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Интервью с доцентом кафедры мировой политики Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета, кандидатом исторических наук Черновым Игорем Вячеславовичем

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SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES № 8 (99) 2016 - 1




 
EURASIAN GEOPOLITICS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
Farkhutdinov I. Z.
Israel doctrine on preventive self-defence and international law
The article, which is the sixth copyrighted material in this series, deals with the problems of preventive military strike by Israel against other states and terrorist groups. That was Israel who has committed in 1967 the first major pre-emptive military strike on the Egyptian air forces congestion. The Israeli military doctrine is based on attacking strategy and allows the possibility of strikes with purpose of selfdefence.
Author retrospective traces the evolution of the country's military concept in the course of more than half a century of military confrontation in the Middle East. The Israeli theory and practice of pre-emptive military strike served as a great help for the formation of the American doctrine of so-called preventive self-defense.
The author tries to find the answer, why during all three years of active fighting in Syria so-called Islamic State (ISIS), which was grown, financed, armed and sent by the United States, has never attacked Israel. Israel intends to expand the scope of preventive defense – not only conventional but also nuclear.
Keywords: self-defense principle, preventive attack, pre-emptive self-defense, deterrence strategy, Six Day War, Hamas, Hezbollah, ISIS, Article 51 of the UN, Osirak nuclear reactor Dimone, Mordechai Vanunu, The Sampson Option, Jericho-3.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Changes and Continuities in Israeli Security Policy BYCivcik, Zeynep. Middle East Technical University, 2004.
3. Cohan John Alan. The Bush Doctrine and the Emerging Norm of Anticipatory Self-Defense in Customary International Law Pace International Law Review Volume 15. Issue 2. Fall 2003. Article 1.
4. Cordesman A., Burke Arleigh A. Weapons of Mass Destruction in Middle East. April 15. 2003, p. 43. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – rezhim dostupa: http://www.iraqwatch.org/perspectives/csis-middleeast_wmd-041503.pdf (data obrashhenija: 12.10.2016).
5. Emmanoucla Mylonaki - Khalid Khedri. Re-assessing the use of force against terrorism under international law.
6. Frank, Tomas. Resours to Force: Threats and Armed attacks. 2002.
7. Ghazala Yasmin .Israel vs Arab Nuclear Programmes: A Comparative Study.
8. Gray Christine. International Law on the Use of Forse. Third edition. Oxford University Press. 2008.
9. Hakimi Monica. Defensive Force against Non-State Actors: The State of Play // International Law Studies 1(2015).
10. International Law and Armed Conflict: Exploring the Fault lines Essays in Honour of Yoram Dinstein. Edited by Michael Schmitt and Jelena Pejic. International Humanitarian Law Series. Nith off Publishers Leiden. – Boston, 2007.
11. Jordan J. Paust.Armed Attacs and Imputation:would a nuclear weaponized Iran trigger permissible Israil and U.S. mearsures of self-defence? // Georgtown Jornal of International Law. Vol. 45.
12. Kattan Victor. The Use and Abuse of Self-Defence in International Law.
13. Kenan Dulger. Turkish Pre-Emptive Strikes on Northern Iraq and the Bush Doctrine // European Scientific Journal. – December edition vol. 8. – No. 29.
14. Kevin Jon Heller. Does the Six Day War Support «Elongated » Imminence?»
15. Kretzmer David. The Inherent Right to Self Defence and Proportionality in Jus Ad Bellum // The European Journal of International Law. Vol. 24 (2013). – No. 1.
16. Military and Paramilitary Activities in and against Nicaragua (Nicaragua v. United States of America), Merits, Judgment, I. C.J.
17. Nagan Winston. Hammer Craig. The New Bush National Security Doctrine and the Rule of Law.
18. Nuclear stockpiles. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – rezhim dostupa: http://www.nuclearfiles.org/kinuclearweapons/stockpile.htm (data obrashhenija: 12.10.2016).
19. O’Connell Mary Ellen. The Myth of Preemptive Self-Defense// The American Society of International Law. 2000.
20. O’Connell M. E. Evidence of Terror // Journal of Conflict and Security Law. V. 7 (April 2002). – N 1.
21. The first war on terrorism: counter-terrorism policy during the Reagan administration / David C. Wills. Copyright 02003 by Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
22. Wedgwood Ruth. The Fall of Saddam Hussein: Security Council Mandates and Preemtive Self-Defense // American Journal of International Law. Vol. 97 (2003).
23. Ashavskij B. M. K voprosu o tolkovanii stat'i 51 Ustava OON// Materialy konferencii v chest' pro-
fessora kafedry mezhdunarodnogo prava juridicheskogo fakul'teta Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta L. N. Galenskoj / Pod red. S. V. Bahina. – SPbGU, 2009.
