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SUMMARIES OF ARTICLES № 11 (102) 2016 - 1

Farkhutdinov I. Z.
Mogherini strategy and military doctrine of trump: the challenges ahead Russia
In the article, which continues the cycle of articles of the author on international security strategies, the problems of European security are being discussed. February 7th 1992 the twelve member States of the European economic community (EEC) signed in Maastricht the Treaty on European Union (EU), which brought the European integration process launched in the 1950s to a qualitatively new level. The adoption in 2003 The European security strategy was the first attempt of the European Union to create a global policy document, which could match with the us national security strategy or other similar national documents.
If you compare the European security strategy and the Strategy of national security of the United States 2001 (as amended 2006), Europe and America as key to its security is essentially the same threats: international terrorism, proliferation of WMD, regional conflicts, expansion of the influence of religious fundamentalism, "incapacitated" state. Combines the strategy of the US and EU recognition of the fact that the factor of geographical distance has lost its protective property in the context of global threats that transcend borders. The new European security strategy (Strategy Mogherini) as a whole is based on the Strategy of 2003, but adopted with taking into account the new geopolitical reality (Brexit, the situation of refugees, the conflict in Ukraine, etc.). Also, under the new concept, Russia is a "strategic challenge for Europe".
In turn, the post of President of the United States, Donald Trump intends to concentrate on the defeat of ISIL, developing a new cybersecurity strategy and modernization of the armed forces. In relations with Russia, Trump declares possible cooperation on critical geopolitical issues (especially on the situation in Syria).
Work bibliographic list
1. Biskop S. Osnovy obnovlennoj Evropejskoj strategii bezopasnosti // Vestnik mezhdunarodnyh organizacij. – 2009. – # 2 (24). – S.105-120.
2. Kashkin S. Ju., Chetverikov A. O. Pravo Evropejskogo Sojuza. Tom.1. Obshhaja chast'. Pod red. professora S.Ju. Kashkina. – M.: Jurajt, 2013.
3. Prihod'ko O. V. Transatlanticheskie otnoshenija v sfere bezopasnosti i ih vlijanie na vneshnepoliticheskie pozicii Rossii. – M.,2004.
4. Rusakovich A. V. Obshhaja vneshnjaja politika i politika bezopasnosti evropejskogo sojuza: stanovlenie i osobennosti // Mezhdunarodnaja konferencija «Evropejskij Sojuz i Respublika Belarus': perspektivy sotrudnichestva» (International conference «The European
Union and Republic of Belarus: Getting Closer for Better Future»): sb. materialov. — Minsk: Izd. centr BGU, 2014. – C. 21-27.
5. Talajko T. Vojna v Irake i transatlanticheskie otnoshenija // Zhurnal mezhdunarodnogo prava i mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij. – 2005. – # 2. —S. 55-61.
6. Alyson J. K. Bailes. The European Security Strategy An Evolutionary History. SIPRI Policy Paper No. 10. – Sweden, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), 2005.
7. Bradford William C. «The duty to defend them»: a natural lawjustification for the bushdoctrine of preventive war // Notre Dame Law Rewiew. – Volume 79. – 7.1.2004. – P. 1365-1372.
8. Bendiek A., Kaim M. New European Security Strategy – The Transatlantic Factor. – June 2015.
9. Boniface P. European Security and Transatlanticism in the Twenty-first Century. In: NATO and European Security: Alliance Politics from the End of the Cold War to the Age of Terrorism. Ed. by Moens A., Cohen L., and Sens A. – Westport, Connecticut: Praeger Publishers, 2003.
10. Directorate-general for external policies. Policy Department. Towards a new european security strategy? assessing the impact of changes in the global security environment ep/expo/b/sede/fwc/2013-08/lot6/05. – june 2015 - pe 534.989. – European Union, 2015.
11. EN. A secure Europe in a better world. European security strategy. – Brussels, 12.12.2003.
12. European Council. Brussels, 28 June 2016. (OR. en). EUCO 26/16. Conclusions – 28 June 2016.
13. Giovanni, Grevi. «ESDP institutions». In European Security and Defence Policy: the First Ten Years (1999-2009). Edited by Giovanni Grevi, Damien Helly and Daniel Keohane. – Paris: EU Institute for Security Studies.– P.19-68.
14. House of Commons. Defence Committee. The future of NATO and European defence. Ninth Report of Session 2007–08. Report together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence. – Published on 20 March 2008 by authority of the House of Commons London: The Stationery Office Limited.
15. Rehrl Jochen. Handbook for decision makers the common security and defence policy of the European Union. Vienna: Armed Forces Printing Centre, 2014.
16. Riga Conference Papers 2015 «Towards Reassurance and Solidarity in the Euro-Atlantic Community”. –Riga: Latvian Institute of International Affairs, 2015.
17. Treaty of Nice. Amending the treaty on European Union, the treaties establishing the european communities and certain related acts. – 10.3. 2001. – C. 80/7.

Sodikov Sh. D.

Mehdiev E. T.

