons serving sentences or having served sentences but have criminal record. The law which eliminates the criminality of an act (the Criminal Code of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan), softens the punishment (and even liability – in the Criminal Code of Kazakhstan), or otherwise (except for the Criminal Code of Kyrgyzstan) improves the situation of the person who committed the crime recognized to be softer. Criminal law, which establishes criminality or punishability of an act, amplifies the applicable punishment or otherwise worsens a person's situation, is not retroactive.
Keywords: criminal law, penal code, retroactivity of the criminal law, punishment, criminal record.
Work bibliographic list
1. Analіz sudovoї praktiki zastosuvannja zvorotnoї dії zakonu pro krimіnal'nu vіdpovіdal'nіst' u chasі (vi-
tjag). Materіal pіdgotovleno suddeju Verhovnogo Sudu Ukraїni Є. І. Kovtjuk, pomіchnikom suddі Verhovnogo
Sudu Ukraїni L. Ju. Tregub і naukovim konsul'tantom vіddіlu analіzu sudovoї statistiki ta uzagal'-
nennja sudovoї praktiki І. B. Lavrovs'koju [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.scourt.gov.
ua/clients/vsu/ vsu.nsf/ (documents)/4 E106A1CAAC05D6BC2257EFA002FFE2E (data obrashhenija: 26.12.2015).
2. Borchashvili I. Sh., Kommentarij k Ugolovnomu Kodeksu Respubliki Kazahstan. [Jelektronnyj re-
surs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/T970000167_/t970167.htm (data obrashhenija: 27.05.2014).
3. Verina G. V. Aktual'nye voprosy obratnoj sily ugolovno-pravovyh norm o nakazanii v spektre novell Federal'nogo zakona ot 7 dekabrja 2011 g. // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2012. # 5.
4. Viskov N. V. Reforma UK RF i kriterii dopustimosti obratnoj sily ugolovnogo zakona v chasti smjagchenija nakazanija // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2012. # 5.
5. Volevodz A. G., Kopylova E. A. O sisteme sosushhestvovanija rossijskogo i inostrannogo ugolovnogo prava i ego processual'nogo primenenija na perehodnyj period v Krymu i Sevastopole // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2014. # 4 (71).
6. Vseob"emljushhij obzor hoda osushhestvlenija rezoljucii 1540 (2004), prinjatoj Sovetom Bezopasnosti 28 aprelja 2004 goda S. 3. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa:http://www.un.org/ru/sc/1540/comprehensive-review/cr_paper_element_e.pdf. (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2015).
7. Elinskij A. V. Zapret obratnoj sily bolee strogogo ugolovnogo zakona v interpretacii Evropejskogo
suda po pravam cheloveka i organov sudebnogo konstitucionnogo kontrolja // Sravnitel'noe konstituci-
onnoe obozrenie. 2012. # 1.
8. Erasov A. M. Obratnaja sila ugolovnogo zakona: Avtoref. dis. ... kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2004.
9. Nauchno-prakticheskij kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Respubliki Belarus' / N. F. Ahramenka
[i dr.] ; pod obshh. red. A. V. Barkova, V. M. Homicha. Minsk: GIUST BGU, 2007.
10. Obzor sudebnoj praktiki Verhovnogo Suda Rossijskoj Federacii za janvar' – ijul' 2014 goda // Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. 2014. # 11.
11. Opredelenie Sudebnoj kollegii po ugolovnym delam Verhovnogo Suda RF ot 18 maja 2012 g. N 56-O12-26// Bjulleten' Verhovnogo Suda RF. 2012. # 11.
12. Reshenie Verhovnogo Suda Respubliki Moldova ot 25 avgusta 2009 goda po delu #. 1 re-851/09 [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://cauta.csj.md/legy/document/ view/ c5757c93 f4d6c6432c636fe57f8e477(data obrashhenija: 15.01.2015).
13. Cepelev V. F. Metodologicheskie predposylki obratnoj sily ugolovnogo zakona // Ugolovnoe pravo. 2012. # 5.
14. Jakubov A. E. Obratnaja sila ugolovnogo zakona: nekotorye problemy sovershenstvovanija Ugolovnogo
kodeksa Rossijskoj Federacii. SPb.: Izdatel'stvo «Juridicheskij centr Press», 2003. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://5fan.ru/wievjob.php?id=15919 (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2015).
15. Tallinna Ringkonnakohus Otsuse tegemise aeg ja koht 4.juuni 2015.a. file:///C:/Users/User1/Downloads/1-15-3148.pdf (data obrashhenija: 15.01.2015).




LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Mekhdiev E. T.