24. Bekjashev K. A. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i gosudarstva //
Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. − 2013. − # 5 (61).
25. Bol'shoj tolkovyj slovar' russkogo jazyka / pod obshh. red. D. N. Ushakova. – M.: Ast-Astrel', 2008.
26. Vereshhetin V. S. O nekotoryh koncepcijah v sovremennoj doktrine mezhdunarodnogo publichnogo prava // Materialy konferencii v chest' professora L.N. Galenskoj / Pod red. S. V. Bahina. – SPbGU, 2009.
27. Gorbunov Ju. S. Uprezhdajushhie mery v svete sovremennogo mezhdunarodnogo prava // Zhurnal rossijskogo prava. – 2008. – # 3.
28. Gorodeckij G. Mif «Ledokola»: nakanune vojny. –M., 1995.
29. Kirilenko V. P., Korostelev S. V. K voprosu o prave gosudarstv na uprezhdajushhee primenenie voennoj sily // Voennaja mysl'. 2011. – #9.
30. Kotljar B. C. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i sovremennye strategicheskie koncepcii SShA i NATO: Avtoref.… dokt. jurid. nauk. − M., 2007.
31. Kotljar B. C. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i sovremennye strategicheskie koncepcii SShA i NATO. – Kazan':Centr innovacionnyh tehnologij. – 2008.
32. Lukashuk I. I. Mirovoj porjadok HHI veka // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe i chastnoe pravo. – 2002. − # 1.
33. Maleev Ju. N. Reabilitacija adekvatnogo i proporcional'nogo primenenija sily // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. – 2004. – # 3/55.
34. Maleev Ju. N. Rossija i mezhdunarodnoe pravo. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii, posvjashhennoj 100-letiju F.I. Kozhevnikova. – M.: Izd. MGIMOUniversitet, 2006.
35. Malinin S. A. Pravo mezhdunarodnoj bezopasnosti// Kurs mezhdunarodnogo prava: v 7 t. – M., 1989. T. 4.
36. Mjullerson R. A., Sheffer D. Dzh. Pravovoe regulirovanie primenenija sily // Vne konfrontacii. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo v period holodnoj vojny. Sbornik statej. – M., 1996.
37. Orbeljan A. S. Pravo gosudarstv na primenenie vooruzhjonnoj sily v uslovijah sovremennyh mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij: Avtoref. dis. …. kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2008.
38. Sinicyna Ju. V. Pravomernost' primenenija prava na samooboronu protiv terroristicheskoj ugrozy v kontekste stat'e 51 Ustava OON // Pravo.by. – 2009. –# 4.
39. Skotnikov L. A. Pravo na samooboronu i novye imperativy bezopasnosti // Mezhdunarodnaja zhizn'. –2004. – # 9.
40. Tatarinov M. Voennaja doktrina Izrailja // Zarubezhnoe voennoe obozrenie. – 2015. – #6.
41. Tikitiner A. A. Obzor Livano-Izrail'skih otnoshenij i polozhenie Izrailja. Lichnyj sajt. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –rezhim dostupa: http://tiktiner.ru/lecture25 (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2016).
42. Tuzmuhamedov B. Uprezhdenie siloj: «Karolina i sovremennost'» // Rossija v global'noj politike. 6 maja 2002.
43. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo i doktrina SShA o preventivnoj samooborone // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2016. –# 2.
44. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo o primenenii gosudarstvom voennoj sily protiv negosudarstvennyh uchastnikov // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2016. –# 7.
45. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo o principe neprimenenija sily ili ugrozy siloj: istorija i sovremennost' // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal.–2015. –# 11.
46. Farhutdinov I. Z. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo o samooborone gosudarstv // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2016. –# 1.
47. Farhutdinov I. Z. Obespechenie mira i bezopasnosti: mezhdunarodno-pravovaja ocenka sobytij v Sirii //Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2015. –# 10.
48. Hlestov O. N. Rossijskaja doktrina mezhdunarodnogo prava // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2013. – # 3(58).
49. Hlestov O. N., Myshljaeva M. L. Vooruzhennaja bor'ba protiv mezhdunarodnogo terrorizma (politiko-pravovye aspekty // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. –2001. –# 4.
50. Hmelinec S. M. Voennaja doktrina Gosudarstva Izrail'. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –rezhim dostupa: http://www.iimes.ru/rus/stat/ (data obrashhenija: 15.10.2016).
51. Cyganjuk A. D. Mif o neobhodimosti preventivnogo udara. Izrail' gotovilsja k shestidnevnoj vojne neskol'ko let // Voenno-promyshlennyj kur'er. –2007.–# 21 (187).
52. Chernichenko S. V. Obshhepriznannye principy i normy mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnye dogovory Rossijskoj Federacii // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. –2015. –# 8(87).
53. Jehud Jaari. Pochemu IGIL obhodit storonoj Izrail'? // Jeho Rossii. 6 aprelja 2016 g.
54. Janov O., Ivanov I. Antiterroristicheskie aspekty dejstvij vooruzhennyh sil Izrailja // Zarubezhnoe voennoe obozrenie. –2006. –# 8.




EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Belova O. S.
International legal regulation of cooperation in the electricity sector between member states of the Community of Independent States and the Eurasian Economic Union
The research issue is focused on the general domain of the historical stages and prospects of forming a common electricity market in the states of the former Soviet Union space. The empirical part of the investigation covers international legal acts and instruments of activity of subjects of international law, taking into account characteristics of electricity as a commodity. The author gives a legal assessment of the current level of cooperation of the states - participants of the CIS in the sphere of electric power industry. Based on the comparison of the CIS experience and identified problems of international legal regulation in this area, the author considers the main elements of a common electricity market of the Eurasian Economic Union as a complex legal system related to the purchase and sale of electricity, the main ones are the subjects, technological and legal bases.
Keywords: CIS, the Eurasian Economic Union, a common electricity market, electricity purchase and sale.
Work bibliographic list
1. Gudkov I. V., Lahno P. G. Mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v sfere jenergetiki nuzhdaetsja v novoj pravovoj baze. Rossijskaja iniciativa // Juridicheskij mir. 2011. # 6.
2. Isakov I. I. Problema mezhdunarodnogo jelektrojenergeticheskogo sotrudnichestva gosudarstv v ramkah mezhdunarodnyh organizacij // Vestnik RUDN, serija Juridicheskie nauki. 2010. # 1.
3. Kuanyshbaev A. D. Integracija v sfere jelektrojenergetiki. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://yapresident.com/ru/%D0%B8%D0%BD%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%B3%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F-%D0%B2-%D1%81%D1%84%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B5-%D1%8D%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%82%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%8D%D0%BD%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B3%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BA/.
4. Mjasnik V. Ch. Koncepcija formirovanija obshhego jelektrojenergeticheskogo rynka Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza // Pravovoj jenergeticheskij forum.2015. # 3.
5. Red'kin I. V. Analiz kljuchevyh problem gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija jelektrojenergetiki po rezul'tatam zavershenija perehodnogo perioda reformy// Jenergeticheskoe pravo. 2013. # 1.
6. Red'kin I. V. O konceptual'nyh problemah i zadachah pravovogo regulirovanija rynka jelektrojenergii// Zakon. 2015. # 1.
7. Romanova V. V. Pravovoj analiz (prognoz) prioritetnyh sfer regulirovanija v sfere jenergetiki s tochki zrenija nacional'nyh interesov // Juridicheskij mir. 2015. # 7.
8. Romanova V. V. Pravovoj analiz polozhenij Dogovora o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze o formirovanii obshhego jelektrojenergeticheskogo rynka Sojuza// Pravovoj jenergeticheskij forum. 2015. # 2.




Mehdiev E. T.



EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Mehdiev E. T., Sodikov Sh. D.
The importance of the CSTO in strengthening of Russian-Tajik cooperation
In the article the role and place of the CSTO in the framework of military-political cooperation between Russia and Tajikistan. The role of Tajikistan in the region from the point of view of security since joining the CSTO until the modern period. She also noted the priorities of the CSTO in the fight against new challenges and threats to security in the Central Asian region as international terrorism, drug trafficking, extremism, etc. In General, the article notes that the strengthening of Russian-Tajik military cooperation in the long term, coincidence plays the vital national interests of the two countries that influence the formation of regional security and stability in Central Asia.
Keywords: Tajikistan, Security, Military cooperation, Central Asia, the CSTO.
Work bibliographic list
1. Mehdiev Je. T. Sovremennaja diplomatija: novye vyzovy // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki. 2009.# 5 (49). S. 136-139.
2. Borishpolec K. P., Mehdiev Je. T. Evrazijskij trend regional'nogo sotrudnichestva // V sbornike: Evrazijskaja integracija: perspektivy mezhgosudarstvennogo sotrudnichestva. Prilozhenie k periodicheskomu izdaniju «Ezhegodnik IMI». Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj institut mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij (universitet) MID Rossii, Centr voenno-politicheskih issledovanij. Ser.Knigi i broshjury IMI. Tom 28. M., 2014. S.8-20.
3. Mehdiev Je. T., Son M. G. Strategija vneregional'nyh derzhav na prostranstve Juzhnogo Kavkaza // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2013. # 11 (66). S. 157-158.
4. Orlov A. A. Polozhenie v Afganistane i vozmozhnaja ego jevoljucija v kontekste «Faktora 2014» // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2013. # 2 (29). S. 24-27.
5. Salygin V. I. Problemy sovremennoj jenergetiki v kontekste ustojchivogo razvitija // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve. Materialy VII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. n.-i. c. «Akademicheskij». 2015. S. 161-165.
6. Mehdiev Je. T., Guliev I. A. Ponjatie «mjagkoj sily» kak instrumenta global'nyh politicheskih tehnologij // Juvenis scientia. 2016. # 3. S. 49-52.
7. Guliev I. A. Nekotorye aspekty razvitija strategicheskih predprijatij stran SNG (na primere gazovoj otrasli) // Neft', gaz i biznes. 2011. # 10. S. 24-28.
8. Rustamova L. R. «Umnaja sila» Rossii nabiraet oboroty // Pravo i upravlenie. XXI vek. 2014. #3 (32). S. 53-58.
9. Chechevishnikov A. L. Mezhdunarodnaja konferencija «Central'naja Azija-Kaspij-Kavkaz: Mezhdunarodnoe politiko-jenergeticheskoe izmerenie» // V sbornike: Juzhnyj flang SNG. Aleksandrov O. B., Ahtamzjan I. A., Barabanov O. N., Bogaturov A. D., Bolgova I. V., Borovskij I. V., Vardanija G. I., Vardomskij L. B., Grigor'eva Ju. G., Danilin I. V., Degoev V. V., Zvjagel'skaja I. D., Kovach M., Kuz'mina E. M., Kurtov A. A., Luzjanin S. G., Malysheva D. B., Mal'gin A. V., Mamedov Z., Narinskij M. M. i dr. Central'naja Azija - Kaspij - Kavkaz: jenergetika i politika. Moskva, 2005. S. 439-447.
10. Rustamova L. R. «Mjagkaja sila» vo vzaimootnoshenijah FRG i musul'manskogo mira // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2015. # 4 (43). S. 144-151.
11. Rustamova L. R. Osobennosti «Mjagkoj sily» vo vneshnej politike FRG // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2016. # 1 (46). S. 118-128.