Sodikov Sh. D., Mehdiev E. T.
Cooperation between Russia and Tajikistan under the collective security treaty organization in the fight against new challenges and threats in Central Asia
Today, the world's attention is riveted to the confrontation between the West and Russia, which strengthened against the background of the Ukrainian crisis. It is important to pay attention to this
important in geopolitical terms, as well as from the standpoint of national interests of the Russian
Federation in the region of Central Asia, where the processes of formation of a new regional security system between regional and extra-regional actors occur.
Particular attention is paid to military cooperation between Russia and Tajikistan in the fight against new challenges and threats to security on the Tajik-Afghan border. One of the destabilizing factors in the region is to disseminate ideas LIH to Central Asia directly to Tajikistan.
Keywords: Tajikistan, Central Asia, the CSTO, international terrorism, Afghanistan.
Work bibliographic list
1. Babadzhanov A. Ja. Analiz voennyh doktrin gosudarstv-uchastnikov ODKB // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2008. # 3. S. 60-66.
2. Bordjuzha N. N. Bezopasnost' nadezhno obespechat koordinacija i sotrudnichestvo // Nacional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost'. 2007. # 10. S. 17-19.
3. Borishpolec K. P. Evrazijskij trend regional'nogo sotrudnichestva // V sbornike: Evrazijskaja integracija: perspektivy mezhgosudarstvennogo sotrudnichestva. Prilozhenie k periodicheskomu izdaniju «Ezhegodnik IMI». Moskovskij gosudarstvennyj institut mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij (universitet) MID Rossii, Centr voenno-politicheskih issledovanij. Ser. Knigi i broshjury IMI. Tom 28. M., 2014. S. 8-20.
4. Kazancev A. A. Central'naja Azija: kompleksnyj krizis i scenarii budushhego / A. A. Kazancev // Ezhegodnik Instituta mezhdunarodnyh issledovanij Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo instituta mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij (Universiteta) Ministerstva inostrannyh del Rossijskoj Federacii. 2015. # 3 (13). S. 34-56.
5. Kazancev A. A., Gusev L. Ju. Terroristicheskie organizacii v central'noaziatskom regione: puti protivodejstvija // Ezhegodnik Instituta mezhdunarodnyh issledovanij Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo instituta mezhdunarodnyh otnoshenij (Universiteta) Ministerstva inostrannyh del Rossijskoj Federacii. 2013. # 3. S. 141-153.
6. Mehdiev Je. T. Sovremennaja diplomatija: novye vyzovy // Aktual'nye problemy sovremennoj nauki. 2009. # 5 (49). S. 136-139.
7. Mehdiev Je. T., Guliev I. A. Ponjatie «mjagkoj sily» kak instrumenta global'nyh politicheskih tehnologij/ / Juvenis scientia. 2016. # 3. S. 49-52.
8. Mehdiev Je. T., Sodikov Sh. D. Znachenie ODKB v ukreplenii Rossijsko-Tadzhikskogo sotrudnichestva // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. # 8 (99).
9. Mehdiev Je.T., Son M. G. Strategija vneregional'nyh derzhav na prostranstve Juzhnogo Kavkaza // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2013. # 11 (66). S. 157-158.
10. Orlov A. A. Polozhenie v Afganistane i vozmozhnaja ego jevoljucija v kontekste «Faktora 2014» // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2013. # 2 (29). S. 24-27.
11. Rustamova L. R. «Mjagkaja sila» vo vzaimootnoshenijah FRG i musul'manskogo mira //Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2015. # 4 (43). S. 144-151.
12. Rustamova L. R. «Umnaja sila» Rossii nabiraet oboroty // Pravo i upravlenie. XXI vek. 2014. #3 (32). S. 53-58.
13. Rustamova L. R. Osobennosti «Mjagkoj sily» vo vneshnej politike // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2016. # 1 (46). S. 118-128.
14. Sajidzoda Z. Sh. Tadzhikistan-Rossija: geopoliticheskie otnoshenija na rubezhe stoletij // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2015. # 1 (40). S. 29-34.
15. Chechevishnikov A. L. Mezhdunarodnaja konferencija «Central'naja Azija-Kaspij-Kavkaz: Mezhdunarodnoe politiko-jenergeticheskoe izmerenie» /A. L. Chechevishnikov // V sbornike: Juzhnyj flang SNG. Aleksandrov O. B., Ahtamzjan I. A., Barabanov O. N., Bogaturov A. D., Bolgova I. V., Borovskij I. V., Vardanija G. I., Vardomskij L. B., Grigor'eva Ju. G., Danilin I. V., Degoev V. V., Zvjagel'skaja I. D., Kovach M., Kuz'mina E. M., Kurtov A. A., Luzjanin S. G., Malysheva D. B., Mal'gin A. V., Mamedov Z., Narinskij M. M. i dr. Central'naja Azija - Kaspij - Kavkaz: jenergetika i politika. M., 2005. S. 439-447.
16. Beloglazov A .V. Central Asia security problems in the context of coalition troops withdrawal from Afghanistan // Journal of Sustainable Development. 2015. T. 8. # 4. S. 225-232.
17. Frost A. The collective security treaty organization, the shanghai cooperation organization, and Russia’s strategic goals in Central Asia // China and Eurasia Forum quarterly. 2009. T. 7. # 3. S. 83-102.
18. Nikitina Y. The collective security treaty organization through the looking glass // Problems of Post-Communism. 2012. T. 59. # 3. S. 41-52.
19. Ziadullaev N. Central Asia in a globalizing world: current trends and prospects // Central Asia and the Caucasus. 2006. # 6 (42). S. 125-134.