National Minorities in Georgia: The case of Azerbaijanis
The article analyzes, through the example of the Azerbaijani population, compactly living in Kvemo Kartli, the policy of Georgia towards national minorities in the period of the independence formation.
The particular attention is given to the socio-economic, cultural and linguistic problems of Azerbaijanis in Georgia.
Keywords: national minorities, Georgia, Azerbaijanis, state policy, the Georgian language.
Work bibliographic list
1. Chernjavskij S. S. Kavkazskoe napravlenie vneshnej politiki Rossii. Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn'. 2000. #
8–9.
2. Silaev N. Ju. (rec.) Markedonov S. M. Jetnonacional'nyj i religioznyj faktor v obshhestvenno-poli-
ticheskoj zhizni kavkazskogo regiona. M.: Maks press,2005.
3. Silaev N. Ju., Sushencov A. A. Gruzija posle vyborov i perspektivy rossijsko-gruzinskih otnoshenij.
M., 2012.
4. Rustamova L.R. «Umnaja sila» Rossii nabiraet oboroty. Pravo i upravlenie. XXI vek. 2014. # 3 (32). S. 53-58.
5. Mehdieva U. M. Instrumenty podderzhanija i ukreplenija russkojazychnogo prostranstva v stranah SNG
(na primere Azerbajdzhana). Istoricheskie, filosofskie, politicheskie i juridicheskie nauki, kul'turologija i iskusstvovedenie Voprosy teorii i praktiki. 2014. # 7–1 (45).




LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Bodurova G. G.
Collision regulation of the relations arising from unfair competition on the law of the Republic of Tajikistan
This article discusses the collisional - legal regulation of the obligations arising out of unfair competition under the law of the Republic of Tajikistan. Examining this question, the author comes to the conclusion that the essential feature of the conflict regulation of relations arising from unfair competition in international private law is their private - public. In this connection, the author points out that the regulation of conflict of obligations of unfair competition, with the specific nature in the norms of national legislation is not perfect, need to make the appropriate changes, allowing fully meet the demands of increasingly complex economic relations, acquiring cross-border nature.
Keywords: conflict of regulation; obligations of unfair competition; private - public character; private-law relationship; economic entities; limit unfair competition; conflict rules.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bankovskij A. V. Deliktnye objazatel'stva v mezhdunarodnom chastnom prave: dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. –M.,2003. – 157 s.
2. Vilkova N. G. Reglamentirovanie nedobrosovestnoj konkurencii v prave Francii // Hozjajstvo i pravo, 1995.- 4 (219). – S. 117-125.
3. Voznesenskij N.N. Objazatel'stva vsledstvie nedobrosovestnoj konkurencii v mezhdunarodnom chast-
nom prave: dis. …kand.jurid.nauk. – M.,2008. – 208 s.
4. Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo: Inostrannoe zakonodatel'stvo / Predisl. A. L. Makovskogo; sost. i nauchn. red.A. N. Zhil'cov, A. I. Muranov. – M.: «Statut», 2000. – 892 s.
5. Rahimov M. Z. Konkurencija kak sredstvo dostizhenija konechnyh rezul'tatov predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti // Izbrannye trudy. – Dushanbe, «Buhoro», 2014. – S. 417-434.
6. Sultanova T. I. Zloupotreblenija dominirujushhim polozheniem na tovarnom rynke: pravovye aspekty. –Dushanbe: Izdatel'stvo «Pajvand», 2006. – 193 s.
7. Tagajnazarov Sh. T. Grazhdansko – pravovoj status lichnosti v SSSR i sovershenstvovanie grazhdanskogo zakonodatel'stva // Ukreplenie socialisticheskoj zakonnosti i sovershenstvovanie zakonodatel'stva. Sb. nauch. trudov. – Dushanbe, 1984. – S. 62-67.
8. Chudinov O. R. Ponjatie nedobrosovestnoj konkurencii v sootvetstvii s grazhdanskim pravom Francii
i Rossijskoj Federacii // Vestnik Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii prava, 2009. – #4 (68). – S. 65-70.




LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Mamadamonov U. M.
Role of the rights of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the improvement of national
legislation in the field of intellectual property the Republic of Tajikistan
This article discusses the role of the law of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in the improvement of national legislation in the field of Intellectual Property of the Republic of Tajikistan. in fulfilling the requirements of major international treaties and conventions on intellectualproperty, as well as the impact on the improvement of legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of intellectual property is considered part of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) rights.
Keywords: right to the World Trade Organization; Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); national legislation; intellectual property.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abdullin A. A. Pravovaja ohrana intellektual'noj sobstvennosti i rol' mezhdunarodnyh organizacij v ee razvitii (na primere OON i ee specializirovanyh uchrezhdenij) // Vestnik jekonomiki, prava i so-
ciologii. –2012. – # 3. – S. 157-162.