EURASIAN INTEGRATION
Golovanov R. S.
The role of political elite of the Kyrgyz Republic in the Eurasian integration
The article on the materials of the Kyrgyz Republic shows that the Eurasian project is realized only with the active participation of the elites in its political and legal, institutional and expert support.
Keywords: Eurasian integration, the Eurasian Economic Union, political elites, expert community.
Work bibliographic list
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2. Vlasov V. S. Strategicheskoe partnerstvo Rossijskoj Federacii i Kirgizskoj Respubliki: predposylki i osnovnye napravlenija. – Bishkek, 2012.
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9. Ignatov A. V. Tadzhikistan v sovremennyh mezhdunarodnyh processah: konceptual'nye osnovanija, formy uchastija i perspektivy. Dushanbe – Bishkek, 2016.
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19. Nacional'naja strategija ustojchivogo razvitija Kyrgyzskoj Respubliki na period 2013–2017 gody. Utv. Ukazom Prezidenta KR ot 21 janvarja 2013 g. # 11[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.president.kg/ru/ (data obrashhenija: 08.09.2016).
20. O rossijsko-kirgizskom jekonomicheskom sotrudnichestve: Doklad Rossijsko-Kirgizskogo Delovogo soveta. 2014 [Jelektronnyj resurs].
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22. Obrashhenie Prezidenta Almazbeka Atambaeva k uchastnikam IV Mezhregional'noj kyrgyzsko-rossijskoj konferencii. 22 sentjabrja 2015 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs].
23. Perspektivy razvitija kyrgyzsko-rossijskih vzaimootnoshenij posle vstuplenija Kyrgyzstana v EAJeS (5.10.2015) [Jelektronnyj resurs].
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26. Protokol o sozdanii Mezhpravitel'stvennoj Kyrgyzsko-Rossijskoj komissii po torgovo-jekonomicheskomu, nauchno-tehnicheskomu i gumanitarnomu sotrudnichestvu (Bishkek, 10 oktjabrja 1997 g.) [Jelektronnyj resurs].
27. Sajt Posol'stva Kirgizskoj Respubliki v Rossijskoj Federacii (13.04.2011) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://kyrgyzembassy.ru/?p=3153 (data obrashhenija: 08.09.2016).
28. Sozdavaja Tamozhennyj sojuz, Kreml' «jasno oboznachil, chto ne priznaet suverenitet i nezavisimost' ne tol'ko stran CA, no i vsego postsovetskogo prostranstva» [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:http://www.ca-news.org/print:1086465/ (data obrashhenija: 10.09.2016).
29. Te, kto ne podderzhivaet integraciju v TS, nahodjatsja v plenu ideologicheskih zabluzhdenijZul'fija Marat (19.12.2014) [Jelektronnyj resurs]
30. Temir Sariev: «V Kyrgyzstane na krupnyh rynkah strany torgovlja pritormazhivaetsja» (14.04.2014) [Jelektronnyj resurs].
31. Torgovcy Kyrgyzstana trebujut skorejshego vstuplenija v TS (07.05.2014) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. –Rezhim dostupa:



alt
Tolstykh V. L.
Arbitral award in the matter of the South China Sea arbitration (Philippines and China) on 12 July 2016, international reaction thereto and a commentary
Abstract: The article contains a summary of the Award in the matter of the South China Sea arbitration on July 12, 2016 (the Philippines and China), in which the Court clarified the scope of the Convention's compulsory settlement system; defined the characteristics of historic waters; systematically described the regime of marine formations, etc. The Court endorsed almost all demands of the Philippines: it found that it had jurisdiction, didn’t confirmed the existence of the China's historic rights, didn’t recognized the island’s status of the South China Sea’s maritime formations, which would allow China to claim sovereignty over them and surrounding maritime spaces, and found that in some cases China had violated the Philippines’ rights. The article characterizes the international reaction to the Award, both from the parties to the dispute and third countries. Separately, the author discusses the possible impact of the Award on the Russia’s maritime rights. In the last part of the article the author casts doubt on some of the key conclusions of the Court and shows what could be an alternative logic.
Keywords: international law of the sea, international legal regime of maritime areas and maritime formations, international jurisprudence




INTERNATIONAL LAW
Emelyanova N. N.
The international space security
In this article discusses the various international legal aspects of the maintenance of international
space security.
Keywords: international space law, asteroid danger, debris, international space.
Work bibliographic list
1. Vereshhetin V. S. O evropejskom proekte kodeksa povedenija pri osushhestvlenii kosmicheskoj dejatel'nosti // Ezhegodnik morskogo prava 2010. – M, 2011. – S.96-99.
2. Zhukov G. P. Problema predotvrashhenija razmeshhenija oruzhija v kosmose // Mezhdunarodnoe pravo –International Law. – 2009. – # 1 (37). – S. 72.
3. Zhukov G. P., Solncev A. M. Problemy jekologicheski ustojchivogo ispol'zovanija raketno-kosmicheskoj tehniki // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2010.– # 11 (30). – S. 87-94.
4. Mezhdunarodnoe kosmicheskoe pravo: uchebnik / pod red. G. P. Zhukova, A. H. Abashidze. – M: RUDN, 2014.
5. Solncev A. M. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye ramki obespechenija bezopasnogo ispol'zovanija jadernyh istochnikov jenergii v kosmicheskom prostranstve // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Ser.Jurid. nauki. – M., 2011. – # 2. – S. 107-114.
6. Solncev A. M., Shtyrkina Ju. V. Preduprezhdenie obrazovanija i udalenie kosmicheskogo musora: nekotorye mezhdunarodno-pravovye aspekty // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. – 2016. – N 5. – S. 53-57.





INTERNATIONAL LAW
Murataliyeva Zh. K.
Basic approaches to definition definitions «international exhibition» in international and national law
The article studied the various types of literature and legal acts of an international character, reflecting the main approaches to the definition of the international exhibition. At the end of the article the author formulated own copyright refined definition of the international exhibition.
Keywords: international exhibition, international law, world fairs, national law, the Convention on International Exhibitions, international relations.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konvencija o mezhdunarodnyh vystavkah (Zakljuchena v g. Parizhe 22.11.1928 g.) izmenennaja i dopolnennaja Protokolami ot 10.05.1948, 16.11.1966 i 30.11.1972. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. Dostup iz spravochno-pravovoj sistemy «Konsul'tant Pljus».
2. Soglashenie s gosudarstvami-uchastnikami SNG «O razvitii vystavochno-jarmarochnoj dejatel'nosti v Sodruzhestve Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv» ot 26 maja 1995 g. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://normativ.kz/view/3074/ (data obrashhenija: 8.02.2016).
3. ISO 25639:2008 «Exhibitions, shows, fairs and conventions». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.iso.org (data obrashhenija: 8.02.2016).
4. Postanovlenie Soveta Ministrov Respubliki Belarus' ot 23 aprelja 2012 g. # 384 «O nekotoryh voprosah vystavochnoj i jarmorochnoj dejatel'nosti». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.pravo.by/main.aspx?guid=3871&p0=C21200384 (data obrashhenija: 9.02.2016).
5. Zimin I. G., Bas V. N. Vystavochnaja dejatel'nost' kak instrument povyshenija konkurentosposobnosti //Standarty i kachestvo. 2012. # 9. S. 40-43.
6. Inozemceva I. E. Vsemirnye vystavki, ih rol' i znachenie // Analitika kul'turologii. 2009. #13. S. 125-129.
7. Istorija vystavochnoj dejatel'nosti: metodicheskoe posobie / Pod red. A. A. Nikonovoj, M. V. Birjukovoj. SPb., 2013. 86 s.
8. Osnovy vystavochno-jarmarochnoj dejatel'nosti: Ucheb.posobie dlja vuzov / L. E. Strovskij, E. D. Frolova, D. L. Strovskij i dr.; Pod red. L. E. Strovskogo. M.:JuNITI-DANA, 2005. 288 s.
9. Sokolovskij A. V. Sostojanie normativno-pravovoj bazy vystavochno-jarmarochnoj dejatel'nosti v Respublike Belarus' // Zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. 2006. #2. S. 20-25.
10. Shumilov V. M. Mezhdunarodnoe jekonomicheskoe pravo: uchebnik dlja magistrov. M.: Izdatel'stvo Jurajt, 2011. 612 s.