Koktych K. E., Renard-Koktych A. V.
Industrial growth in terms of external sanctions: the Iranian experience for the EEU
Eurasian Economic Union is successfully broadening out, however, this process is mostly intensive, not extensive as the economy of the countries membering the EAEU are nor able to fully benefit from common free market space. One of the obvious reasons for that are the external sanctions hindering access to cheap loans to producers and thus restraining industrial projects for revival of the Eurasian space. However, as the Iranian experience shows, the external sanctions may also become a trigger discovering and implementing a proper time-tested tool for development – islamic banking. It has lain a foundation not only forindustrial growth, but also for the breakthrough development of Iran's engineering school, which appeared to be one of the best in the world. The article explores the abibility of using the same tools for the EAEU.
Keywords: сommenda, EAEU, garare, loan, industry, islamic banking, riba.
Work bibliographic list
1.         Bekkin R. I. Islamskaja jekonomika: universal'naja teorija razvitija ili odna iz modelej tret'ego puti? // Vostok (Oriens). # 5. 2012. S. 99-112.
2.         Bekkin R. I. Islamskaja jekonomicheskaja model' i sovremennost'; otv. red. L. L. Fituni. M.: ID Mardzhani, 2009.
3.         Bekkin R. I. Ssudnyj procent v kontekste religiozno-jeticheskih hozjajstvennyh sistem proshlogo i sovremennosti // Voprosy jekonomiki. 2007. # 2. S. 141-157. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.orientalstudies.ru/rus/images/pdf/a_bekkin_2007.pdf.
4.         Zhuravlev A. Islam i jekonomika // Nezavisimaja gazeta. 2000.
5.         Ibadov Je. S., Shmyreva A. I. Nekotorye aspekty dejatel'nosti islamskih bankov // Idei i idealy. 2013. # 3. S. 73-77.
6.         Islamskij banking: osnovnye otlichija i instrumenty. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:  http://islamicfinance.ru/board/8-1-0-11.
7.         Kalimullina M. Je. Cennostno-pravovye osnovy islamskoj jekonomiki. M.: MAKS Press, 2009. S. 66–75.
8.         Ljahov A. Na principah shariata // Komp&n'oN. 2010. # 39. S. 25–31.
9.         Mamedova N. M., Ul'chenko N. Ju. Osobennosti jekonomicheskogo razvitija sovremennyh musul'manskih gosudarstv (na primere Turcii i Irana). M.: Gorodec, 2006. 288 s.
10.       Mehdiev Je. T. Strategicheskie interesy Irana v Central'noj Azii na sovremennom jetape // Fond podderzhki publichnoj diplomatii im. A. M. Gorchakova. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://gorchakovfund.ru/news/18070/ (data obrashhenija: 22.12.2015).
11.       Miloslavskij G. V. Vozmozhna li jekonomika po Shariatu? // NG Religii (prilozhenie k Nezavisimoj gazete). 1998. 23 janvarja.
12.       Muhammad Taki Usmani. Vvedenie v islamskie finansy. M.: Islamskaja kniga, 2013. 140 s.
13.       Polishhuk A. I. Kreditnaja sistema Islamskoj Respubliki Iran // Bankovskoe delo. 2003. # 2. S. 40-43.
14.       Sejfollahi M. Iranskie banki: osobennosti sozdanija i funkcionirovanija. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:  http://www.investiran.com.ua/index.php/islamskie-finansy/bankovskaya-sistema-irana/53-iranskie-banki-osobennosti-sozdaniya-i-funktsionirovaniya.
15.       Sudin Haron, Van Nursofiza Van Azmi. Islamskaja finansovaja i bankovskaja sistema: filosofija, principy i praktika. Kazan': Linova-Media, 2012. 536 s.
16.       Trunin P. V. Islamskaja finansovaja sistema: sovremennoe sostojanie i perspektivy razvitija. M.: IJePP, 2009. 88 s.
17.       Umarov H. S. Vozmozhnosti i perspektivy islamskoj modeli buhgalterskogo ucheta v Rossii / H.S. Umarov // Finansovyj biznes. 2016. # 1 (180). S. 27-32.
18.       Umarov H. S. K voprosu ob islamskom strahovanii «TAKAFUL» // Strahovoe delo. 2014. # 4 (253). S. 47-53.
19.       Filonik A. Musul'manskij biznes v Rossii: upushhennye vozmozhnosti ili zatjanuvshiesja smotriny? // Biznes i politika. 1997. # 11.
20.       Jakupov L. Islamskie banki budut orientirovany na malyj i srednij biznes // Mir rynka. 2009. # 1. S. 10-12.
21.       Bruce N. C. Islamic Banking moves east // Euromoney. July. 1986.
22.       Consolidated Financial Statements. Liquidity Management Centre. 2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:  http://www.lmcbahrain.com/financial/LMC%2018x6-gdn%20BW%20Dec13%20English.pdf.
23.       David Oakley, Shannon Bond, Cynthia O’Murchu and Cleve Jones. Islamic finance explained. Financial Times. May 30. 2008. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/5067aace-2e67-11dd-ab55-000077b07658.html? siteedition= intl#axzz3GxWAPuop.
24.       Kabir Hassan M., Mervyn K. Lewis (Eds.) Handbook of Islamic Banking. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited. 2007. P. 119.
25.       Islamic Funds Market Highlights – Q1-2013. Islamic Finance Gateway. Thomson Reuters. May 2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.slideshare.net/Islamic_Finance/islamic-funds-may-2012-2.
26.       Potter S. Goldman Breaks Drought with Saudi Property Bond: Islamic Finance. Bloomberg, June 5, 2013. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.bloomberg.com/ news/2013-06-05/ goldman-breaks-drought-with-saudi-property-bond-islamic-finance.html.
27.       McKenzie D. Islamic Finance Report 2010. London: International Financial Services. 2010.

Shiyanov A. V.
The international legal aspects of application of protective measures and the rules of access on the markets in the energy sector
Article completes a research of features of application of regulations of "the law of the WTO" to the international energy relations. It generalized legal bases of introduction in the energy sector of anti-dumping, countervailing and special protective measures. The legal basis of application by members of the WTO of technical barriers, import licensing, pre-shipment inspection, establishment of an origin and determination of customs value in this sphere of international cooperation are covered.
Keywords: dumping, subsidy, standards, license, cost, inspection, origin.
Work bibliographic list
1. Soglashenie ob uchrezhdenii VTO (Marrakesh, 15 aprelja 1994 g.) - [Jelektronnyj resurs] Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/2541158/#block_1001 (data obrashhenija: 15 nojabrja 2016 g.)
2. Vel'jaminov G. M. Mezhdunarodnoe pravo: opyty. M.,2015.
3. Canada – Certain Measures Affecting the Renewable Energy Generation Sector. AB-2013-1. WT/DS412/AB/R. Report of the Appellate Body. 6 May 2013.
4. European Union – Anti-Dumping Measures on Biodiesel from Argentina. AB-2016-4 Report of the Appellate Body WT/DS473/AB/R/Add.1. 6 October 2016.
5. Cossy M. Energy Trade and WTO Rules: Reflexions on Sovereignty over Natural Resources, Export Restrictions and Freedom of Transit. European Yearbook of International Economic Law 2012. Editors: C. Herrmann, J.Ph. Terhechte. Berlin, Heidelberg 2012.
6. Howse R. World Trade Law and Renewable Energy: The Case of Non-Tariff Barriers. UNCTAD/DITC/TED/2008/5. New York and Geneva, 2009.
7. Nedumpara J.J. Energy Security and the WTO Agreements. Trade, the WTO and Energy Security. Mapping the Linkages for India. Editor S. Mathur. Centre for WTO Studies (CWS), IIFT. New Delhi 2014.
8. Rubini L. The Subsidization of Renewable Energy in the WTO: Issues and Perspectives. Swiss National Center for Competence in Research (NCCR) Trade Regulation. Working paper, 2011.
9. Sakmar S. L., Bringing Energy Trade in to the WTO. International and Comparative Legal Revue. Vol. 18:1. 2008. R. 89-111.
10. Van den Bossche P. The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization. Text, Cases and Materials. Cambridge. 2005.