2. Grigorjan S. A. Mezhdunarodno-pravovaja sistema vsemirnoj torgovoj organizacii i interesy Rossii.
Dis….dok.jurid.nauk: 12.00.10. – M., 2000. – 364 s.
3. Garmonizacija i unifikacija nacional'nyh zakonodatel'stv stran SNG v svjazi s vstupleniem v VTO: materialy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii (Dushanbe, 13 aprelja 2012 g.). – Dushanbe: RTSU,2012.
4. Dvornikov D.V. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoj mehanizm zashhity prav intellektual'noj sobstvennosti v ramkah Vsemirnoj torgovoj organizacii. Dis…. kand.jurid.nauk: 12.00.10. M., 2005.
5. Zenkin I. V. Pravo Vsemirnoj torgovoj organizacii. – M.: Mezhdunarodnye otnoshenija, 2014. – 792 s
6. Martynov P. A. Soglashenie TRIPS: pravovoj analiz i vlijanie na rossijskoe zakonodatel'stvo v ob-
lasti intellektual'noj sobstvennosti. Dis….kand.jurid.nauk: 12.00.03. – M., 2005.
7. Starikov P.V. Rol' pravo Vsemirnoj torgovoj organizacii v formirovanie global'nogo jekonomiche-
skogo pravoporjadka. Dis…. kand.jurid.nauk: 12.00.10.– M., 2006.
8. Cepov A. B. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty dejatel'nosti Vsemirnoj torgovoj organizacii (VTO).
Dis…kand.jurid.nauk: 12.00.10. – M., 1999. – 169 s.
9. Shumilov V. M. Pravo Vsemirnoj torgovoj organizacii (VTO): uchebnik dlja magistrov i aspirantov. – M.:Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2014. – 219s.




LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Samadov B. O.
Legal aspects of regulation of protection of competition in the sphere of entrepreneurial activity according to the legislation of Tajikistan
In presented article are considered some legal aspects of the protection of competition in
entrepreneurial activity under the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan. The comparative analysis of the legal norms of the antimonopoly law in some CIS countries, such as Russia, Kazakhstan, conclusions and proposals for the adoption of progressive legal provisions in the legislation of Tajikistan.
Keywords: competition, monopoly, entrepreneur, economic subject, norms of law, civil law, constitutional norms, the law
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Respubliki Tadzhikistan (prinjata 6 nojabrja 1994g.). – Dushanbe, Konunijat, 2014.
2. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii (prinjata 12 dekabrja 1993g.) – Novosibirsk, 2014.
3. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O konkurencii i ogranichenii monopolisticheskoj dejatel'nosti na
tovarnyh rynkah» // Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan, 2006 g., #7, st. 346; 2008 g., #10,
st. 811; 2012 g., #12, ch.1, st. 1007; Zakon RT ot 18.03.2015 g., # 1195.
4. Federal'nyj Zakon Rossijskoj Federacii «O zashhite konkurencii» // Konsul'tant Pljus: Vysshaja shkola, 2015.
5. Puginskij B. I. Kommercheskoe pravo Rossii. Klassicheskij universitetskij uchebnik. M.: Zercalo-M, 2013.
6. Samadov B. O. Pravovoe polozhenie individual'nogo predprinimatelja v Respublike Tadzhikistan i v
Rossijskoj Federacii: sravnenie i pravovoj analiz. / Pod red. prof. O. M. Olejnik. Hudzhand, 2011.




LAW OF THE CIS COUNTRIES
Sattorova N. M.
Legal problems of development of small businesses in modern Tajikistan
The article considers legal problems of development of small businesses in the Republic of Tajikistan. The authors also consider some issues of legal rules governing the implementation of the small business and in some aspects make the comparative conclusion about the implementation of regalatory acts.
Keywords: constitution, legal norms, small business, legal act, law, legislation, source, social relationship, legal regulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Respubliki Tadzhikistan. Dushanbe,2014.
2. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite i podderzhke predprinimatel'stva» // Ahbori Madzhlisi Oli Respubliki Tadzhikistan. 2014. #7, ch. 2. St. 404; Zakon RT ot 18.03.2015 g., # 1194.
3. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O gosudarstvennoj zashhite i podderzhke predprinimatel'stva v Respublike Tadzhikistan» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: www.mmk.tj
4. Zakon Respubliki Tadzhikistan «O gosudarstvennoj registracii juridicheskih lic i individual'nyh
predprinimatelej» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: www.mmk.tj
5. Federal'nyj zakon Rossijskoj Federacii «O razvitii malogo i srednego predprinimatel'stva v Ros-
sijskoj Federacii» // Konsul'tant Pljus: Vysshaja shkola, 2015, razd. Pravovye akty RF.