INTERNATIONAL LAW
Kudinov A. S.
Improving fact-finding within the United Nations
The author analyzes the legal regulation of fact-finding within the United Nations system. He emphasizes the importance of this procedure for the UN's functioning, for the development of international relations and the effectiveness of international law. The author determines the sources and the content of legal rules governing the organization and activity of fact-finding missions. He made the following conclusions.
Fact-finding creates informational base for the activities of the UN in the maintenance of international peace and security and legitimizes the decisions of its organs. Fact-finding missions are formed on an ad hoc basis. Their formation and operation is governed by the UN Charter and the resolutions of the General Assembly. They are initiated by the principal and subsidiary organs and specialized agencies. There is an upward trend of fact-finding missions initiated by the Human Rights Council, and the reverse trend in the practice of the Security Council.
Fact-finding is not based on a single methodology; there is no continuity and interaction between the missions. The author puts forward some proposals to improve the mechanism of fact-finding. There is a need for a fundamental revision of the order in which fact-finding missions are organized. There must be created a permanent fact-finding body instead of ad hoc missions. This status must be assigned to the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission.
Keywords: fact-finding, international investigation, international enquiry, inquiry, fact-finding missions, the effectiveness of international law, the United Nations, the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Commission.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ustav Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij (Prinjat v g. San-Francisko 26.06.1945) // Sbornik dejstvujushhih dogovorov, soglashenij i konvencij, zakljuchennyh SSSR s inostrannymi gosudarstvami, Vyp. XII,– M., 1956, s. 14-47.
2. Venskaja konvencija o diplomaticheskih snoshenijah (Zakl. v g. Vene 18.04.1961) // Vedomosti VS SSSR. 29 aprelja 1964 g. N 18. St. 221
3. Venskaja konvencija o konsul'skih snoshenijah (Zakl. V g. Vene 24.04.1963) // Sbornik mezhdunarodnyh dogovorov SSSR, vyp. XLV. – M., 1991. S. 124-147
4. Rezoljucii Soveta Bezopasnosti, General'noj Assamblei OON i drugie dokumenty
5. Rezoljucija Soveta Bezopasnosti OON ot 30.08.2001 # 1366 [Jel. res.] // Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. ]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ods.asp?m=S/RES/1366(2001)
6. Rezoljucija Soveta Bezopasnosti OON ot 31.03.1992 # 748 [Jel. res.] // Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ods.asp?m=S/RES/748(1992)
7. Deklaracija o predotvrashhenii i ustranenii sporov i situacij, kotorye mogut ugrozhat' mezhdunarodnomu miru i bezopasnosti, i o roli Organizacii Ob"edinennyh Nacij v jetoj oblasti (Prinjata rezoljuciej General'noj Assamblei OON ot 5.12.1988 # 43/51) [Jel. res.] // Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/place_threatenning_disputes.shtml
8. Deklaracija ob ustanovlenii faktov Organizaciej Ob"edinennyh Nacij v oblasti podderzhanija mezhdunarodnogo mira i bezopasnosti (Prinjata Rezoljuciej General'noj Assamblei OON ot 09.12.1991 #46/59) // Mezhdunarodnoe publichnoe pravo. Sbornik dokumentov. T. 2. – M.: BEK, 1996. S. 31-35
9. Manil'skaja deklaracija o mirnom razreshenii mezhdunarodnyh sporov (Prinjata Rezoljuciej General'noj Assamblei OON ot 15.11.1982 # 37/10) [Jel. res.]// Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www. un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/declarations/manila_declaration.shtml
10. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON ot 12.12.1966 # 2182 (XXI) [Jel. res.] // Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ods.asp?m=A/RES/2182(XXI)
11. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON ot 16.12.1963 # 1967 (XVIII) [Jel. res.] // Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ ods.asp?m=A/RES/1967(XVIII)
12. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON ot 18.12.1967 # 2329 (XXII) [Jel. res.] // Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ ods.asp?m=A/RES/2329(XXII)
13. Rezoljucija General'noj Assamblei OON ot 20.12.1965 # 2104 (XX) [Jel. res.] // Organizacija Ob"edinennyh Nacij [Ofic. sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/documents/ods.asp?m=A/RES/2104(XX)
14. Respect for human rights in armed conflicts: report of the Secretary-General // UN Doc. A/8052 (1970)
15. Spravochnik po praktike Soveta Bezopasnosti OON [Jelektronnyj resurs] // OON [Oficial'nyj sajt]. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.un.org/ru/sc/repertoire/subsidiary_organs/ commissions_and_investigations.shtml




Bekyashev D. K.

Bekyashev K. A.

INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Bekyashev D. K., Bekyashev K. A.
International legal problems of fisheries management in Baltic and Black seas
The article describes the history of the emergence and content of the concept of a closed or semiclosed sea, its international legal regime. The norms of international regional agreements on fisheries in the Baltic and Black seas are analyzed in detail. The recommendations for improving international legal fisheries management in these seas are made. The proposals for the protection of the interests of the Russian Federation in the processes of the development of international legal regulation of fisheries in Baltic and Black seas are prepared.
Ключевые слова: enclosed or semi-enclosed seas; Baltic sea; Black sea; international legal regime; fisheries; control; regional international treaties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Protokol sed'moj sessii Smeshannoj komissii po rybolovstvu v Baltijskom more. SPb. - Ijul' 2014. - S. 4 (Material nahoditsja v fondah UMS Rosrybolovstva).
2. Protokol vos'moj sessii Smeshannoj komissii po rybolovstvu v Baltijskom more. Riga. 2 ijulja 2015 g. S.2-4. (Material nahoditsja v fondah UMS Rosrybolovstva).
3. Vysockij A. F. Chernoe more. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye voprosy. Kiev, 1979. 147 s.
4. Bekjashev K. A., Serebrjakov V. V. Mezhdunarodnye morskie organizacii L., 1979. 697 s.
5. Bekjashev K. A. O perspektivah sotrudnichestva Rossijskoj Federacii i Ukrainy v oblasti rybolovstva // Morskoe pravo i praktika. 2004. # 2. S. 41-46.
6. Joint staff working document «Black Sea Synergy: review of a regional cooperation initiative» (Brussels, 20.1.2015 SWD (2015) 6 final.
7. Fisheries management in the Mediterranean and Black Sea: time to go to the next level. Rome. 20 May [Jelektronnyj resurs] // Rezhim dostupa: http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-14-397_en.htm - Data obrashhenija 06.07.2016.
8. Nordquist M. H., Nandan S., Rosenne S. UN Convention on the Law of the Sea Commentary 1982. VolumeIII. –Brill/Nijhoff, 1995. – 736 pp.
9. Raanjar J., Tatenhov J. Marine governance of European Seas: Introduction// Marine Policy. Vol. 50. 2014. #3. P. 323-324.
10. The Safe of Mediterranean and Black Sea Fisheries. FAO. Rome, 2016. 134 pp.




INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Zheleznov R.V.
The liberalization of international trade in services at the regional level: the legal aspect
The article considers the current state of affairs in the sphere of legal regulation of international trade in services at the regional level through regional trade agreements as the most appropriate legal form regulating trade obligations of countries – participants of regional agreements.
Keywords: international trade, trade in services, regional trade agreements, international legal regulation of trade in services, legal services.
Work bibliographic list
1. Isachenko T. M. Regional'nye torgovye soglashenija i ih rol' v mirovoj torgovle // Prostranstvo i vremja v mirovoj politike i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenijah: materialy 4 Konventa RAMI. V 10 t. / pod red. A. Ju. Mel'vilja; Ros. associacija mezhdunar. issledovanij. M.: MGIMO-Universitet. T. 5 2007.: Mezhdunarodnoe jekonomicheskoe sotrudnichestvo v global'nom mire / pod red. N. N. Livenceva. S. 107-119.
2. Kolichestvennyj analiz jekonomicheskoj integracii Evropejskogo sojuza i Evrazijskogo jekonomicheskogo sojuza: metodologicheskie podhody. CII EABR, 2014. 62 s.
3. Pravo Evropejskogo sojuza: Uchebnik dlja vuzov / Pod red. S. Ju. Kashkina. M.: Jurist, 2004. 925 s.
4. Shhebarova N. N. Razvitie globalizacii cherez liberalizaciju regional'nyh jekonomicheskih svjazej // Vestnik MGTU. 2005. Tom 8. #2. S. 348-354.
5. Hsieh P. L. Liberalizing Trade in Legal Services under Asia-Pacific FTAs: The ASEAN Case // Journal of International Economic Law. 2015. #18. P.153–185.
6. Kok S. S., Hong Y. S. Liberalization of legal services-embracing a world of opportunities in the ASEAN region //US-China law review. 2013. Vol. 10:141. P. 141-151.





INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICAL LAW
Shiyanov A. V.
The features of the international legal regulation of trade aspects of an energy cooperation
The article is devoted to a research of urgent problems of international legal regulation of trade in the energy sector. A learning object are the existing international agreements regulating at the world and regional level of a cooperation export and commodity import and services of energy appointment. The author comes to a conclusion that regulations of "the right of the WTO" are applicable to the energy relations during which subjects of international law realize the trade policy by analogy.
Keywords: energy resources, goods, service, equipment, export, import.
Work bibliographic list
1. Soglashenie ob uchrezhdenii VTO (Marrakesh, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) - [Jelektronnyj resurs] Rezhim dostupa: http://www.wto.ru/documents.asp?f=sogl&t=13(data obrashhenija: 25 avgusta 2016 g.).
2. Dogovor k Jenergeticheskoj hartii (Lissabon, 17 dekabrja 1994 g.) // Dogovor k Jenergeticheskoj hartii i svjazannye s nim dokumenty. Pravovaja osnova dlja mezhdunarodnogo jenergeticheskogo sotrudnichestva. Brjussel', 2004.
3. Dogovor o funkcionirovanii Evropejskogo Sojuza /avtor perev. A. O. Chetverikov - [Jelektronnyj resurs]Rezhim dostupa: http://eulaw.ru/treaties/tfeu (data obrashhenija: 25 avgusta 2016 g.).
4. Dogovor o Evrazijskom jekonomicheskom sojuze (Astana, 29 maja 2014 g.) - [Jelektronnyj resurs] Rezhim dostupa:http://economy.gov.ru/minec/about/struc-ture/de-psng/agreement-eurasian-economic-union (data obrashhenija: 25 avgusta 2016 g.).
5. Vasilenko T. A. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye problemy sotrudnichestva v sfere obespechenija jenergeticheskoj bezopasnosti: avtoref. diss. ... kand. jurid. nauk, M. 2008.
6. Vel'jaminov G. M. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: opyty. M.,2015.
7. Mezhdunarodno-pravovye osnovy nedropol'zovanija: ucheb. pos. / otv. red. A. N. Vylegzhanin. M., 2007. Avtor paragrafa A. N. Vylegzhanin.
8. Vystorobec E. A. Interjekopravo i mezhdunarodnoe jenergeticheskoe pravo: sravnitel'nyj analiz // Chasopis Nacіonal'nogo unіversitetu «Ostroz'ka akademіja». Serіja «Pravo». 2013. #2(8).
9. Guljaeva T. K. Sootnoshenie «prava VTO» i nacional'nogo prava gosudarstv-chlenov: avtoref. diss. …kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2016.
10. Dedusenko A. S. Mezhdunarodnoe torgovoe pravo (ponjatie, principy i osnovnye instituty): avtoref. diss. … kand. jurid. nauk. M., 2007.
11. Korinevich A. A. Mezhdunarodnoe jenergeticheskoe pravo v sisteme sovremennogo mezhdunarodnogo prava // Al'manah mezhdunarodnogo prava. Vypusk 2.Odessa, 2010.
12. Tjurina N. E. Ponjatie «mezhdunarodnoe torgovoe pravo» // Moskovskij zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava. 2012. #1.
13. Shumilov V. M. Jevoljucija sovremennogo mezhdunarodnogo pravoporjadka // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. # 3.
14. Bradbrook A. J. and Wahnshafft R. D. International Law and Global Sustainable Energy Production and Consumption. The Law of Energy for Sustainable Development. Edited by A. J. Bradbrook, R. Lyster, R. L. Ottinger, W. Xi. Cambridge, 2009.
15. Cottier T., Malumfashi G., Matteoti-Berkutova S. and others. Energy in WTO law and policy. The World Trade Report 2010. Geneva, 2011.
16. Herdegen M. Principles of International Economic Law. Oxford. 2013.
17. Jong de S., Wouters J. Institutional Actors in International Energy Law. Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies. Working Paper #.115 – July 2013.
18. McRae D. The WTO in International Law: Tradition Continued or New Frontier? Journal of International Economic Law. 2000. 30 and 41.
19. Pauwelyn J. Conflict of Norms in Public International Law: How WTO Law Relates to Other Norms of International Law. Cambridge, 2003.
20. Van den Bossche P. The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization. Text, Cases and Materials. Cambridge. 2005.
21. Z. Yang. China’s Role in the Transition to a New International Energy Order. Groningen Journal of International Law, vol. 2(1): Energy & Environmental Law.





COMPARATIVE LAW
Vladimirov D. G.
The judiciary of England and Russia: role and place in the system of state power law of the CIS countries
The article discusses the relation of the judiciary with the other branches of government in England and Russia, analyzes the role and place of the judiciary in England and Russia, reveals the distinctive features of realization of judicial authority.
Keywords: judiciary of England and Russia, the principle of separation of powers, the interpretation of the law, the role of the judiciary.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija RF (prinjata vsenarodnym golosovaniem 12.12.1993) (s uchetom popravok, vnesennyh Zakonami RF o popravkah k Konstitucii RF ot 30.12.2008 N 6-FKZ, ot 30.12.2008 N 7-FKZ, ot 05.02.2014 N 2-FKZ, ot 21.07.2014 N 11-FKZ).
2. Mihajlov A. M. Sudebnaja vlast' v pravovoj sisteme Anglii. – M.: Jurlitinfom, 2009. – 344 s.
3. Sudebnaja vlast' / Pod red. I. L. Petruhina. - M.: OOO «TK Velbi», 2003. – 720 s.
4. Sh. L. de Montesk'e. O duhe zakonov. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://studentdream.narod.ru/monte.htm (data obrashhenija: 14.01.2016 goda).