Emelyanova N. N.
Genetically modified organisms:Russian law and international law
As part of this article deals with the use of GMOs, analyzes the Russian legislation and international law.
Keywords: GMO, international environmental law, food safety, the Aarhus Convention, the Cartagena Protocol.
Work bibliographic list
1. Abashidze A. H., Vasil'ev Ju. G., Solncev A. M. Mezhdunarodnoe jekologicheskoe pravo: Dokumenty i kommentarii. – M.: RUDN, 2010. – Vyp. III. Jekologicheskie prava cheloveka. – S. 81-85.
2. Kopejkina V., Saksina T. GMO: kontrol' nad obshhestvom ili obshhestvennyj kontrol'? – M.: JeK Jeremurus, 2005. – S. 45.
3. Kopylov M. N., Solncev A. M. Jekologicheskie prava v sisteme mezhdunarodno-priznannyh prav cheloveka // Gosudarstvo i pravo. – 2010. – # 3. – S. 23-32;
4. Kuznecov V. V., Kulikov A. M. Geneticheski modificirovannye riski i poluchennye iz nih produkty: real'nye i potencial'nye riski // Rossijskij himicheskij zhurnal. – 2005. – # 69 (4). – S. 71.
5. Solncev A. M., Petrova N. A. Kak zastavit' gosudarstva sobljudat' jekologicheskie prava cheloveka? //Mezhdunarodnoe pravo – International Law. – 2010. – #4 (44). – S. 41-49.
6. Shhegoleva A. M. Istorija razrabotki i prinjatija Kartahenskogo protokola po biobezopasnosti 2000 g.: Travaux Préparatoires // Vestnik Rossijskogo universiteta druzhby narodov. Serija: juridicheskie nauki. 2014. N 2. S. 300-310

Guliyev I. A.
The decision of OPEC to reduce oil production: problems and prospects
November 30, 2016 at the summit of the Organization of countries - exporters of oil for the first time in eight years, it was decided to cut oil production to 32.5 million barrels per day. One of the initiators of Venezuela. Thus, from January 1, 2017, the OPEC countries reduced the average daily production at 1.164 million barrels.
Keywords: OPEC, oil, reduction of oil production, the oil market.
Work bibliographic list
1.         Guliev I. A. Analiz posledstvij reshenija OPEK o sokrashhenii dobychi nefti // Jekologicheskij vestnik Rossii 2017. # 1.
2.         Guliev I. A. Jenergeticheskaja politika neftegazovyh kompanij Rossii v novejshih uslovijah vvedenija sankcij // Vestnik NGUJeU. 2015. # 2. S. 283-290.
3.         Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I., Mehdiev Je. T. Novejshie tendencii mirovogo rynka szhizhennogo prirodnogo gaza: predposylki rasshirenija jeksportnogo potenciala Avstralii, Kanady, Rossii i SShA // SOCAR Proceedings. 2016. # 2.
4.         Guliev I. A., Hubaeva A. O., Litvinjuk I. I. Prognozirovanie dolgosrochnoj srednevzveshennoj ceny na neft' // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. #3 (94). S. 90-93.
5.         Mehdiev Je. T., Litvinjuk I. I. Perspektivy razvitija rossijsko-iranskogo jenergeticheskogo i torgovo-jekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva v postsankcionnyj period // Konkurentosposobnost' v global'nom mire: jekonomika, nauka, tehnologii. 2016. # 5 (17). S. 68-73.
6.         Mustafinov R. K., Guliev I. A. Obzor prognozov dolgosrochnogo izmenenija srednevzveshennoj ceny na neft' // Uchenye zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Serija: Obshhestvennye i gumanitarnye nauki. 2015. # 7 (152). S. 113-116.
7.         OPEK «podygral» «Gazpromu». [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.oilcapital.ru/konyunktura/294640.html.
8.         Salygin V. I. Mezhdunarodnoe jenergeticheskoe sotrudnichestvo – zalog ustojchivogo razvitija TJeK // Akademija jenergetiki. 2006. # 2 (10). S. 22.
9.         Salygin V. I., Litvinjuk I. I. Obzor scenariev razvitija jenergetiki mira // Vestnik MGIMO-Universiteta. 2016. # 2 (47).
Sdelka OPEK prineset rossijskomu bjudzhetu bolee 1 trln. rublej. [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.vedomosti.ru/economics/articles/2016/12/06/668330-sdelka-opek-rossiiskomu-byudzhetu

Markin A. S.