6. Odinaev A. Sh. Pravovye aspekty postroenija grazhdanskogo obshhestva v Respublike Tadzhikistan // Za-
kon i pravo. 2007. # 12.
7. Samadov B. O. O gosudarstvennoj podderzhke i pravovom regulirovanii individual'noj predprinima-
tel'skoj dejatel'nosti v Respublike Tadzhikistan //Zakon i pravo. 2009. # 8.
8. Samadov B. O. Pravovoj rezhim individual'noj predprinimatel'skoj dejatel'nosti v Respubliki
Tadzhikistan i v Rossijskoj Federacii: sravnitel'no-pravovoj analiz: diss. … kand. jurid. nauk. M.,
2010.
9. Habibov S. H., Jeshov D. K. Maloe predprinimatel'stvo. Voprosy stanovlenija, kreditno-finansovoj
podderzhki i razvitija. Dushanbe, 2006.




LAW OF THE FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Kuranin V. A.
Electoral registration reform in Great Britain
The article reviews the reasons and legal framework of the electoral registration reform in Great
Britain, presents analysis of the objectives and content of the main stages of transition of England,
Wales and Scotland from household electoral registration to individual electoral registration, describes the main features and particularities of individual electoral registration in Great Britain.
Keywords: elections, referendum, Great Britain, electoral register, electoral registration, household electoral registration, individual electoral registration.
Work bibliographic list
1. Sbornik normativnyh aktov zarubezhnogo izbiratel'nogo zakonodatel'stva / Otv. red. A. A. Veshnjakov.
M., 2004.
2. Sovremennye izbiratel'nye sistemy. Vyp. 1: Velikobritanija, Kanada, Meksika, Pol'sha / D. V. Lafitskij, N. M. Kasatkina, A. G. Orlov, N. Ju. Treshhetenkova. M.: RCOIT; Norma, 2006.
3. Analysis of the December 2014 electoral registers in England and Wales. The implementation of Individual Electoral Registration: progress report February 2015 // Portal Izbiratel'noj komissii [Jelektronnyj resurs].Rezhim dostupa: http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/182375/Analysis-of-the-December-2014-electoral-registers-in-England-and-Wales.pdf (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2015).
4. Analysis of the revised electoral registers in Scotland.The implementation of Individual Electoral Registration:
progress report April 2015// Portal Izbiratel'noj komissii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa:
http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/184302/Analysis-of-the-revisedelectoralregisters-in-Scotland.pdf (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2015).
5. Assessment of progress with the transition to Individual Electoral Registration. May 2015 electoral registers in
Great Britain: June 2015 // Portal Izbiratel'noj komissii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://
http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/190464/IER-June-report.pdf (data obrashhe-
nija: 04.02.2016).
6. Däubler-Gmelin H., Gacek U. Application to initiate a monitoring procedure to investigate electoral fraud in the United Kingdom: Opinion for the Bureau of the Assembly, Strasbourg: Council of Europe. 2008 // Sajt Parlamentskoj assamblei Soveta Evropy [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.assembly.coe.int/CommitteeDocs/2008/electoral_fraud_UK_E.pdf(data obrashhenija: 17.12.2015).
7. Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013 c. 6// Portal zakonodatel'nyh aktov Soedinennogo Korolevstva Velikobritanii i Severnoj Irlandii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.
legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2013/6/contents (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2015).
8. Lords Hansard 27 October 2015 // Oficial'nyj sajt Parlamenta Soedinennogo Korolevstva [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld201516/ldhansrd/text/151027-0001.htm#15102747000445 (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2015).
9. Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act 2000 c.41 // Portal zakonodatel'nyh aktov Soedinennogo
Korolevstva Velikobritanii i Severnoj Irlandii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.
legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/2000/41/contents (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2015).
10. Representation of the People Act 1983 c. 2 // Portal zakonodatel'nyh aktov Soedinennogo Korolevstva Velikobritanii i Severnoj Irlandii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1983/2/contents (data obrashhenija: 17.12.2015).
11. The Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013(Transitional Provisions) Order 2013 No. 3197 // Portal zakonodatel'nyh aktov Soedinennogo Korolevstva Velikobritanii i Severnoj Irlandii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2013/3197/contents/made (data obrashhenija:17.12.2015).
12. The Electoral Registration and Administration Act 2013 (Transitional Provisions) Order 2015 No. 1520// Portal zakonodatel'nyh aktov Soedinennogo Korolevstva Velikobritanii i Severnoj Irlandii [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2015/1520/introduction/made (data obrashhenija: 20.01.2016).