Guliyev I. A., Markin A. S.
Adjudication of pipeline oil spills damage disputes in Canada
The article is devoted to the analysis of special judicial disputes settlement mechanism in Canada,
established by the 2015 Amendments to the National Energy Board Act. Amendments provide a new adjudication mechanism – special tribunal, which is aimed at addressing particular disputes. The article presents the analysis of this new mechanism of Canadian legislation, of the process and judges status.
Keywords: Canada, judicial settlement of disputes, the National Energy Board, the pipelines, Canada.
Work bibliographic list
1. Kravchenko S. A., Salygin V. I. Riski magistral'nogo nefteprovodnogo transporta: vostrebovannost' opyta SShA i ES po upravleniju imi // Upravlenie riskom. 2015. # 3 (75). S. 41-48.
2. Kravchenko S. A., Salygin V. I. Uslozhnjajushhiesja opasnosti i riski sovremennogo magistral'nogo nefteprovodnogo transporta // Sociologicheskaja nauka i social'naja praktika. 2014. # 4 (08). S. 50-66.
3. Markin A. S. Mezhdunarodno-pravovoe regulirovanie promyshlennoj bezopasnosti // Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve VIII Vol. I. North Charleston, SC, USA. 2016. P. 209-216.
4. Radionova C. G., Fridljand Ja. M., Hramcov R. A., Egorova N. A., Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Rjabova M. I. Osobennosti normativnogo pravovogo regulirovanija truboprovodnogo transporta v SShA i ego sravnenie s trebovanijami otechestvennyh normativnyh pravovyh dokumentov // Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov.
2016. # 2 (22). S. 32-40.
5. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Hubaeva A. O. Analiz tekushhego sostojanija i perspektiv razvitija nefteprovodnoj sistemy Kanady // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve. Materialy V mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2015. S. 219.
6. Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I., Mehdiev Je. T. Novejshie tendencii mirovogo rynka szhizhennogo prirodnogo gaza: predposylki rasshirenija jeksportnogo potenciala Avstralii, Kanady, Rossii i SShA //SOCAR Proceedings. 2016. # 2.
7. Mehdiev Je. T., Guliev I. A. Analiz tehnologii posledovatel'noj perekachki po truboprovodam nefti i nefteproduktov, primenjaemoj v vedushhih stranah Evropy / Je. T. Mehdiev // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. # 10 (ch.2) (75-2) 2016 g. S. 679-684
8. Salygin V. I. Rol' standartov v tehnicheskom regulirovanii dejatel'nosti po transportirovke nefti i nefteproduktov / Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom informacionnom obshhestve Materialy VII mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. n.-i.c.«Akademicheskij». North Charleston, SC, USA, 2015. S. 166-170.
9. Guliev I.A., Litvinjuk I.I. Aktual'nye voprosy dobychi, pererabotki i transportirovki nefti v Kanade // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2015. # 3 (42). S. 184-189.
10. Zakon Kanady o Federal'nyh Sudah 1985 g. (angl.Federal Courts Act 1985);
11. Salygin V. I., Kravchenko S. A. Jekologicheskie riski magistral'nogo nefteprovodnogo transporta: opyt Kanady po ih minimizacii // Poisk: politika, obshhestvovedenie, iskusstvo, sociologija, kul'tura. 2014. # 5 (46). S. 22-35.
12. Reglament Kanady o neftegazovyh sooruzhenijah 1996 goda. (angl Canada Oil and Gas Installations Regulations 1996);
13. Shevchenko L. I. Razvitie zakonodatel'stva, regulirujushhego otnoshenija po transportirovke nefti v sisteme magistral'nyh nefteprovodov, i ego vlijanie na teoreticheskie predstavlenija ob ih pravovoj sushhnosti // Juridicheskij mir. 2013. # 5. S. 14-19.
14. Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. Territorial'no-strukturnye sdvigi v global'noj neftepererabatyvajushhej promyshlennosti // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2016. # 3 (94). S. 82-85.
15. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A., Litvinjuk I. I. Analiz perspektiv potreblenija dizel'nogo topliva v stranah, v kotorye osushhestvljaetsja postavka nefteproduktov cherez porty Chernomorskogo i Baltijskogo bassejnov // V sbornike: Nauka v sovremennom obshhe-
stve. Materialy V mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii. 2015. S. 214.
16. Mehdiev Je. T., Guliev I. A. Analiz porjadka dostupa ob"ektov neftedobychi i neftepererabotki k sistemam truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov v Velikobritanii // Naukovedenie Internet-zhurnal. Tom 8, #5 (sentjabr'-oktjabr' 2016).
17. Salygin V. I., Lisin Ju. V., Solovova Ju. V., Aralov O. V., Guliev I. A. Praktika gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija dejatel'nosti v sfere truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov v Kanade // Nauka i tehnologii truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov. 2015. # 4 (20). S. 106-112.
18. Zakon Kanady o promyshlennoj bezopasnosti truboprovodov 2015 g. (angl. Pipeline Safety Act 2015)
19. Zakon Kanady o Nacional'nom Jenergeticheskom Sovete 1985 g. (angl. National Energy Board Act 1985)
20. Rio-de-Zhanejrskaja deklaracija po okruzhajushhej srede i razvitiju 1992
21. Salygin V. I., Guliev I. A. O., Hubaeva A. O. Zarubezhnyj opyt primenenija principa «kachaj ili plati» v sfere truboprovodnogo transporta // Vestnik MGIMO Universiteta. 2015. # 4 (43). S. 46-52.
22. Mehdiev Je. T., Guliev I. A. Obzor infrastruktury truboprovodnogo transporta nefti i nefteproduktov v vedushhih stranah Evropy / Je. T. Mehdiev // Jekonomika i predprinimatel'stvo. # 11 (ch.1) 2016 g.
23. Reglament Kanady o bezopasnosti pri transportirovke 2004 goda (angl. Transportation Safety Board Regulations 2004)
24. Oficial'nyj Sajt Nacional'nogo Jenergeticheskogo soveta Kanady - https://apps.neb-one.gc.ca/ers.
25. Delo Trejl Smelter (angl. Trail Smelter Case) [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://legal.un.org/riaa/cases/vol_III/1905-1982.pdf

Nurieva G. D.
Environmental rights of citizens of the Republic of Azerbaijan
This article is dedicated to human ecological rights which are considered one of the main fundamental rights, having an exceptional definition in modern conditions. The legislation in the field of the environmental law of the Republic of Azerbaijan was analyzed, the concept of environmental rights, their weight and place in the overall system of human and citizen rights defined (provided).Particular attention is given to the classification of the principles of national environmental law, including the disclosure of the legislative provision of environmental human rights, guarantees and the mechanism of their implementation in the national and international law.
Keywords: Environmental Law, Azerbaijan, ecology, international law, the environment.
Work bibliographic list
1.         Alakbarov U. K. Osnovy ustojchivogo chelovecheskogo razvitija i jekologicheskoj civilizacii. Uchebnik. Baku, «Obrazovanie», 2013.
2.         Amantasheva A. T. Rol' i mesto mezhdunarodnyh organizacij v formirovanii edinyh principov zashhity okruzhajushhej sredy // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. 2015. # 12 (91). S. 49-52.
3.         Blinovskaja Ja. Ju. Morskaja jekologija i pribrezhno-morskoe prirodopol'-zovanie: Uchebnoe posobie. M.: Forum: NIC INFRA-M, 2013. 168 s.
4.         Vasil'eva, M. I. Publichnye interesy v jekologicheskom prave / M. I. Vasil'eva. M.: Izd-vo Mosk. gos. un-ta, 2003.
5.         Vishnjakov Ja. D. Ohrana okruzhajushhej sredy: uchebnik / Ja. D. Vish-njakov, P. V. Zozulja, A. V. Zozulja, S. P. Kiseleva. M.: Akademija, 2013. 285s.
6.         Vishnjakov Ja. D., Kiseleva S. P. Jekologo-orientirovannoe razvitie nacional'noj jekonomiki. M.: «CNITI «Tehnomash», 2009. 297 s.
7.         Losev K. S. Problema okruzhajushhej sredy: chto proishodit, kto vinovat, chto delat' // Geograficheskie problemy ustojchivogo razvitija prirodnoj sredy i obshhestva. M., 1996.
8.         Mehdiev Je. T. Jenergeticheskij faktor vo vneshnej politike Azerbajdzhana // Problemy postsovetskogo prostranstva. 2016. # 1. S. 47-54.
9.         Piskunova N. A. Jekologija i globalizacija: monografija /MGIMO (U) MID Rossii, Kaf. Mezhdunarodnyh jekonomicheskih otnoshenij i vneshnih jekonomicheskih svjazej. M.: MGIMO-Universitet 2010.
10.       Ahmadov E. N. (2013) Azerbaijan in the context of competitiveness, sustainable development and green economy. Materials of the Baku International Humanitarian Forum. R. 257-262.
11.       Alakbarov Urhan “Sustainable development is a priority of humanity, and Azerbaijan is making steady progress in this direction” New Baku Post # 75 (127). 07.10.2013.

Gabdrakhmanova A. F.
Legal framework governing medicinal products in the European Union
This article analyzes the legislation of the Eurasian Economic Union in the field of regulation of
drug circulation.
Keywords: European Union, drug circulation.
Work bibliographic list
1. Direktiva 2011/62 / ES Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 8 ijunja 2011 g. o vnesenii popravok v Direktivu 2001/83 / ES o svode zakonov Soobshhestva v otnoshenii lekarstvennyh sredstv dlja cheloveka, v otnoshenii profilaktiki vstuplenija v pravovoj cepi postavok fal'sificirovannyh lekarstvennyh sredstv (OJ L 174, 1.7.2011, str. 74-87).
2. Direktiva Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta Evropejskogo Sojuza 2001/82/EC ot 6 nojabrja 2001 g. «O Kodekse Soobshhestva v otnoshenii veterinarnyh lekarstvennyh sredstv». – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://base.garant.ru/70458364/#ixzz4RtVCscKA (data obrashhenija:
3. Direktiva Soveta 65/65 / EEC ot 26 janvarja 1965 goda o sblizhenii polozhenij, predusmotrennyh zakonami, reglamentirujushhie polozhenija ili administrativnye dejstvija, kasajushhiesja zapatentovannyh lekarstvennyh sredstv. Official Journal. – 022, 09/02/1965. – P.0369.
4. Reglament (EC) # 726/2004 Evropejskogo parlamenta i Soveta ot 31.03.2004, ustanavlivajushhij procedury Soobshhestva dlja vydachi razreshenij i kontrolja lekarstvennyh sredstv dlja cheloveka i primenenija v veterinarii i sozdanie Evropejskogo agentstva po lekarstvennym sredstvam (Tekst EJeZ) Oficial'nyj Journal. – L 136, 30/04/2004. – P. 0001 – 0033.
5. Cozykina E. Je. Istoriko-jekonomicheskij kontekst stanovlenija kompetencii Evropejskogo Sojuza po regulirovaniju nauchno-tehnologicheskogo razvitija // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2016. - # 3 (94).- S. 76-81.
6. Vyrovshhikova A. V., Javorskij A. N. Zarubezhnyj opyt organizacii jekspertizy lekarstvennyh sredstv //Himiko-farmacevticheskij zhurnal. - 2004. - 1. - S.45-49.
7. Loshakov L. A., Hohlov A. L., Miroshnikov A. E., Kajgorodova T. V. Ocenka medicinskih tehnologij kak progressivnyj jelement reformirovanija zdravoohranenija v Germanii// Zdravoohranenie Rossijskoj Federacii. – 2012. – # 5. – S. 42-45.
8. Starodubov V. I., Kagramanjan I. N., Hohlov A. L., Loshakov L. A., Borisenko O. V., Korobov N. V., Javorskij A. N. Ocenka medicinskih tehnologij: mezhdunarodnyj opyt / Pod red. V. I. Starodubova i I. N. Kagramanjana. – M.: 2012. – 104 s.
9. Terehov A. Ju. Aktual'nye voprosy mezhdunarodno-pravovogo regulirovanija predotvrashhenija oborota fal'sificirovannyh lekarstvennyh sredstv v ramkah regional'nyh mezhpravitel'stvennyh organizacij // Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal. - 2011. - # 4 (35). - S. 24-29.
10. Council Directive 65/65/EEC of 26 January 1965 on the approximation of provisions laid down by Law, Regulation or Administrative Action relating to proprietary medicinal products (Article 3) Official Journal 022, 09/02/1965. – P. 0369 – 0373.
11. Draft presentation. – [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ema.europa.eu / (data obrashhenija: 30.10.2016).
12. Drugs between Research and Regulations: Proceedings of the 5th International Meeting of Pharmaceutical Physicians Munich, October 14–17, 1984. Steichele, U. Abshagen, J. Koch-Weser Springer Science & Business Media. – R. 167.
13. EU Pharmaceutical Regulation: The Politics of Policy-Making – By G. Permanand. ALASDAIR BLAIR. – 2006.– P. 49.
14. GMP Oversight of Medicines Manufacturers in the EuropeanUnion. by: Riccardo Luigetti, EMA, Emer Cooke, EMA, Brendan Cuddy, EMA, Sebastien Goux, European Commission, and Ian Rees, MHRA. – Nov 14, 2016. –[Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa: https://www.pda.org/pda-letter-portal/archives/full- article/gmp-oversight-of-medicines-manufacturers-in-the-european-union union (data obrashhenija: 29.10.2016).

Kulikov K. A.
Good faith principle (treu und glauben) in German civil law. General overwiew
The article containes an overwiew of a good faith (Treu und Glauben) principle in german civil law. In paricular, the nature, the scope and the main funktions of this legal institute. Primary focus is placed on the similarities and differences in interpretation of the good faith in russian and german civil law. The article privedes insight into the genaral clause principle, which is unknown in russian civil law.
Keywords: good faith principle, bona fides, Treu und Glauben, german civil law, misuse of right.
Work bibliographic list
1. Beknazar-Juzbashev G. T. Zloupotreblenie pravom i princip dobroj sovesti v grazhdanskom prave Rossii i Germanii: Dis. … kand. jurid. nauk. – M., 2010.
2. Zhalinskij A., Rjoriht A. Vvedenie v nemeckoe pravo.– M.: Spark, 2001
3. Brox H., W-D.Walker. Allgemeiner Teil des BGB. 33. Aufl.– Köln: Carl Hezmanns Verlag, 2009.
4. Musielak H.-J., Hau. W. Grundkurs BGB. 14. Aufl. – München, C.H.Beck Verlag, 2015.
5. Neue Juristische Wochenschrift: 1981, 1986, 1994, 2002.
6. Prütting/Wegen/Weinreich BGB Kommentar 5. Auflage. –Köln, Luchterhand Verlag, 2010.
7. Palandt/Bearbeiter Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch 68., neubearbeitete Auflage. – München, C. H. Beck Verlag, 2009.
8. Staudinger J. v. Kommentar zum Bürgerlichen Gesetzbuch mit Einführungsgesetz und Nebengesetzen 10./11. Neubearb. Auflage. – Berlin, Sweitzer Verlag, 1992

Novikova O. I.

Vasiljev P. A.

Novikova O. I., Vasiljev P. A.
Contribution of Benjamin Franklin in shaping the constitutional foundations of the United States of America (part 1)
The article analyzes the political philosophy of Benjamin Franklin, which became the ideological
basis of the development of capitalism and formation on its basis of the socio-political system of the American state in the form of a Federal democratic Republic.
Key words: business ethics, the theory of natural human rights, the concept of home rule, the principle of separation of powers, constitutional system of "checks and balances", political guarantees of civil rights and liberties.
Work bibliographic list
1. Bill' o pravah 1791 goda (pervye desjat' popravok k Konstitucii SShA) // Sbornik dokumentov po istorii novogo vremeni stran Evropy i Ameriki (1640- 1870). M: Vysshaja shkola, 1990. S. 146-147.
2. Burstin D. Amerikancy: kolonial'nyj opyt. M.: Progress, 1993.S. 78.
3. Druzhinina I.A., Druzhinin A.V. Filosofskaja mysl' Bendzhamina Franklina // Filosofskij vek. Al'manah. Vyp. 31. Bendzhamin Franklin i Rossija: k 300-letiju so dnja rozhdenija. Chast' 1. Otv. redaktory T.V. Artem'eva, M.I. Mikeshin. SPb.: Sankt-Peterburgskij Centr istorii idej, 2006. S. 240.
4. Iz pis'ma B.Franklina perevodchiku ego sochinenij na francuzskij jazyk Djuburu (2 oktjabrja 1770 g.) // Sbornik dokumentov po istorii novogo vremeni stran Evropy i Ameriki (1640-1870). M: Vysshaja shkola, 1990. S. 100.
5. Iz pis'ma T. Dzheffersona D. Medisonu. Parizh, 30 janvarja 1787 g. // Praktikum po novoj istorii stran Evropy i Ameriki / V.B. Kuznecov. Ufa: Vostochnyj universitet, 2004. Ch. 1. S. 53.
6. Istorija gosudarstva i prava zarubezhnyh stran: ucheb./ N.V. Mihajlova, V.F. Kalina, A. A. Ivanov i dr.; pod red. N. V. Mihajlova. M.: Juniti-Dana, 2015. S. 365.
7. Istorija politicheskih i pravovyh uchenij: ucheb. Dlja vuzov / pod obshh. red. akad. RAN, d.ju.n., prof. V. S. Nersesjanca. M.: Norma, 2006. S. 477, 481-483.
8. Nikolaeva A. N. Predstavlenija o sovershennom gosudarstvennom ustrojstve v ideologii patrioticheskogo dvizhenija v 1775-1783 gg. // Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Serija: Gumanitarnye nauki. 2014. # 2 (130). S. 165.
9. Novaja istorija stran Evropy i Ameriki: ucheb. Dlja vuzov : v 2 t. / pod red. E. E. Jurovskoj i I. M. Krivoguza. M.: Vysshaja shkola, 1997. T. 1. S. 37.
10. Sal'nikov M. V. Zapadnaja tradicija prava: politiko-pravovye cennosti i idealy // Mir politiki i sociologii. 2013. # 10. S. 179.
11. Sogrin V. V. Ideologija v amerikanskoj istorii: ot otcov osnovatelej do konca XX v. M.: Nauka, 1995. S. 10.
12. Tokvil' Aleksis de. Demokratija v Amerike: per. s franc. / predisl. Garol'da Dzh. Laski. M.: Progress, 1992. S. 82.

Kozhevnikova A. V.
Legal protection of inventions in the Russian Federation and Germany
This article is devoted comparative legal to the analysis of some aspects of protection of inventions in Russia and Germany. Approaches to an interpretation of the concept "invention", the main characteristics of this object are studied, the difference in approaches to implementation of judicial protection of inventions is analysed.
Keywords: intellectual property, inventions to the Russian Federation, inventions in Germany, Intellectual Property Rights Court, federal patent court of Germany.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii ot 12.12.1993 //Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 26.01.2009. – #4. –St. 445.
2. Federal'nyj konstitucionnyj zakon «Ob arbitrazhnyh sudah v Rossijskoj Federacii» ot 28.04.1995 #1-FKZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 01.05.1995.– # 18. – St. 1589.
3. Grazhdanskij kodeks Rossijskoj Federacii (chast' chetvertaja) ot 8.12.2006 # 230-FZ // Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF. – 25.12.2006. – #52. – St. 5496.
4. Konvencija po ohrane promyshlennoj sobstvennosti ot 20.03.1883 // Zakon. – 1999. – # 7.
5. Dogovor o patentnoj kooperacii ot 19.06.1970 //Sbornik dejstvujushhih zakonov, soglashenij i konvencij, zakljuchennyh SSSR s inostrannymi gosudarstvami. Vyp. XXXIV. – M., 1980. – S. 55-89.
6. Prikaz Minobrnauki RF ot 29.10.2008 # 325 «Ob utverzhdenii Administrativnogo reglamenta ispolnenija Federal'noj sluzhboj po intellektual'noj sobstvennosti, patentam i tovarnym znakam gosudarstvennoj funkcii po organizacii priema zajavok na promyshlennyj obrazec i ih rassmotrenija, jekspertizy i vydachi v ustanovlennom porjadke patentov Rossijskoj Federacii na promyshlennyj obrazec»// Bjulleten' normativnyh aktov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti. – 15.12.2008. – # 50
7. Borovskij D. A. Izuchaem germanskij opyt // Patentnyj poverennyj. – 2016. – # 1. – S. 8-15.
8. Kozhevnikova A. Voprosy dejatel'nosti specializirovannyh sudov po intellektual'nym pravam (sravnitel'no-pravovoe issledovanie) / A. Kozhevnikova// Aktual'nye problemy pravotvorchestva i pravo-primenitel'noj dejatel'nosti v Rossijskoj Federacii: materialy Mezhdunar. stud. nauch.-prakt. konf.,posvjashh. pamjati dekana jurid. fak. Irkut. gos. un-ta, prof. N. I. Trofimova. Irkutsk, 13-14 apr. 2012 g. /[otv. red. N. Je. Shishkina]. – Irkutsk, 2012. – S. 267-270.
9. Kuz'mina O. M. Ob"ekty, ne priznavaemye izobretenijami v Germanii // Patenty i licenzii – 2002
10. Orehov D. V., Pavlova Ja. N. Zashhita patentnyh prav:opyt zarubezhnyh stran // Izobretatel'stvo. – 2014. –T. 14. – # 8. – S. 29-42.
11. Patentgesetz [Jelektronnyj resurs]. – Rezhim dostupa:http://www.patentgesetz.de/
12. Russlis Sh., Tkachev D. Obshhie aspekty sudoproizvodstva v sfere zashhity intellektual'noj sobstvennsti v Germanii // Zhurnal Suda po intellektual'nym pravam. – Oktjabr' 2013 g. – # 1. – S. 42-46.

Zhang X.

Wang H.

Zhang X., Wang H.
Analytical comparative concept of the legal aspects of the constitution of the Russian Federation and the constitution of the United States of America
The emergence and development of constitutionalism in different countries is characterized as common features and the differences caused by features of historical development. The recognition of the Constitution as the highest law of the country, designed to regulate the fundamental legal and political processes and to establish key provisions of the law, is common to most modern States. The rest of the country's legislation and administrative law-making, should not contradict the norms of the basic law. In this way, the Constitution is the legal basis for the existence of constitutionalism, one of the key components of which are the rights and freedoms of citizens, the principle of separation of powers and representative government. This article presents the experience of a brief analysis of the constitutions of the Russian Federation and the United States of America. For a better understanding of the reasons for the similarities and differences in the structure and in the substantive constituent of these acts, you must understand historical, cultural and political context in which they were born and received their development of these, without exaggeration, epoch-making documents.
Key words: Constitution, constitutionalism, Russian Federation, United States of America.
Work bibliographic list
1. Konstitucija Rossijskoj Federacii // SZ RF. 2009.# 4.
2. Konstitucija SShA Kommentarij L. V. Smorgunova.SPb, 1992
3. Konstitucii zarubezhnyh gosudarstv. Uchebnoe posobie. M.: Izdatel'stvo BEK, 1997.
4. Konstitucionnoe (gosudarstvennoe pravo) zarubezhnyh stran: v 4 t. Toma 1-2. Chast' obshhaja: Uchebnik /Otv.red. prof. B. A. Strashun. – 3-e izd., obnovl. – M., 2000.
5. Vinogradov V. N., Guseva N. M., Zverev A. M., Shpotov B. M. Novaja istorija stran Evropy i Ameriki. Pervyj period. M.: izd-vo «Vysshaja shkola», 1998.
6. Chirkin V. E. «Konstitucionnoe pravo zarubezhnyh stran». M.: izd-vo «Jurist"», 1999.
7. Kozlova E. I., Kutafin O. E. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii: uchebnik. M., Jurist", 1995.
8. Seleznev L.I. Politicheskaja sistema SShA. SPb,1995.
9. Fridmen L. Vvedenie v amerikanskoe pravo. M.,1993.
10. Chernilovskij Z.M. Vseobshhaja istorija gosudarstva i prava. M., 1999.
11. Kovler A. I. Konstitucija «formal'naja» i «real'naja» //Politicheskie issledovanija. 1998. # 6. S. 26-31.

Yusupov T. I.
Comparative legal analysis of norms of Russian and foreign criminal legislation provides for liability for malicious evasion from payment of means for the maintenance of minor children
and disabled parents
The material of this article presents a comparative legal analysis of norms of Russian and foreign criminal legislation provides for liability for malicious evasion from payment of means for the maintenance of minor children and disabled parents.
Keywords: criminal liability, willful refusal, failure parents.
Work bibliographic list
1. Ugolovnyj kodeks Ukrainy (s izm. i dop. po sostojaniju na 20 ijunja 2003 goda). Har'kov, 2003. S. 85–86.
2. Ugolovnyj kodeks Respubliki Belarus'. Ugolovno-processual'nyj kodeks Respubliki Belarus'. Minsk: Nac. Centr pravovoj informacii Respubliki Belarus', 2007. S. 153.
3. V redakcii zakonov Respubliki Belarus' ot 8 maja 2002 g., 22 ijulja 2003 g. i 19 ijulja 2005 g. // Nacional'nyj reestr pravovyh aktov Respubliki Belarus'. 2002. # 55. 2/847; 2003. # 83. 2/974; 2005. # 120. 2/1134.
4. V redakcii zakonov Respubliki Belarus' ot 22 ijulja 2003 g. // Nacional'nyj reestr pravovyh aktov Respubliki Belarus'. 2003. # 83. 2/974.
5. Stat'ja 110 UK RM izmenena zakonom # 205-14 ot 25.11.1998 g.
6. Stat'ja 111 UK RM izmenena zakonom # 205-14 ot 25.11.1998 g.
7. Stat'ja 112 UK RM izmenena zakonom # 205-14 ot 25.11.1998 g.
8. Lozovickaja G. P. Obshhij sravnitel'no-pravovoj kommentarij i sravnitel'nye tablicy ugolovnyh kodeksov gosudarstv-uchastnikov Sodruzhestva Nezavisimyh Gosudarstv (SNG): v 2 ch. / pod red. P. G. Ponomareva. Saratov: Izdatel'stvo Saratovskoj gosudarstvennoj akademii prava, 2002. Ch. 2.

Gorbunov M. G.
Critical analysis to imperative theory of law in H. L. A. Hart’s legal conception
The article deals with the H. L. A. Hart criticism against J. Austin’s theory of law. A central aspect of consideration is the thesis, formulated in the framework of the classical dogma of positivism, according to which the law is treated as sovereign general orders backed by threats which are generally obeyed. The evaluation of this provision and its accompanying argument presents.
Keywords: legal thinking, legalism, the concept of orders, sovereignty, legal rules.
Work bibliographic list
1. Baranov P. P. Pozitivistskoe pravoponimanie v juridicheskoj nauke, praktike i povsednevnoj zhizni sovremennoj Rossii // Rossijskij zhurnal pravovyh issledovanij. 2015. # 4 (5). S. 7-14.
2. Hart G. L. A. Ponjatie prava / Per. s angl.; pod obshh. red. E. V. Afonasina i S. V. Moiseeva. SPb.: Izd-voS.-Peterb. un-ta, 2007.
3. Austin J. The Province of Jurisprudence Determined.
4. Hart H. L. A. Signs and Words. The Philosophical Quarterly.II.
5. Hart H. L. A. Theory and Definition in Jurisprudence. II.
6. Marshall G. Parliamentary Sovereignty and the Commonwealth.
7. Morison W. L. Some Myth about Positivism. II.
8. Winch P. Rules and Habits. II.
9. Winch P. The Idea of a Social Science.


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